Basketbol Süper Ligi
|Number of teams||16|
|Level on pyramid||1|
|Domestic cup(s)||Turkish Cup|
FIBA Europe Cup
|Most championships||Anadolu Efes|
|TV partners||beIN Sports |
|2017–18 Basketbol Süper Ligi|
The Basketbol Süper Ligi (BSL), also known as Tahincioğlu Basketbol Süper Ligi for sponsorship reasons, is the top professional basketball division of the Turkish basketball league system. In English, it is known as the Turkish Basketball Super League. The league was previously known as the Turkish Basketball League (TBL). Administrated by the Turkish Basketball Federation (TBF), the Basketbol Süper Ligi is contested by 16 teams, with the two lowest-placed teams relegated to the TBL and replaced by the two top teams in that division.
11 clubs have been crowned champions since the inception of the Basketbol Süper Ligi in 1966, with Anadolu Efes winning the title a record 13 times and Fenerbahçe 9 times. In recent years, Fenerbahçe dominated the league by winning 8 titles out of 12 from the 2006–07 season onward.
The BSL replaced the former Turkish Basketball Championship (1946–1967), which was the league's predecessor.
According to official records, in Turkey, basketball was first played in 1904, at Robert College. An American physical education teacher laid the foundations of the sport in the country. 7 years later, Ahmet Robenson, a physical education teacher at Galatasaray High School, decided to introduce a new game to the students in 1911. Robenson, who also later became president of Galatasaray, popularized this sport in Turkey.
Until late 1966, local basketball competitions were being held in major cities like Istanbul (which hosted the Istanbul League), Ankara, and İzmir. There was also the former Turkish Championship which existed from 1946 to 1967.
The current Turkish top-tier level national league was founded in 1966, by the Turkish Basketball Federation, and began with the 1966–67 season, and it thus replaced those earlier competitions. The Turkish second-tier level league, the TBL (previously known as the TB2L), was also founded three years later in 1969, and since 2011, a third-tier level league TB2L, with the teams divided into two groups.
There are 16 teams in the league, and they play against each other twice, under a league system format, once at their home and the other away. At the end of the season, the top eight teams are entitled to participate in the league's playoffs. The winners of the playoffs are crowned the Turkish champions. The two top teams of the Turkish Second League are promoted to the top level Basketbol Süper Ligi. The two lowest placed teams of the Süper Ligi are relegated.
The winners of the former Turkish Basketball Championship (1946–1967) are not included, only the clubs winning the Basketbol Süper Ligi since its inception in 1966.
Performance by club
Clubs in bold currently play in the top division.
|Anadolu Efes||1979, 1983, 1984, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1996, 1997, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2009|
|Fenerbahçe||1991, 2007, 2008, 2010, 2011, 2014, 2016, 2017, 2018|
|Eczacıbaşı||1976, 1977, 1978, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1988, 1989|
|Galatasaray||1969, 1985, 1986, 1990, 2013|
|İTÜ||1968, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973|
|Ülker||1995, 1998, 2001, 2006|
List of champions
Finals MVPs and winner coaches
Note: Flags indicate national team eligibility at FIBA sanctioned events. Players may hold other non-FIBA nationality not displayed.
|Season||Finals MVP||Champion's Coach|
|2008–09||Bootsy Thornton||Ergin Ataman|
|2009–10||Tarence Kinsey||Ertuğrul Erdoğan|
|2010–11||Oğuz Savaş||Neven Spahija|
|2011–12||Carlos Arroyo||Ergin Ataman|
|2012–13||Jamont Gordon||Ergin Ataman|
|2014–15||Bobby Dixon||Ufuk Sarıca|
|2015–16||Luigi Datome||Željko Obradović|
|2016–17||Bogdan Bogdanović||Željko Obradović|
|2017–18||Brad Wanamaker||Željko Obradović|
Turkish basketball clubs in European-wide competitions
- Adana Demirspor (1973–1974, 1975–1976)
- Aliağa Petkimspor (2008-2014, after relegation to Second League, withdrew from the league due to debts)
- Altay (1967–1972, played as Egepen Altay in 2000–2001)
- Altınordu (1966–1973)
- Anadoluhisarı (1984–1985)
- Ankaragücü (1970–1975)
- Antalya Büyükşehir Belediyespor (2007-2013)
- Antbirlik (1981–1982, 1994–1996, 2000–2001)
- Bakırköyspor (1993–1994)
- Bandırma Kırmızı (2011-2012)
- Beslen Makarna (1986–1992, withdrew at the end of 1991–92 season)
- Bornova Belediyespor (2009-2011)
- Büyük Kolej (2000–2006)
- Büyük Salat (1988-1988, withdrew after 7 matches)
- Çukurova Sanayi (1981–1992)
- DSİ Spor (1966–1982, played as Suspor between 1966 and 1975)
- Eczacıbaşı (1974–1990, 1991–1992, Eczacıbaşı Holding closed basketball branch after relegation to Second League in 1992)
- Erdemirspor (2004-2006, 2008-2013, Erdemir closed basketball branch in 2013)
- Göztepe (1968–1969, 2002–2003)
- Güney Sanayi (1980–1984)
- Hacettepe Üniversitesi (2011-2013, withdrew from the leagues after relegation to Third League in 2013-14 season, but joined to Regional League in 2015-16 season)
- Hilalspor (1984–1986, 1987–1988)
- Jandarmagücü (1967–1969)
- İTÜ (1966–1978, 1979-1994, 1996–1998, 1999–2000, 2001–2006, played as Raks İTÜ in 1996–97 and Aras İTÜ in 2003–2004 seasons due to sponsorship reasons)
- Kadıköyspor (1966–1969, 1972–1975) (Became Efes Pilsen in 1976 and Anadolu Efes in 2011)
- Karagücü (1968–1970)
- Kepez Belediyespor (2007-2010)
- Konyaspor (1992–1993, 1996–2001, played as Kombassan Konyaspor between 1996 and 2001 and withdrew in 2001)
- Kuşadasıspor (1998–1999)
- Kurtuluş (1966–1968)
- Mersin Büyükşehir Belediyespor (2005-2014)
- Meysuspor (1992–1993, 1994–1998)
- Modaspor (1968–1971)
- Muhafızgücü (1966–1976, 1977–1978, 1980–1983, played as Silahlı Kuvvetler Gücü between 1982 and 1983)
- Muratpaşa Bld. (1993–1996, 1997–1999, played as Antalyaspor between 1993 and 1996 and joined to Antalya Büyükşehir Belediyespor in 2001)
- Mülkiye (1980–1981)
- Nasaşspor (1986–1987, 1989–1993) (Originally, the team played in İzmit, then it was relocated to İstanbul and became Ülkerspor in 1993–94 season, Alpella in 2006–2007 one. It was finally relocated to Trabzon and became Trabzonspor in 2008–2009 season. Trabzonspor played in TBL as Alpellaspor between 2006 and 2008 and promoted to TBL again in 2009–10 season as champions. They relegated to Second League in 2011-12 season but immediately returned to top level at next season)
- Netaş (1995–1997)
- ODTÜ (1975–1977, 1980–1983)
- Olin Gençlik Edirne (2010–2015), it became Eskişehir Basket in 2014.
- Ortaköy (1992–1998, played as Mis Süt Ortaköy in 1993–94 season, Mavi Jeans Ortaköy between 1994 and 1997 and Emlakbank Ortaköy in 1997–98 season due to sponsorship reasons, withdrew from the league due to financial shortage)
- Oyak Renaultspor (1982-1984, 1992-2000, 2001–2004, 2006-2011, dissolved in 2013)
- Paşabahçe (1987–1992, İş Bankası closed basketball branch in 1992)
- Samsunspor (1973–1974, withdrew at the end of first half of season)
- Selçuk Üniversitesi (2006-2009, 2013-2016, played as Mutlu Akü Selçuk Üniversitesi between 2006 and 2009 and Torku Selçuk Üniversitesi between 2013 and 2014, became Torku Konyaspor in 2014)
- Şekerspor (1966–1968, 1971–1983, 1986–1987)
- Taçspor (1978–1982, 1994–1995)
- Tarsus İdman Yurdu Erkutspor (1985–1986, withdrew and haven't played any matches)
- Tekelspor (2002–2007)
- Tofaş (1976–1989, 1990–2000, 2003–2004, 2006–2007, 2009-15, 2016-, played as Tofaş SAS between 1976 and 1989 and withdrew from the league in 2000–2001 season)
- TTNet Beykozspor (1988–1990, 2005–2008, played as Sümerbank Beykozspor between 1988 and 1990 and Beykozspor between 2005 and 2007)
- Yenişehir (1976–1983, 1985–1986, played as Yenişehir Meysu between 1977 and 1979, as İstanbul Bankası Yenişehir between 1979 and 1983 and as Hortaş Yenişehir between 1985 and 1986)
- Tuborg Pilsener (1995–2001, 2003–2006, played as Tuborg between 1995 and 1999 and Troy Pilsener between 1999 and 2001 and withdrew in 2001 and in 2006)
- Yıldırımspor (1992–1994, withdrew from the league in 1994)
- Ziraat Fakültesi (1977–1982, 1983–1984)
- TBF Unveils Basketball Super League and Women’s Basketball Super League.
- Durupınar, Mehmet. Türk Basketbolunun 100 yıllık tarihi. (2009).page(12).Efes Pazarlama ve Dağıtım Ticaret A.Ş. ISBN 978-975-00995-1-9
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