Turkish constitutional referendum, 1982
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politics and government of
In 1980 the Grand National Assembly was scheduled to elect a new President to replace Fahri Korutürk. However, the parties were unable to agree on a candidate, and on 12 September 1980, the Turkish Armed Forces led by Kenan Evren staged a coup d'état, dissolved the Grand National Assembly and started ruling the country through the National Security Council.
The NSC set up a Consultative Assembly and appointed all 160 members. Political parties were shut down, and those who had been members of parties were excluded from the Assembly. It worked from 23 November 1981 and 17 July 1982 to draw up the new constitution, which would replace the 1961 document.
One of the transitional provisions of the constitution named Evren as President until 1989. The constitution also banned civil society organisations from political activity, whilst political parties were banned from working with civil society organisations, including trade unions. The Army was given a majority in the National Security Council, which was also deemed to be superior to the cabinet.
Evren claimed the new constitution had liberties "luxurious" for Turkey.
|Invalid or blank votes||43,498||0.2|
|Registered voters and turnout||20,690,914||91.3|
|Source: Nohlen et al|
- Dieter Nohlen, Florian Grotz & Christof Hartmann (2001) Elections in Asia: A data handbook, Volume I, p254 ISBN 0-19-924958-X
- Ergun Özbudun (2012) Turkey’s Search for a New Constitution Insight Turkey, Vol 14, pp39-50
- Turkey, 7 November 1982: Constitution Direct Democracy
- Gökçer Tahincioğlu, Türker Karapınar (2012-04-02). "Darbe İktidarı 32 yıl sonra sanık sandalyesinde". Milliyet (in Turkish). Retrieved 2013-07-15.
- Güçlü, Abbas (2003-09-25). "61 Anayasası Türkiye'ye büyük geldi". Milliyet (in Turkish). Retrieved 2008-07-05.