Turkish military operation in Idlib Governorate

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Turkish military operation in Idlib Governorate
Part of Foreign Involvement in the Syrian Civil War and the Turkish involvement in the Syrian Civil War
Turkish Observation Points in Idlib.svg
Turkish flags represent observation points
Location Northern Idlib Governorate and western Aleppo Governorate, Syria
Date 7 October 2017[1] – present
(1 year, 1 week and 2 days)
Executed by Turkey Turkish Armed Forces
Outcome
  • Turkish Army set up 3 bases in northern Idlib to isolate the SDF in the Afrin[2]
  • Turkish Army established 12 observation points in de-escalation zones[3]
Casualties Turkey 2 killed (1 soldier, 1 civilian), 7 wounded (6 soldiers, 1 civilian)[4][5]

The Turkish military operation in Idlib Governorate (Turkish: İdlib Hârekatı), or code-named as Idlib De-escalation Control Force activities[6] (Turkish: İdlib Gerginliği Azaltma Kontrol Gücü faaliyetleri) by Turkey, is an operation by the Turkish Armed Forces which started in October 2017, following the earlier Operation Euphrates Shield. It is the third cross-border operation by the Turkish military, following Operation Euphrates Shield and Operation Shah Euphrates.

Background[edit]

The operation was launched following the 2017 Astana agreement between Turkey, Russia and Iran.

2018 timeline[edit]

February[edit]

In February of 2018 the Turkish military began constructing multiple observation outposts in Northern and Southeastern Idlib.[7][8] On the 6 of the same month a rocket & mortar attack killed a Turkish soldier and wounded 5 other Turkish servicemen. [9]

May[edit]

On 22 May 2018, the Turkish army established the 12th and last military observation post in Idlib province amid risk of more tension with the Syrian Government and other insurgent groups.[10]

Reactions[edit]

Within Syria[edit]

  • Syria Syrian government: An unnamed source at Syria's Foreign Ministry said, "The Turkish regime must abide by what was agreed in Astana."[11][12]
  • Rojava: “Any military operation led by Turkish forces in Afrin will fail as it would elicit a harsh and unexpected response,” Rezan Gilo, head of the Defense and Self-Protection Body of Afrin, told Kurdistan 24.[13]
  • Army of Revolutionaries: Ahmed Sultan, commander of the Army of Revolutionaries, accused Turkey of selling Idlib to the Syrian regime, Iran and Russia and called upon the people of Idlib to resist the planned Turkish, Iranian, and Russian intervention in Idlib.[14]
  • Tahrir al-Sham: The Tahrir al-Sham leadership stated that anyone supporting the intervention is committing treason.[15] Nevertheless, a faction within the group, led by Abu Maria Al-Qahtani is aiding the Turkish operation, which has led to factional strife within Tahrir al-Sham.[16][better source needed]

International reactions[edit]

  •  Russia: The head of the Russian delegation for the Astana talks, Alexander Lavrentyev, said that Russia was ready to act as a mediator between the Syrian government and Turkey regarding the situation in Idlib.[17]

Supranational reactions[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "First Turkish military convoy enters Syria's Idlib". 7 October 2017 – via Reuters.
  2. ^ "Turkish observation posts in Syria's Idlib". Turkish observation posts in Syria's Idlib. Retrieved 17 February 2018.
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ YPG terrorists attack Turkish military convoy in Idlib with car bomb, kill 1 civilian, injure 2 others
  5. ^ "Turkish soldier killed in attack in Syria's Idlib province".
  6. ^ [2]
  7. ^ "Turkish observation posts in Syria's Idlib". Turkish observation posts in Syria's Idlib. Retrieved 17 February 2018.
  8. ^ "Turkish military says sets up sixth observation post in Syria's Idlib". 15 February 2018. Retrieved 17 February 2018 – via Reuters.
  9. ^ Turkish soldier killed in attack in Syria's Idlib province
  10. ^ Turkish army's Idlib action 'riskiest cross-border operation' to date
  11. ^ (www.dw.com), Deutsche Welle. "Syria demands Turkey immediately withdraw troops – News – DW – 14.10.2017". DW.COM.
  12. ^ "Syria demands 'immediate' withdrawal of Turkish troops". Hürriyet Daily News.
  13. ^ Kurdistan24. "Any Turkish military operation in Afrin will fail, be faced with strong resistance: Kurdish official".
  14. ^ "أبو عراج: تركيا باعت إدلب أيضاً للنظام السوري وداعميه - ANHA". www.hawarnews.com.
  15. ^ "Hay'at Tahrir al-Sham: The attack carried out by the factions on Idlib is a treason – AWDnews". www.awdnews.com.
  16. ^ "Abu-Maria Al-Qahtani… Turkey's compass to Adlib". Hawar News Agency. 16 November 2017. Retrieved 16 November 2017.
  17. ^ "Russia ready to mediate talks between Damascus, Ankara on Idlib". 30 October 2017.
  18. ^ [3] Final de-escalation zones agreed on in Astana