Turkish International Cooperation and Development Agency

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The Turkish Cooperation and Coordination Agency (Turkish: Türk İşbirliği ve Koordinasyon İdaresi Başkanlığı, TİKA) is a government department of the Prime Ministry of Turkey. TİKA is responsible for organization of the bulk of Turkey's official development assistance to developing countries, with a particular focus on Turkic countries and communities.

Turkish Cooperation and Coordination Agency
Türk İşbirliği ve Koordinasyon Ajansı
Agency overview
Formed 1992
Headquarters Ankara, Turkey
Employees 760
Annual budget 383,000,000 TL (2015)
Agency executive
  • Dr. Serdar ÇAM
Parent department Prime Ministry of Turkey
Website http://www.tika.gov.tr/en

Mission[edit]

TIKA's objectives can be summarized as;[1]

  • Assist in the development of Turkic countries and communities.
  • Develop economic, commercial, technical, social, cultural and educational cooperation among Turkic countries and communities.
  • Engage in social and cultural projects and activities aimed at preserving common cultural, social heritage and values among Turkic countries and communities.
  • Provide scholarships and assistance to public officials and other individuals from such countries for education and training in Turkey.
  • Provide technical assistance and humanitarian aid.
  • Act as the main facilitator for cooperation among Turkic state institutions and organisations, universities, non-profit organisations and the private sector
  • Cooperate with other International aid agencies through various project and programmes.

History[edit]

With the dissolution of the USSR in 1991, Turkic countries in Central Asia gained their independence (Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan).

This paved the way for the resurgence of dual relations between Turkey and these countries. Sharing a common language, history, culture and ethnicity with these countries, developing these relations has been a permanent focus for Turkey. There was a need to establish an organization in order to fund, develop and coordinate activities and projects in a variety of different fields. The Turkish Cooperation and Development Agency (TIKA) in 1992 was established for this purpose.

Early years 1992–2000[edit]

TIKA Programme Coordination offices were set up in Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. Numerous projects in the fields of education, agriculture, industry and finance were undertaken. The main focus in these early years was on educational and social projects in Central Asia such as the construction of schools, universities, libraries and providing scholarships to students and public officials to study in Turkey.[2]

Expansion 2000–2010[edit]

In this era, TIKA was developed to become an integral part of Turkish Foreign Policy.[1] Its activity area was enlarged to encompass the Middle East, Africa and the Balkans. The number of programme coordination offices more than doubled from 12 offices in 2002 to 28 in 2010.[2] Focus began to shift from direct aid provision to technical assistance, institutional capacity building and human development activities. More than 100 projects were implemented in 25 countries in 2010.[3]

By the end of the decade, the destination of the majority of aid and assistance had shifted from Turkic countries to Africa.[3] During this decade, development aid provided by Turkey reached US$1.273 billion.[2]

After 2010[edit]

As of 2015, TIKA has programme coordination offices in 42 countries.[4] During this period, activities have been expanded into Latin America as well as the wider Asian region.

Top aid destinations have been Tunisia, Somalia, Afghanistan, Chad, Macedonia and Kyrgyzstan.[4]

Activities and projects in 2015 included[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "TIKA Annual Report 2013" (PDF). Retrieved 03/05/2016.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  2. ^ a b c "About Us - TİKA". www.tika.gov.tr. Retrieved 2016-05-03. 
  3. ^ a b "TIKA Annual Report 2010" (PDF). 
  4. ^ a b c "TIKA Annual Report 2015" (PDF). 

External links[edit]