Jump to content

Turkish Grand Prix

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Turkish Grand Prix
Istanbul Park
Race information
Number of times held9
First held2005
Last held2021
Most wins (drivers)Brazil Felipe Massa (3)
Most wins (constructors)Italy Ferrari (3)
Circuit length5.338 km (3.317 miles)
Race length309.396 km (192.250 miles)
Last race (2021)
Pole position
Fastest lap
Istanbul Park is in a rural area and is paved with tarmac. It has large concrete and gravel run-off areas, large grandstands and a substantial pit building and paddock.
Aerial view of Istanbul Park

The Turkish Grand Prix (Turkish: Türkiye Grand Prix) is a Formula One motor race held at Istanbul Park, designed by Hermann Tilke. The race was part of the Formula One World Championship between 2005 and 2011, and 2020 to 2021, the latter two being due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Felipe Massa and Ferrari are the most successful driver and constructor respectively, having won the race three times each.


Despite the major challenges involved including completing part of the journey by boat, teams drove their equipment from their European factories to the track for each meeting except the 2020 race.

The nature of the circuit resulted in the inaugural 2005 Turkish Grand Prix weekend seeing exciting on-track action, with many drivers spinning off throughout the weekend due to pushing too hard, particularly at Turn 8 where Juan Pablo Montoya ran wide with two laps to go following a tangle with the Jordan of Tiago Monteiro. This allowed Fernando Alonso to take second place behind Kimi Räikkönen, an event which had a significant bearing on their battle for the World Championship headed towards its culmination.

A year later, Felipe Massa took his first pole position and victory at Tuzla. The Ferraris were 1–2 in early stages of the race, with Massa ahead of Michael Schumacher. Vitantonio Liuzzi's spin brought out the safety car and the Ferraris had to pit on the same lap. Alonso was able to get past Schumacher and the order stayed until the end of the race. Massa repeated in 2007 ahead of his new teammate Räikkönen.

In 2008, the race was held in May. Two-stopping Massa won the race ahead of three-stopping Lewis Hamilton, although Hamilton had passed him during the race.

For 2011, the race was put in doubt because Bernie Ecclestone wanted to double the fees for hosting the race. Ecclestone later confirmed, however, that it would feature on the 2011 calendar, which would expand to twenty races with the addition of the Indian Grand Prix (although the cancellation of the Bahrain Grand Prix meant only nineteen Grands Prix were held).[3]

On 30 July 2011 it was announced that the Turkish Grand Prix would not be on the calendar from 2012 due to a lack of agreement on the annual cost.[4] The race organisers claimed that the hosting fee was too high, while Ecclestone blamed poor promotion for the race's lack of profitability.[5] On 9 January 2013 the government chose not to approve the Formula 1 deal that would have held the race in Tuzla in 2013.

The project, set to cost Turkey around 20 million dollars in total, needed to receive 13 million dollars of state funding. The government, however, did not give its approval, and the project fell through.[6]


The winner of the inaugural Turkish Grand Prix was Kimi Räikkönen (McLaren-Mercedes), Fernando Alonso (Renault F1) came in second, followed by Juan Pablo Montoya (McLaren-Mercedes).

The fastest race lap was achieved by Juan Pablo Montoya in 1'24.770, a time which is yet to be surpassed.


The 2006 Turkish Grand Prix was won by Felipe Massa (Ferrari), who led from start to finish, Fernando Alonso (Renault F1) came in second and seven-time world champion Michael Schumacher in third.

The fastest race lap was achieved by Michael Schumacher in 1'28.005.

As part of the podium ceremony after the 2006 race, the winner's trophy was presented by Mehmet Ali Talat, who was introduced to television viewers via the captions as the president of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, a state which is recognised only by Turkey. The FIA announced they would be investigating this incident, as a possible breach of the organisation's political neutrality. The identity of the person who would present the winner's trophy was left to the last minute, leaving the FIA no time to veto the choice. Some commentators feared this incident could jeopardise the future of the Turkish Grand Prix, and possibly also Turkey's round of the World Rally Championship, another FIA-sanctioned series.[7] It was concluded with a 5 million dollar fine,[8] which was later reduced by half.[citation needed]


The winner of the 2007 Turkish Grand Prix was the Brazilian Felipe Massa (Ferrari), who won the race for the second year in a row having qualified in pole position. During the press conference following the race, he commented that "the Istanbul Park was the track where he made his career turn-around, and finally began winning races." He also praised the track as well as the city.

The fastest race lap was achieved by Kimi Räikkönen in 1'27.295.


The winner of the 2008 Turkish Grand Prix was the Brazilian Felipe Massa (Ferrari), who won the race for the third year in a row, also starting in pole position.

The fastest race lap was achieved by Kimi Räikkönen in 1'26.506.


The winner was the British Jenson Button of Brawn GP, with Australian Mark Webber and Germany's Sebastian Vettel of Red Bull Racing completing the podium.

The fastest race lap was achieved by eventual winner, Jenson Button with a 1'27.579.


The winner was Britain's Lewis Hamilton of McLaren, with teammate and countryman Jenson Button in second and Australian Mark Webber of Red Bull Racing in third. Webber had started in pole position and had been leading the race until he collided with teammate Sebastian Vettel.


Sebastian Vettel won the 2011 event for Red Bull Racing, ahead of team-mate Mark Webber and Ferrari's Fernando Alonso. The race featured the greatest recorded number of pit stops and overtaking manoeuvres in a dry race in F1 history.


Due to the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020 several originally scheduled races were cancelled. The Turkish Grand Prix was added to the revised calendar in August 2020 and the race weekend was held between 13 and 15 November 2020.[9] The race weekend was marred by a newly resurfaced track, which Pirelli was not aware of and could not test or bring appropriate tyres for, and heavy rainfall exacerbating the already slippery conditions. Lance Stroll of Racing Point took pole position in wet conditions. It was Lewis Hamilton of Mercedes, starting from sixth, who took the lead in the middle stages of the race and led to win the race and claim his seventh world title, equaling Michael Schumacher's record.


The Turkish Grand Prix was initially brought in as a replacement for the Canadian Grand Prix for the 2021 Formula One World Championship due to the entry restrictions of Canada.[10] The event was postponed due to travel restrictions from Turkey imposed by the British government, with the Styrian Grand Prix taking its place.[11] The race was later re-added to the calendar to take the place of the cancelled Singapore Grand Prix.[12] The race was won by Valtteri Bottas for Mercedes, who started from pole position and led most of the race.

Winners of the Turkish Grand Prix[edit]

Repeat winners (drivers)[edit]

Drivers in bold are competing in the Formula One championship in the current season.

Wins Driver Years won
3 Brazil Felipe Massa 2006, 2007, 2008
2 United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton 2010, 2020

Repeat winners (constructors)[edit]

Constructors in bold are competing in the Formula One championship in the current season.

Wins Constructor Years won
3 Italy Ferrari 2006, 2007, 2008
2 United Kingdom McLaren 2005, 2010
Germany Mercedes 2020, 2021

Repeat winners (engine manufacturers)[edit]

Manufacturers in bold are competing in the Formula One championship in the current season.

Wins Manufacturer Years won
5 Germany Mercedes * 2005, 2009, 2010, 2020, 2021
3 Italy Ferrari 2006, 2007, 2008

* Built by Ilmor in 2005

By year[edit]

All Turkish Grands Prix were held at Istanbul Park.[13]

Year Driver Constructor Report
2005 Finland Kimi Räikkönen McLaren-Mercedes Report
2006 Brazil Felipe Massa Ferrari Report
2007 Brazil Felipe Massa Ferrari Report
2008 Brazil Felipe Massa Ferrari Report
2009 United Kingdom Jenson Button Brawn-Mercedes Report
2010 United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton McLaren-Mercedes Report
2011 Germany Sebastian Vettel Red Bull Racing-Renault Report

Not held
2020 United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Mercedes Report
2021 Finland Valtteri Bottas Mercedes Report


  1. ^ Lewis Hamilton set the fastest time in qualifying, but received a ten-place grid penalty for exceeding his quota of internal combustion engines.[1] Valtteri Bottas was promoted to pole position in his place.[2]


  1. ^ "Hamilton set for Turkish GP grid penalty after taking new Mercedes engine". Formula1. 8 October 2021. Retrieved 8 October 2021.
  2. ^ "Bottas claims pole for Turkish GP as fastest driver Hamilton takes grid penalty". Formula1. 9 October 2021. Retrieved 9 October 2021.
  3. ^ "F1 set for record 20-race season". BBC News. 16 April 2010.
  4. ^ "Turkey set to be dropped for 2012". BBC News.
  5. ^ Richards, Giles (22 April 2011). "Turkey grand prix heads for the scrapyard over $26m price tag". The Guardian. Retrieved 23 January 2021.
  6. ^ Daily Hürriyet newspaper Turkey 9 January 2013
  7. ^ "News | Planet F1 | Formula One News". Planet F1. Archived from the original on 17 December 2012. Retrieved 8 November 2012.
  8. ^ "Turks fined only $5m". Grandprix.com. 19 September 2006. Retrieved 8 November 2012.
  9. ^ "Formula 1 to return to Turkey as four more races are added to the 2020 F1 calendar". www.formula1.com. Retrieved 27 August 2020.
  10. ^ "Turkey to replace Canada on 2021 F1 race calendar". Formula1.com. 28 April 2021. Retrieved 28 April 2021.
  11. ^ "2021 F1 calendar reshuffled, as Turkey drops off and extra Austria race added". www.formula1.com. Formula One. 14 May 2021. Retrieved 14 May 2021.
  12. ^ Benson, Andrew (25 June 2021). "Formula 1: Turkey to replace Singapore on calendar". BBC Sport. Retrieved 25 June 2021.
  13. ^ a b c d e "Turkish GP". ChicaneF1. Retrieved 3 September 2021.