Turner Suspension Bicycles, Inc is an Americanbicycle frame manufacturer, based in Murrieta, California, specializing in full suspension mountain bikes. Turner Bikes was founded in 1994 by David Turner, a former professional mountain bike rider who had ridden for the Marin and Mongoose teams, amongst others. Turner had also worked with Horst Leitner at AMP Research whilst Horst developed the Horst Link suspension design.
The first 150 production Turner mountain bike frames were built by Ventana Mountain Bikes USA. These bikes were known only as "the Turner bike" until reviewed by the magazine Mountain Bike Action, whichdubbed it the "Turner Burner". This name would be applied to many of Turner's future designs. The Burner had 2.75” inches rear suspension travel with a down hill race option of 3.6 inches.
Production was moved to Sportech. With this move came several improvements to the design of the Burner, including a single machined block to support the bottom bracket, rear shock mount and chainstay swing-arm pivot.
The Turner Afterburner started production; it was Turner's first downhill specific frame, had 3.6" of rear wheel travel and was identified by the large plate gussets on the front.
Turner's one-off tandem, the "Twin Burner", was produced.
Reflecting the rapid change in mountain biking, the Afterburner was re-designed to have 6" of rear wheel travel. There were now large holes in the plate gussets.
Thomas Misser, riding a Kona stickered Turner Afterburner, achieved multiple wins and podium places in UCI World Cup races. A limited number of Turner Afterburners were sold by Kona as "Misser replicas".
The Turner 5-spot is introduced. It soon became Turner’s best selling frame to date.
The DHR receives its make-over: A 12mm rear end and the linkage is altered giving the bike more travel.
Eric Carter debuted his custom 'Mongoose Stickered' DHR and took the NORBA National Downhill Championship title. He then rode his custom 'one-off' DHR/Rail combination to the UCI World Cup 4-cross Champion Gold Medal and also the NORBA National Mountain-cross Series Championship title.
Production moved to SAPA, who manufactures the entire Turner range with both in-house tubesets and US-made tubesets sourced externally.
Geoff Kabush rode his Turner Nitrous to NORBA championships in both the Elite Men's XC and the Short Track.
Eric Carter rode his custom 'Mongoose' Turner to the UCI World Cup 4-cross Champion Gold Medal and the NORBA National Mountain-cross Series Championship title.
The Turner DHR was remodeled with 8.5" of travel, 20mm dropouts on the rear with a 12mm axle, and a 1.5" headtube. Gone were the "classic" twin toptube and rounded downtube, to be replaced with box section tubing.
The Turner Burner won "The Best Full-Suspension XC Bike of the year" Riders Award on mtbr.com.
The Turner 5.Spot won "The Best Full-Suspension Freeride Bike of the year" Riders Award on mtbr.com.
Citing an increasingly difficult relationship with the license holders, Turner abandoned the use of the Horst Link on his designs. Turner adopted a similar seat stay single pivot design, with positive feedback from the cycling community. It was dubbed the TNT.
Geoff Kabush broke the all-time NORBA short track win record and took the championship.
The Turner Sultan, Turner's first 29-inch wheel mountain bike, debuted at Interbike 06.