Turney W. Leonard
|Turney White Leonard|
Drawing of Turney White Leonard and a specimen Medal of Honor on display at Texas A&M University
June 18, 1921|
|Died||November 6, 1944
|Place of burial||Grove Hill Memorial Park, Dallas, Texas (Coordinates: )|
||United States Army|
|Years of service||1942 - 1944|
|Unit||893rd Tank Destroyer Battalion|
|Battles/wars||World War II
• Battle of Hürtgen Forest
|Awards||Medal of Honor|
A native of Dallas, Texas, Leonard graduated from Dallas Technical High formerly Dallas High School, then Texas A&M University in 1942 with a bachelor's degree in agriculture. Commissioned in 1942 via the ROTC program at Texas A&M, Leonard was serving as a platoon leader in Company C, 893rd Tank Destroyer Battalion, which was attached in October 1944 to support the 112th Infantry Regiment of the 28th Infantry Division during that unit's assault on the Siegfried Line through the Hürtgen Forest area along the German-Belgian border.
Between 4–6 November 1944, Leonard's company was heavily engaged in the fighting in and around the village of Kommerscheidt west of Schmidt. Throughout the three days, he repeatedly exposed himself to hostile fire. When all officers of the infantry unit his platoon was supporting became incapacitated, Leonard assumed command. Already seriously wounded in the arm on the first day, he refused medical evacuation to remain with his troops. On 6 November, a mortar round severed the remainder of his arm, and forced him to report to the aid station. Leonard was left behind with the other seriously wounded in the hopes that the Germans, who were about to overrun the American positions, would provide medical care, but he ordered the medic to place him in a concealed foxhole with a weapon, explaining that he did not want to be taken prisoner. His remains were found after the War in a field grave dug by the Germans. On 1 September 1945, Leonard posthumously received the Medal of Honor.
Medal of Honor citation
He displayed extraordinary heroism while commanding a platoon of mobile weapons at Kommerscheidt, Germany, on 4, 5, and 6 November 1944. During the fierce 3-day engagement, he repeatedly braved overwhelming enemy fire in advance of his platoon to direct the fire of his tank destroyer from exposed, dismounted positions. He went on lone reconnaissance missions to discover what opposition his men faced, and on 1 occasion, when fired upon by a hostile machinegun, advanced alone and eliminated the enemy emplacement with a hand grenade. When a strong German attack threatened to overrun friendly positions, he moved through withering artillery, mortar, and small arms fire, reorganized confused infantry units whose leaders had become casualties, and exhorted them to hold firm. Although wounded early in battle, he continued to direct fire from his advanced position until he was disabled by a high-explosive shell which shattered his arm, forcing him to withdraw. He was last seen at a medical aid station which was subsequently captured by the enemy. By his superb courage, inspiring leadership, and indomitable fighting spirit, 1st Lt. Leonard enabled our forces to hold off the enemy attack and was personally responsible for the direction of fire which destroyed 6 German tanks.
- This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Army Center of Military History.
- ""Medal of Honor recipients - World War II (G–L)"". United States Army Center of Military History. Retrieved October 5, 2010.
- ""Corps Hall of Honor To Induct Seven" Texas A&M University".[permanent dead link]
- ""Turney W. Leonard" Texas State Historical Association". Retrieved October 5, 2010.
- ""Aggie Ring Returns Home After More Than 50 Years" Texas A&M University".[permanent dead link]
- ""Memorial Student Center" Texas A&M University". Archived from the original on 2011-07-19.
- "Turney W. Leonard". Claim to Fame: Medal of Honor recipients. Find a Grave. Retrieved September 2, 2010.