|Scientific term||Brassica rapa rapa||Brassica napus or B. napobrassica||Pachyrhizus|
|Southern England, most Commonwealth countries||turnip||swede (from "swedish turnip")||yam|
|Scotland, Ireland, the Isle of Man, and parts of Northern England||swede or white turnip||turnip, yellow turnip or "neep"||yam|
|United States||turnip||rutabaga or yellow turnip||jicama|
|Malaysia, Singapore, and Philippines||turnip|
|also called||white turnip or summer turnip||yellow turnip or winter turnip||sweet turnip|
Brassica napus and B. napobrassica are called swedes (a shortening of Swedish turnip) in England, especially in the South, and in most dialects of the Commonwealth. Rutabaga, from the Swedish rotabagga, for "root bag" is mostly used in North America, in the United States and Canada. The rutabaga or swede differs from the turnip (Brassica rapa) in that it is typically larger and yellow-orange rather than white.
However, in some dialects of British English the two vegetables have overlapping or reversed names. In the north of England and Scotland, the larger, yellow rutabagas are called neeps or turnips from folk etymology, while the smaller white turnips are called swedes.
|Look up turnip in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|