Turner (surname)

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Turner
Sandakan Sabah Plywood-Factory-23.jpg
A woman working a modern lathe
Origin
Region of originFrance, England
Word/NameMiddle English
Derivation"one who works a lathe"
Other names
Variant(s)Turnor, Thurner, Tourner, Tournor
Footnotes: [1]

Turner is a common surname originating from Normandy, France, arriving in England after the Norman conquest with the earliest known records dated in the 12th century. It is the 28th-most common surname in the United Kingdom.[1][2]

Most often it derives from an occupational name applied to a maker of small objects out of wood, metal or bone, by turning on a lathe (from Old French tornier, "lathe", ultimately from Latin).[3] In this sense it is analogous to the German surnames Drexel and Dreyer, Polish Tokarz, and related to English surnames such as Potter and Crocker.[4][5] Other occasional origins include Old French tournoieur, referring to someone either in charge of, or who participates in a tournament, and Turnhare, referring to a fast runner (one who can outrun a hare).[6]

Early recordings of this surname include Ralph le Turner in the late 12th century. The earliest recorded spelling of this family name dates from 1180 for "Warner le Turnur".[1]

List of people with surname Turner[edit]

Common combinations of given name and surname "Turner"[edit]

These links lead to disambiguation pages

Less common first names[edit]

Fictional characters[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Last name: Turner". SurnameDB: The Internet Surname Database. Retrieved 28 August 2018.
  2. ^ Percy Hide Reaney; Richard Middlewood Wilson (1991). "Turner, Turnor". A Dictionary of English Surnames (Third ed.). London & New York: Routledge. p. 3188. ISBN 9780415057370. Retrieved 28 August 2018.
  3. ^ Powell, Kimberly. "Turner – Name Meaning and Origin". ThoughtCo. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  4. ^ Elsdon Coles Smith (1986). American Surnames. Genealogical Publishing Com. p. 327. ISBN 978-0-8063-1150-0.
  5. ^ Patrick Hanks (8 May 2003). Dictionary of American Family Names. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-977169-1.
  6. ^ William Alexander Francis Browne; Percy Hide Reaney; Richard Middlewood Wilson (1991). A Dictionary of English Surnames. Psychology Press. p. 3188. ISBN 978-0-415-05737-0.