Turkish months

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The month names in Turkish are derived from three languages: either from Latin, Levantine Arabic (which itself took its names from Hebrew and Aramaic), or from a genuine Turkish word. The Arabic-Hebrew-Aramaic month names themselves originate in the ancient Babylonian calendar, and are therefore akin to the names of months in the Hebrew Calendar, specifically Shevat, Nisan, Tammuz and Elul. The original Babylonian months were actual lunar months, as the Hebrew months of the same names are to this day, much like months in the Islamic calendar. Turkey has used Gregorian AD year numbering officially since 1926, though Gregorian calendar dates were in use since March 1917. The names of the months from February to September had been used in the now abandoned Rumi calendar, with the other four still retaining their old Arabic/Aramaic names. In 1945, these four received names of Turkish origin.

English Turkish Etymology
January ocak Turkish origin, meaning "oven" or "stove". Literal translation of Arabic word "kānūn".[1]
February şubat Arabic origin (Šubāṭ), taken from Aramaic
March mart Latin origin (Martius)
April nisan Arabic origin (Nīsān), taken from Aramaic
May mayıs Latin origin (Maius)
June haziran Arabic origin (Ḥazīrān), taken from Aramaic
July temmuz Arabic origin (Tammūz), taken from Aramaic
August ağustos Latin origin (Augustus)
September eylül Arabic origin (Aylūl), taken from Aramaic
October ekim Turkish origin, meaning "sowing" (of seeds)
November kasım Arabic origin word which is meaning "divider".[2] This word referring to beginning of winter. According to a Turkish weather proverb winter begins on 8 November.
December aralık Turkish origin, meaning "gap"[3]

See also[edit]