1991 Turkish general election

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Turkish general election, 1991

← 1987 20 October 1991 1995 →

Total of 450 seats of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey
226 seats were needed for a majority
Turnout83.9%
  First party Second party Third party
  Suleyman Demirel 1998.jpg Erdal İnönü (cropped).jpg
Leader Süleyman Demirel Mesut Yılmaz Erdal İnönü
Party DYP ANAP SHP
Leader since 6 September 1987 15 June 1991 30 May 1986
Leader's seat Isparta Rize İzmir
Last election 59 seats, 19.10% 292 seats, 36.31% 99 seats, 24.74%
Seats won 178 115 88
Seat change Increase119 Decrease177 Decrease11
Popular vote 6,600,726 5,862,623 5,066,571
Percentage 27.03% 24.01% 20.75%
Swing Increase7.93% Decrease12.30% Decrease3.99%

  Fourth party Fifth party
  Necmettin Erbakan.jpg Bülent Ecevit-Davos 2000 cropped.jpg
Leader Necmettin Erbakan Bülent Ecevit
Party Welfare DSP
Leader since 11 October 1987 15 January 1989
Leader's seat Konya Zonguldak
Last election no seats, 7.20% no seats, 8.50%
Seats won 62 7
Seat change Increase62 Increase7
Popular vote 4,121,355 2,624,301
Percentage 16.87% 10.74%
Swing Increase9.67% Increase2.24%

1991 Turkish general election.svg

Prime Minister before election

Mesut Yılmaz
ANAP

Elected Prime Minister

Süleyman Demirel
DYP

General elections were held in Turkey on 20 October 1991, to elect members to the 19th Grand National Assembly. It was the first by the ruling Motherland Party to be contested without its founding leader, Turgut Özal, who had become Turkish president two years previously. The result was a swing against Özal's former party in favour of its fierce centre-right rival, the True Path Party led by Süleyman Demirel. The vote saw two additional parties cross the 10 percent barrier to enter parliament. Necmettin Erbakan and his Welfare Party saw a party of religious background returned for the first time in 14 years. Welfare had a greatly increased share of the vote and took several key provinces, including Istanbul in 1994 local elections. Bülent Ecevit's Democratic Left Party also scraped through to win seven seats. Voter turnout was 83.9%.[1]

Results[edit]

Parliament of Turkey 1991.svg
Party Votes % Seats +/–
True Path Party 6,600,726 27.0 178 +119
Motherland Party 5,862,623 24.0 115 –177
Social Democratic Populist Party 5,066,571 20.8 88 –11
Welfare Party 4,121,355 16.9 62 +62
Democratic Left Party 2,624,301 10.7 7 +7
Socialist Party 108,369 0.4 0 New
Independents 32,721 0.1 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 740,423
Total 25,157,089 100 450 0
Source: Nohlen et al.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dieter Nohlen, Florian Grotz & Christof Hartmann (2001) Elections in Asia: A data handbook, Volume I, p258 ISBN 0-19-924958-X