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Turnover or turn over may refer to:


  • Turnover (basketball), when a player loses possession of the ball resulting from a steal, going out of bounds, committing a violation, or committing an offensive foul
  • Turnover (gridiron football), in American and Canadian football when the offense loses possession of the football because of a fumble, interception, or on downs
  • Turnover (rugby league), when a team loses possession or at the end of a team's six tackles
  • Turnover (rugby union), when a team loses possession in a ruck or a maul


  • Turnover (employment), relative rate at which an employer gains and loses staff
  • Asset turnover, financial ratio that measures the efficiency of a company's use of its assets in generating sales revenue
  • Inventory turnover, measure of the number of times inventory is sold or used in a time period
  • Turnover tax, an indirect tax similar to a sales tax or a VAT
  • Customer attrition, the rate at which a business loses customers, sometimes called the churn
  • Revenue, income that a company receives from its normal business activities


Other uses[edit]

  • Turnover (food), a type of pastry made by placing a filling on a piece of dough, folding the dough over, and sealing it
  • Cell turnover, the replacement of old cells with newly generated ones
  • Lake turnover, when the waters in a lake ecosystem begin to mix again to create a uniform temperature
  • Population turnover, measure of gross moves in relation to the size of a population
  • Substance turnover, biogeochemical cycle, a pathway by which a chemical substance moves through both biotic (biosphere) and abiotic (lithosphere, atmosphere, and hydrosphere) compartments
  • Turnover number, the number of moles of substrate that a mole of catalyst can convert before becoming inactivated
  • Turnover, a Japanese manga and animated short animated by Studio 4°C

See also[edit]