Turkmenistani presidential term referendum, 1994

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A referendum on extending President Saparmurat Niyazov's term until 2002 was held in Turkmenistan on 15 January 1994. Niyazov had originally been elected unopposed in 1990, and re-elected unopposed in 1992, winning over 98% of the vote on both occasions.[1] Official results showed that the proposal was approved by 99.9% of voters, with turnout reported to be exactly 100% of the 1,959,637 registered voters.[2]

However, elections were not held in 2002, as Niyazov was declared President for life by the Assembly on 28 December 1999.[3] He subsequently ruled until his death in 2006.


Choice Votes %
For 1,959,408 99.9
Against 212 0.1
Invalid/blank votes 17
Total 1,959,637 100
Source: Nohlen et al.


  1. ^ Dieter Nohlen, Florian Grotz & Christof Hartmann (2001) Elections in Asia: A data handbook, Volume I, pp479-480 ISBN 0-19-924958-X
  2. ^ Nohlen et al., p478
  3. ^ Timeline: Turkmenistan BBC News