Turks in Afghanistan

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Turks in Afghanistan
Uzbek, Turkmen, Persian

Turks in Afghanistan are Turkic people from modern day Afghanistan. The major ethnicities are the Qizilbash, Uzbeks, Kyrgyz and Turkmens. The Qizilbash came to Afghanistan during the rule of Nader Shah Afshar over Afghanistan and since they worked in governmental offices, they remained there after the withdrawal of Nader Afshar and now live in big cities like Kabul, Mazar e Sharif and Kandahar[1]. They used to speak the Azeri version of Turkish but due to the assimilation into the predominantly Persian and Pashtun society currently they speak either Farsi or Pashto[2]. However, Uzbeks and Turkmens have been living in Afghanistan since the third century B.C. They speak the same language as their ethnic equivalents in Central Asia. In addition to that the Kyrgyz people settle the Wakhan Corridor of Afghanistan and are really isolated there. The number of them was 1,130 in 2003, all from eastern Wakhan District[3] in the Badakhshan Province of northeastern Afghanistan.[4] They still lead a nomadic lifestyle and are led by a khan or tekin. Some economic ties exist between Turkey and Uzbek people in Northern-Afghanistan and there are Turkish police trainers in Wardak, in the east of the country.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Project, Joshua. "Qizilbash in Afghanistan". joshuaproject.net. Retrieved 2019-04-24.
  2. ^ Project, Joshua. "Qizilbash in Afghanistan". joshuaproject.net. Retrieved 2019-04-24.
  3. ^ Estrin, James (February 4, 2013). "A Hard Life on the 'Roof of the World'". The New York Times.[verification needed]
  4. ^ "Wak.p65" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-02-28.[verification needed]