Turner Broadcasting System
Aerial view of the CNN Center, which houses the headquarters of Turner Broadcasting System
|Subsidiary of Time Warner|
|Predecessor||Turner Communications Group|
|Headquarters||CNN Center, Atlanta, United States|
|John K. Martin (CEO & Chairman)
David Levy (President)
|Divisions||Turner Broadcasting System Europe
Turner Broadcasting System Asia Pacific
Turner Broadcasting System Latin America
|Subsidiaries||Turner Entertainment Co.
Cartoon Network Studios
Cartoon Network Development Studio Europe
Williams Street Productions
Turner Private Networks
Turner Broadcasting System, Inc. (often abbreviated Turner Broadcasting, TBS, Inc. or simply Turner) is an American media conglomerate and subsidiary of Time Warner, managing the collection of cable networks and properties initiated or acquired by Robert Edward "Ted" Turner starting during the 1970s. TBS, Inc. merged with Time Warner on October 10, 1996, and now operates as a semi-autonomous unit of Time Warner.
The current chairman and CEO of Turner Broadcasting is John K. Martin. The Turner properties are located in both the CNN Center in Downtown Atlanta and the Turner Broadcasting campus off Techwood Drive in Midtown Atlanta, which also houses Turner Studios. Across Interstate 75/85 from the Techwood campus is the original home of Turner's WTBS superstation (now separated into the TBS cable network and Peachtree TV), which today houses Adult Swim, Williams Street Productions and Williams Street West.
- 1 History
- 2 Channels
- 2.1 U.S. domestic
- 2.2 International
- 3 Former assets
- 4 See also
- 5 References
- 6 External links
In 1970, Ted Turner, then owner of a successful Atlanta-based outdoor advertising company, purchased WJRJ-Atlanta, Channel 17, a small, struggling Ultra High Frequency station, and renamed it WTCG, for parent company Turner Communications Group. By careful programming acquisitions, Turner guided the station to success. During December 1976, WTCG originated the "superstation" concept, transmitting via satellite to cable systems, and it was originally owned by Warner Communications until Warner formed a joint venture with American Express called Warner-Amex Satellite Entertainment in 1975.
On December 17, 1976 at 1:00PM, WTCG Channel 17's signal was beamed via satellite to its four cable systems in Grand Island, Nebraska; Newport News, Virginia; Troy, Alabama; and Newton, Kansas. All four cable systems started receiving the sleepy 1948 Dana Andrews - Cesar Romero film Deep Waters already in progress. The movie had started 30 minutes earlier. WTCG went from being a little television station no one was watching to a major TV network that every one of the 24,000 households outside of the 675,000 in Atlanta was receiving coast-to-coast. WTCG became a so-called Superstation and created a precedent of today's basic cable television.
HBO had gone to satellite transmissions to distribute its signal nationally in 1975, but that was a service cable subscribers were made to pay extra to receive. Ted Turner's innovation signaled the start of the basic cable revolution.
In 1979, the company changed its name to Turner Broadcasting System, Inc. (TBS, Inc.) and the call letters of its main entertainment channel to WTBS, now TBS.
On June 1, 1980, CNN was launched at 17:00 EST becoming the first 24-hour news cable channel. The husband and wife team of Dave Walker and Lois Hart news anchored the first newscast, Burt Reinhardt the then executive vice president of CNN, hired most of CNN's first 200 employees & 25-member staff including Bernard Shaw, the network's first news anchor.
In 1986, after a failed attempt to acquire CBS, Turner purchased the film studio MGM/UA Entertainment Co. from Kirk Kerkorian for $1.5 billion. Following the acquisition, Turner had an enormous debt and sold parts of the acquisition. MGM/UA Entertainment was sold back to Kirk Kerkorian. The MGM/UA Studio lot in Culver City was sold to Lorimar/Telepictures. Turner kept MGM's pre-May 1986 and pre-merger film and TV library, which included nearly all of MGM's material made before the merger, and a small portion of United Artists' film and TV properties which included few UA pictures, the TV series Gilligan's Island (as well as its animated spin-offs), the U.S. and Canadian distribution rights to the RKO Radio Pictures library, and the pre-1950 Warner Bros. library and the Fleischer Studios/Famous Studios Popeye cartoons that both were once the property of Associated Artists Productions, which merged with United Artists Television in 1958. Turner Entertainment Co. is founded on August 4, 1986.
On October 3, 1988, the company launched Turner Network Television (TNT).
Turner expanded its presence in movie production and distribution, first with the 1991 purchase of the Hanna-Barbera animation studio. On December 22, 1993, Turner acquired Castle Rock Entertainment. Turner purchased New Line Cinema a month later.
On October 10, 1996, Turner merged with Time Warner.
In 2003, Philip I. Kent succeeded Jamie Kellner as chairman. Operational duties for The WB were transferred by Time Warner from Warner Bros. to Turner Broadcasting during 2001, while Kellner was chairman, but were returned to Warner Bros. in 2003 with the departure of Kellner.
On February 23, 2006, the company agreed to sell the regional entertainment channel Turner South to Fox Entertainment Group. Fox assumed control of the channel on May 1, and on October 13 relaunched it as SportSouth - coincidentally, the former name of Fox Sports South when Turner owned this channel in partnership with Liberty Media between 1990 and 1996.
In May 2006 Time Warner, which had owned 50% of Court TV since 1998, purchased the remaining 50% from Liberty Media and began running the channel as part of Turner Broadcasting. The channel was relaunched as TruTV on January 1, 2008.
Also in May 2006, Ted Turner attended his last meeting as a board member of Time Warner and officially parted with the company.
On August 26, 2010 Turner Broadcasting took full control of Chilevisión, a TV channel owned by Chile's President Sebastián Piñera.
On January 1, 2014, John K. Martin succeeded Phil Kent as chairman and CEO of Turner Broadcasting.
On August 26, 2014, it was reported that Turner Broadcasting was preparing to fire 550 people before an NBA rights deal. It was further reported in October 2014 that the company planned to reduce its workforce by 10% (1,475 people) through layoffs across a wide set of units including corporate positions.
Animation, Young Adults & Kids Media
The channels in Latin America are controlled by Turner Broadcasting System Latin America, headquartered in Atlanta. It broadcasts Latin American versions of U.S. channels, and also channels that are exclusive for the region. TBS LA also handles advertising sales for Warner Channel (owned by fellow Time Warner division Warner Bros. Entertainment) and for the Brazilian action sports channel Woohoo.
- Chilevisión (Free to air)
News and Information
- CNN en Español
- CNN en Español Pan-regional
- CNN en Español Venezuela
- CNN en Español México
- CNN Chile
- CNN-IBN (jointly owned by TV18)
- CNN Indonesia (co-owned by Trans Media)
- CNN International
- CNN International Latin America
- CNN International USA
- CNN International Southeast Asia
- CNN International Asia Pacific
- CNN International Europe (Europe, Middle East and Africa)
- CNN International HD (Asia Only)
- CNN Philippines (co-owned with Nine Media Corporation and Radio Philippines Network through a brand licensing agreement)
- CNN Türk (co-owned with Doğan Media Group)
- CNN HD (USA)
Kids and Teens
- Boomerang Pan-regional
- Boomerang México
- Boomerang Brasil
- Boomerang Australia
- Boomerang Deutschland
- Boomerang Nederland (Audio option Dutch)
- Boomerang Africa
- Boomerang Central, Southeast Europe and Russia (Audio option in English, Romanian, Hungarian, Bulgarian and Russian)
- Boomerang France
- Boomerang Italia
- Boomerang Nordic
- Boomerang UK & Ireland
- Boomerang Southeast Asia (Multiaudio option)
- Cartoon Network Latin America
- Cartoon Network Pan-regional
- Cartoon Network México
- Cartoon Network Brasil
- Cartoon Network Poland
- Cartoon Network Hungary
- Cartoon Network Nordic (Sweden, Norway, Danmark and Finland)
- Cartoon Network Italia
- Cartoon Network Nederland
- Cartoon Network Türkiye
- Cartoon Network Pakistan
- Cartoon Network France
- Cartoon Network Canada
- Cartoon Network Australia
- Cartoon Network India
- Cartoon Network UK & Ireland
- Cartoon Network Japan
- Cartoon Network Taiwan
- Cartoon Network Russia and Southeast Europe
- Cartoon Network Africa
- Cartoon Network Arabiya (In Arabic)
- Cartoon Network Deutschland
- Cartoon Network Korea
- Cartoon Network Southeast Asia
- Tooncast (Latin America)
- Tooncast Pan-regional
- Tooncast Brasil
- Pogo (India)
- Glitz* Pan-regional (Cisneros TV)
- Glitz* Brasil
- TNT Glitz (previously Glitz*, Germany)
- TruTV Latin America (Also in High Definition)
- TruTV Pan-regional
- TruTV Brasil
- TruTV Southeast Asia
- TABI Channel (Japan)
- MONDO TV (Japan)
- TNT Series (Previously INFINITO, Latin America)
- TNT (Also in High Definition)
- TNT México
- TNT Brasil
- TNT Argentina (Argentina, Uruguay and Paraguay)
- TNT Chile & South American countries
- TNT Colombia
- TNT Panama & Central American countries
- TNT Serie (Germany and Latin America)
- TNT Film (Germany)
- TNT Nordic
- I-Sat (Latin America)
- I-SAT Pan-regional
- I-SAT Argentina
- I-SAT Brasil
- Space (Latin America, Also in High Definition)
- Space Pan-regional
- Space Argentina
- Space Brasil
- TCM Classic Entertainment (Latin America)
- TCM Pan-regional
- TCM Argentina
- TCM Brasil
- TCM Nordic (Sweden, Norway, Danmark and Finland)
- TCM Central, Southeast Europe and Russia
- TCM UK
- TCM Middle East and Africa
- TCM Spain
- TCM Cinema (France)
- TCM Europe (Nederland)
- TCM South East Asia
- TBS Very Funny (Latinamerica)
- TBS Pan-regional
- TBS Argentina
- TBS Brasil
- HBO Latinamerica (HBO, HBO2, HBO Plus East and West, HBO Family, HBO Signature, Max East, Max West, Maxprime East, Maxprime West, Max UP HD)
- HBO Asia (HBO Asia, HBO Hits, HBO Family, Cinemax and Red Screen)
- HBO India
- HBO Pakistan
- Warner TV South East Asia
- Warner TV India
- Warner TV Pakistan
- Warner Channel Latin America
- Woohoo (Brazil)
- Esporte Interativo (Brazil)
- Esporte Interativo Nordeste (Brazil)
- Esporte Interativo Plus (Brazil) - Only Web
- CNN Chile, a joint-venture between Turner Latin América and VTR Globalcom that is only aired in Chile.
- CNN IBN, a joint-venture between Turner, TV18 and Global Broadcast News that is only aired in India.
- CNN Türk, owned by Doğan Medya Grubu that is only aired in Turkey.
- CNN+, a joint-venture between Turner (50%) and Sogecable that is only aired in Spain, closed down in late 2010.
- CETV (36%, joint venture with TOM Group)
- QTV (50%, joint venture with IS Plus, an affiliate of JoongAng Ilbo) (South Korea)
- Showtime Scandinavia through Turner NonStop Television in the Scandinavian countries.
- Silver (TV channel), independent and international movies, through Turner NonStop Television in the Scandinavian countries.
- Star, showbiz news programming, through Turner NonStop Television in the Scandinavian countries.
- Boing (51% Mediaset, 49% Turner Broadcasting System, Italy)
- Boomerang UK, various Boomerang channels around Europe
- Boing (Italy) (Mediaset 51% and Turner 49%)
- Lumiere Movies : 92%
- Atlanta Braves — An MLB franchise (Now owned by Liberty Media)
- Atlanta Hawks — An NBA franchise (Now owned by Atlanta Spirit)
- Atlanta Thrashers — An NHL franchise (now owned by True North Sports & Entertainment as the Winnipeg Jets)
- Cable Music Channel — A defunct television channel
- Castle Rock Entertainment — A film production company*
- CNNfn — A defunct television channel
- CNNSI — A defunct television channel
- Hanna-Barbera Productions — An animation studio*
- SportSouth — A regional sports network (Now owned by 21st Century Fox as Fox Sports South)
- New Line Cinema — A film production company*
- New Line Television — A television production arm of New Line Productions*
- Turner Publishing — A book publisher
- Turner Entertainment Co. — A film holding company*
- Turner Pictures — An original in-house programming*
- Turner Pictures Worldwide Distribution — An international distribution sales unit*
- Turner Feature Animation — An animation unit*
- Turner Home Entertainment — A home video distributor (Merged into Warner Home Video)
- Turner Program Services — A former syndication arm, merged into Time Warnerʻs Telepictures Productions
- Turner South — A regional television channel (Now owned by Fox Sports Networks as SportsSouth)
- Universal Wrestling Corporation - A professional wrestling promotion formerly known as World Championship Wrestling. Currently a non-operational company, select assets are now owned by WWE, Inc. through WCW, Inc.
* Now owned or absorbed by sister company, Warner Bros.
- Nellie Andreeva. "David Levy Upped To President Of Turner Broadcasting System". Deadline. Retrieved 20 June 2015.
- "JOHN MARTIN BIO". Turner.
- "Contact Us." Turner Broadcasting System.
- "Faberge Sells Brut's Assets". http://www.nytimes.com. New York Times. Retrieved 27 November 2014.
- You Must Remember This: The Warner Bros. Story, (2008) p. 255.
- WB retained a pair of features from 1949 that they merely distributed, and all short subjects released on or after September 1, 1948; in addition to all cartoons released in August 1948.
- Lippman, John (October 30, 1991). "Turner Is Buying Hanna-Barbera Film Library". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 8, 2010.
- Harris, Kathryn (August 7, 1993). "New Line Cinema holding merger talks with Turner".
- Citron, Alan (August 18, 1993). "Turner gets nod to buy New Line and Castle Rock".
-  Turner Broadcasting Company Report. Securities and Exchange Commission, Washington, D.C.
- "Turner Broadcasting System, Inc. to Acquire Claxson Interactive Pay Television Networks in Latin America". Retrieved 20 June 2015.
- "Turner Broadcasting System, Inc. to Acquire Chilevisión". Retrieved 20 June 2015.
- Turner, Mimi (8 September 2011). "'Lazytown' Founder Sells To Turner Broadcasting For $25 Million". The Hollywood Reporter.
- "Turner". John Martin Bio.
- "Report: Turner to fire 550 people in advance of rising NBA rights deal". CBS Sports. Retrieved August 26, 2014.
- Friedman, Wayne (October 6, 2014). "Turner Broadcasting To Cut 10% Of Workforce". MediaDailyNews (New York: MediaPost Communications).
- "Turner Publishing".
- "WCW: How It Died, and How WWE and Vince McMahon Made Sure It Never Rose Again". Bleacher Report.