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Turkmen or Turkoman or Turkman may refer to:

  • Of or relating to Turkmenistan, a country in Central Asia, specifically:
    • Turkmens, an ethnic group speaking the Turkmen language located in Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, and Iran
    • Turkmen SSR, that country as a constituent republic of the former Soviet Union
    • Turkmen language, the national language of Turkmenistan
  • Iraqi Turkmen, an ethnic minority living in northern Iraq
  • Syrian Turks, an ethnic minority of Oghuz Turkish descent living in Syria
  • Oghuz Turks, a large branch of Turkic peoples
    • Historically, Muslim nomadic Oghuz Turks (the most common usage of the word "Turkmen", in the 10th–18th centuries)
  • Yörüks, a semi-nomadic group in Anatolia often referred to as Turkmen in Turkey
  • Iranian Turkmen, an ethnic minority of Oghuz Turkish descent living in Iran
  • Karapapaks or Terekeme, an ethnic minority living in Turkey, Iran and the South Caucasus
  • Turkoman horse, or Turkmene, an extinct breed of horse from Turkmenistan
  • Turkoman (horse) (born 1982), proper name of an individual thoroughbred race horse
  • A name for a hybrid camel



See also[edit]