Turones

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Turones coinage, 5th-1st century BCE
A map of Gaul in the 1st century BCE, showing the relative positions of the Celtic tribes

The Turones were a Celtic tribe of pre-Roman Gaul. The Touraine is named after them,[1] as is the capital of said ancient province, Tours.[2]

Their territory spanned the actual departement of Indre-et-Loire, and parts of the Indre and Vienne departments. The principal city of the Turones' territory was Caesarodunum,[3] the modern city of Tours. Before the Roman conquest, the main oppidum of the tribe was probably the oppidum of Fondettes,[4] or maybe the one which was found behind the Amboise Castle, called Oppidum des Châtelliers.[5]

The ancient records of Britain, cited by Geoffrey of Monmouth, Nennius, and the anonymous author of Jesus College MS LXI, attribute the name to Turnus, a nephew of Brutus of Troy who was buried there after dying in battle protecting the Britons from King Goffar of Aquitaine and the Poitevins.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rice, Jason (August 2011). Kingdoms of Legend: Knights of France. Interaction Point Games. p. 30. ISBN 9781936326112.
  2. ^ Scott, John C. (2011-03-24). Battle of Tours. eBookIt.com. p. 10. ISBN 9781456601485.
  3. ^ Brooke, Anna E.; Jordi, Nathalie; Sommer, Lauren; Sussman, Anna (2007-06-05). MTV France. John Wiley & Sons. p. 149. ISBN 9780764587702.
  4. ^ Ancient Society (in French). Katholieke Universiteit te Leuven. 1970. p. 158.
  5. ^ Adolph, Anthony (2015-11-30). Brutus of Troy: And the Quest for the Ancestry of the British. Pen and Sword. p. 80. ISBN 9781473849204.
  6. ^ Chronicle of the Early Britons