Sydney, New South Wales
Hillview guesthouse, part of the heritage-listed Hillview estate which later became the Hillview Community Health Centre
|Population||11,083 (2011 census)|
|• Density||1,808.0/km2 (4,683/sq mi)|
|Area||6.13 km2 (2.4 sq mi)|
|Location||17 km (11 mi) north of Sydney|
|State electorate(s)||Ku-ring-gai, Davidson|
Turramurra is a suburb on the Upper North Shore of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. It is located 17 kilometres (11 mi) north of the Sydney central business district, in the local government area of Ku-ring-gai Council. It shares the postcode of 2074 with the adjacent suburbs of North Turramurra and South Turramurra.
Turramurra is an Aboriginal word which is thought to mean either high hill, big hill, high place, or small watercourse. The aboriginal reference of high hill covered the range from Pymble to Turramurra. Early European settlers referred to the area as Eastern Road.
The name Turramurra was adopted when the railway station was built in 1890.
One of the early local landmarks was Ingleholme, a two-storey Federation home in Boomerang Street. It was designed by John Sulman (1849–1934) as his own home and built circa 1896. The house was part of the Presbyterian Ladies College (now the Pymble Ladies' College) until 1977 and is now on the Register of the National Estate. It is notable as an example of John Sulman's style.
Turramurra Post Office opened on 16 August 1890.
St Andrew's in Kissing Point Road is an example of the Federation Carpenter Gothic style. In 1932, Lewy Pattinson, founder of Washington H. Soul Pattinson, gave the Presbyterian Church in NSW the land for Mission Hall, at what is now 106 Kissing Point Road. In 1936, ownership was transferred by Pattinson to St Margaret's Presbyterian Church, Turramurra.
A Turramurra East Post Office opened on 1 May 1959 and closed in 1993. The Turramurra North Post Office opened on 1 September 1953.
The Hillview estate, situated on the Pacific Highway, started circa 1890 with a modest Federation cottage facing the highway. Later, the owner realized the commercial potential of the site, with its sweeping views, and built a grand, two-storey Federation home at the rear, to be used as a guesthouse, circa 1913. A large, six-car garage with a dwelling above it was added at the western end of the site in 1915. The estate was later leased out to Ku Ring Gai Hospital, Hornsby, to be used as the Hillview Community Health Centre. The entire estate is heritage-listed.
The Pacific Highway (A1) is a major arterial road in Turramurra. Turramurra railway station is on the North Shore, Northern & Western Line of the Sydney Trains network. Transdev NSW buses run services from the railway station to local residential areas.
The largest commercial area in Turramurra is located along the Pacific Highway and Rohini Street, beside Turramurra railway station. This shopping precinct includes real-estate agents, fruit-markets, banks, bakeries and a petrol station. There are two supermarkets in this vicinity. An IGA supermarket is located in Turramurra Plaza with other shops, such as shoe-repairs, a fruit shop and a newsagent. A Coles supermarket is located behind Turramurra Station, on Ray Street, near the public library.
Princes Street shops are located in East Turramurra, on the corner of Princes Street and Bannockburn Road, near to Pymble Public School. Princes Street shops include a fine wine store, veterinary hospital, gift shop, delicatessen, butcher and grocer. Street renovations were completed in late 2013 and opened by Ku Ring Gai Mayor Jennifer Anderson during the annual community fair.
Turramurra is a hilly suburb approximately 170 metres above sea level. On the south-eastern boundary, bordering with Pymble is Sheldon Forest, which has some of the best preserved examples of blue gums and turpentine high forest.
North Turramurra is a separate suburb, north of Burns Road. Bobbin Head Road runs in a north-south direction through North Turramurra and then into the Ku-ring-gai National Park. The North Turramurra shops are located next to North Turramurra Public School. Further north are Ku-ring-gai Chase National Park and Ku-ring-gai Creative Arts High School.
South Turramurra is a separate suburb, south of the Commenarra Parkway and centred on Kissing Point Road. South Turramurra is bordered by Lane Cove National Park start of the Great North Walk. Turramurra High School is in South Turramurra.
East Turramurra is an unofficial urban locality of Turramurra. It is situated in the area of Turramurra east of Bobbin Head Road. It has a small shopping area called Princes Street shops.
Sport and recreation
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Ku-ring-gai Council has several sporting fields in the area, including a large tennis and netball facility at the end of Canoon Road and Kent Oval which has children's play equipment and tennis courts. Tennis courts and a basketball court are located at Hamilton Park. Irish Town Grove is a pleasant park located behind Princes Street shops in East Turramurra.
Comenarra Park on the Comenarra Parkway has cricket and a soccer field. It also has bushwalking tracks leading into the Lane Cove National Park.
Scouting groups in Turramurra take part in a range of outdoor, social and community service activities. 1st Turramurra Scout Group has active programs for boys and girls aged from 8-11 (Cub Scouts), 11-15 (Scouts) through to young men and women 15-17 (Venturer Scouts) and 18-25 (Rovers). Kissing Point Rover Crew is also based in Turramurra.
- Age distribution: The median age was 42 years, compared to the national median of 37 years. Children aged under 15 years made up 20.4% of the population (national average is 19.3%) and people aged 65 years and over made up 17.5% of the population (national average is 14.0%).
- Ethnic diversity : 64.2% were born in Australia, compared to the national average of 70%; the next most common countries of birth were England 7.0%, South Africa 2.8%, China 2.6%, New Zealand 2.1% and Korea 1.7%. At home, 78.6% of residents only spoke English; the next most common languages spoken at home were Cantonese 3.3%, Mandarin 3.2%, and Korean 2.1%.
- Finances: The median household weekly income was $2,293, compared to the national median of $1,234. This difference is also reflected in real estate, with the median mortgage payment being $3,000 per month, compared to the national median of $1,800.
- Transport: On the day of the Census, 25.7% of employed people traveled to work on public transport, and 51.3% by car (either as driver or as passenger).
- Housing: The great majority (82.1%) of occupied private dwellings were separate houses, 13.5% were flats, units or apartments, and 4.2% were semi-detached. The average household size was 2.8 people.
- Brett Beyer, Olympic sailing coach
- Eric Campbell, Leader of the New Guard lived at Boongala, 28 Ku-ring-gai Avenue
- Grace Cossington Smith 20th-century Australian painter lived in Ku-ring-gai Avenue, Turramurra most of her life
- Shane Gould, gold medallist swimmer at 1972 Summer Olympics (Munich), attended Turramurra High School
- Stuart Inder, journalist, editor and specialist in Pacific Islands affairs
- Kamahl, singer
- John Kerr, Governor-General of Australia, lived on the corner of Kissing Point Road and Catalpa Crescent for part of his life
- Gretel Killeen, host of Big Brother Australia and author, was born in the suburb and spent some of her childhood at 24 Fairlawn Avenue
- Chris Lilley, actor and comedian (Summer Heights High), grew up there
- Gail Neall gold medallist swimmer at 1972 Summer Olympics (Munich), attended Turramurra High School
- Barry O'Farrell, Premier of New South Wales 2011-14, has lived with his family in Turramurra since 2011 or 2012. As a member of parliament, he has represented the electoral district of Ku-ring-gai, including Turramurra
- Leslie Alfred Redgrave, author of the 1913 novel Gwen: a romance of Australian station life and proprietor headmaster of Highfield College at 51 Ku-ring-gai Avenue, Turramurra, from 1907 until 1915.
- Frank Riethmuller, German–Australian rose-breeder, boarded for seven years at "Wychwood" in Ku-Ring-Gai Avenue, in 1937 made a house and garden containing many original roses at 21 Eastern Road. Died in 1965
- Tony Roche, former coach of world number-one tennis player, Roger Federer
- Ken Rosewall, tennis great, became a resident in 1960
- George Szekeres, mathematician
- Barrie Unsworth, Premier of New South Wales 1986–88, lived in Geoffrey Street
- Prof Sir Brian Wellingham Windeyer (1904-1994), born in Turramurra; Professor of Therapeutic Radiology at Middlesex Hospital Medical School, University of London 1942-69; Vice-Chancellor, University of London (1969–72)
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Turramurra (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 November 2012.
- "Turramurra". Kur-ing-gai Historical Society. Retrieved 9 September 2013.
- McCarthy; 1963, cited in "Turramurra". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. Retrieved 22 January 2015.
- Cook, Kerrin Margaret (1991). The railway came to Ku Ring gai. Genlin Investments. ISBN 064605113X.
- The Heritage of Australia, Macmillan Company, 1981, p.2/33
- Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 16 June 2012.
- "St Andrews Uniting Church, S Turramurra / History of St Andrews". pbworks.com.
- "North Turramurra". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. Retrieved 22 January 2015.
- "South Turramurra". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. Retrieved 22 January 2015.
- "Hillview Garages & Precincts". nsw.gov.au.
- State Heritage Register
- Bureau of Meteorology. "Extremes in 2007". Commonwealth of Australia. Retrieved 22 January 2015.
- Bureau of Meteorology. "Extremes in 2008". Commonwealth of Australia. Retrieved 22 January 2015.
- Bureau of Meteorology. "Extremes in 2010". Commonwealth of Australia. Retrieved 22 January 2015.
- Bureau of Meteorology. "Extremes in 2011". Commonwealth of Australia. Retrieved 22 January 2015.
- Bureau of Meteorology. "Extremes in 2012". Commonwealth of Australia. Retrieved 22 January 2015.
- Bureau of Meteorology. "Extremes in 2014". Commonwealth of Australia. Retrieved 22 January 2015.
- "Biography - Eric Campbell - Australian Dictionary of Biography". anu.edu.au.
- "Stuart Gerald Inder obituary". Sydney Morning Herald. 2015-02-05. Retrieved 2015-03-01.
- "Ku-ring-gai - NSW Votes 2011". ABC News. Archived from the original on 18 February 2012.
- Marr, David (29 August 2009). "Out of the ordinary". Brisbane Times. Fairfax Media. Retrieved 2013-01-11.
- Nicholls, Sean (24 March 2012). "Out of the ordinary". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 2013-01-11.
- National Library of Australia Retrieved 30 April 2014
- "SOCIAL ITEMS.". The Evening News (Sydney: National Library of Australia). 26 December 1908. p. 14. Retrieved 30 April 2014.
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