Turton Urban District

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Turton Urban District
Turton Tower.jpg
Area
 • 1911 17,335 acres (70.15 km2)[1]
 • 1961 17,334 acres (70.15 km2)[1]
Area transferred
 • 1898 Belmont, Bradshaw, Edgworth, Entwistle, Harwood, Longworth, and Quarlton from Bolton Rural District
Population
 • 1891 6,354
 • 1971 21,553
History
 • Created 1873
 • Abolished 1974
 • Succeeded by North Turton, South Turton
Status
 • HQ Turton Tower

Turton was, from 1873 to 1974, a local government district centred on the historical area of Turton in the administrative county of Lancashire, England.

History[edit]

Background[edit]

Turton was a township and chapelry of the civil and ecclesiastical parish of Bolton le Moors in the Salford Hundred of Lancashire.[2] In 1837, Turton became part of the Bolton Poor Law Union which took responsibility for funding the Poor Law within that Union area.[3] In 1866, Turton was given the status of a civil parish.[4]

Formation[edit]

A resolution for the adoption of the Local Government Act 1858 was passed on 8 August 1872 by the owners and ratepayers of the township of Turton,[5] and the following year a local board was formed to govern the area.[6] After the Public Health Act 1875 was passed by Parliament in that year, Turton Local Board assumed extra duties as an urban sanitary district, although the Local Board's title did not change.[7]

Change[edit]

In 1895, following the implementation of the Local Government Act 1894, Turton Local Board was reconstituted as an elected urban district council of twenty-one members.[6] Four years later, under the Bolton, Turton and Westhoughton Extension Act 1898, Turton Urban District was greatly enlarged by the addition of the civil parishes of Belmont, Bradshaw, Harwood, Longworth, Entwistle, Edgworth and Quarlton from the former Bolton Rural District, which almost doubled the Urban District's population.[6] The Urban District Council had seven electoral wards: Chapeltown, Bromley Cross, Eagley, Egerton, Bradshaw, Edgworth, and Belmont wards, each represented by three councillors.[8] Following the death of Sir Lees Knowles, 1st Baronet, in 1929, his widow, Lady Nina Knowles, presented Turton Tower to the Urban District Council in 1930, which became the council's seat of local government. Between 1961 and 1971, Bradshaw ward was divided into Bradshaw North and Bradshaw South.[8]

Abolition[edit]

Under the Local Government Act 1972, Turton Urban District was abolished on 1 April 1974 and its former area was divided between two local authorities.[9] The larger rural area, North Turton, became a civil parish of the Borough of Blackburn in Lancashire.[9][10] The smaller urban area, South Turton, became an unparished area of the Metropolitan Borough of Bolton in Greater Manchester.[9]

Demography[edit]

Population changes of Turton, 1891–1971
Year Population ±%
1891 6,354 —    
1901 12,355 +94.4%
1911 12,648 +2.4%
Year Population ±%
1921 12,154 −3.9%
1931 11,847 −2.5%
1939 12,173 +2.8%
Year Population ±%
1951 10,956 −10.0%
1961 13,698 +25.0%
1971 21,553 +57.3%
Sources: Urban Sanitary District (USD) 1891.[11] Urban District (UD) 1901–1971.[8][12][13]

Lists of office holders[edit]

Chairmen of Turton Local Board[edit]

Chairmen of Turton Local Board
Name Party Tenure Notes
Ashworth, EdmundEdmund Ashworth Liberal
1873–1880
Booth, JamesJames Booth
1880–1882
Ashworth, jnr, EdmundEdmund Ashworth, jnr
1882–1886
Garnett, Thomas Gustav SchwabeThomas Gustav Schwabe Garnett Conservative
1886–1889
Afterwards became Chairman of Turton Urban District Council (1895–1900)
Wallwork, WilliamWilliam Wallwork
1889–1892
Ashworth, RobertRobert Ashworth Independent
1892–1895
Afterwards became Chairman of Turton Urban District Council (1908–1924)
Source(s):[14]

Chairmen of Turton Urban District Council[edit]

Chairmen of Turton Urban District Council
Name Party Tenure Notes
Garnett, Thomas Gustav SchwabeThomas Gustav Schwabe Garnett Conservative
1895–1900
Previously Chairman of Turton Local Board of Health (1886–1889)
Isherwood, SamuelSamuel Isherwood
1900–1901
Hardcastle, ThomasThomas Hardcastle
1901–1902
Deakin, EdwardEdward Deakin
1902–1908
Ashworth, RobertRobert Ashworth Independent
1908–1924
Previously Chairman of Turton Local Board of Health (1892–1895)
Ashworth, George HarryGeorge Harry Ashworth Independent
1924–1926
1st term
Greg, Ernest WilliamErnest William Greg
1926–1927
Lomax, ThomasThomas Lomax Conservative
1928–1930
1st term
Spring, Sydney HerbertSydney Herbert Spring Independent
1930–1931
Wadhams, Walter HarryWalter Harry Wadhams Independent
1931–1934
Haslam, JethroJethro Haslam
1934
Died in office
Platt, JamesJames Platt Independent
1934–1937
Hutchinson, Alfred RuckmanAlfred Ruckman Hutchinson Independent
1937–1938
Catterall, RobertRobert Catterall Conservative
1938–1939
1st term
Rostron, John WilliamJohn William Rostron
1939–1940
Ashworth, George HarryGeorge Harry Ashworth Independent
1940–1941
2nd term
Hamer, JohnJohn Hamer
1941–1942
Shelmerdine, RichardRichard Shelmerdine Liberal
1942–1943
Meredith, WilliamWilliam Meredith
1943–1944
Ashworth, George HarryGeorge Harry Ashworth Independent
1944–1945
3rd term
Lomax, ThomasThomas Lomax Conservative
1945–1946
2nd term
Kirk, HaroldHarold Kirk
1946–1947
1st term
Benson, SamuelSamuel Benson Conservative
1947–1948
Knowles, WilliamWilliam Knowles
1948–1949
1st term
Scowcroft, WestWest Scowcroft Independent
1949–1950
Walsh, RobinsonRobinson Walsh
1950–1951
Stilwell, Francis WilliamFrancis William Stilwell Conservative
1951–1952
Catterall, RobertRobert Catterall Conservative
1952–1953
2nd term
Shelmerdine, ArthurArthur Shelmerdine Independent
1953–1954
Kirk, HaroldHarold Kirk
1954–1955
2nd term
Catterall, RobertRobert Catterall Conservative
1955–1956
3rd term
Jardine, Andrew ThompsonAndrew Thompson Jardine Independent
1956–1957
Knowles, WilliamWilliam Knowles
1957–1958
2nd term
Kirk, HaroldHarold Kirk
1958–1959
3rd term
Smith, Hilbre HenryHilbre Henry Smith Independent
1959–1960
Halliday, CharlesCharles Halliday Conservative
1960–1961
Gregory, HildaHilda Gregory Conservative
1961–1962
Bennett, HerbertHerbert Bennett Conservative
1962–1963
1st term
Cort, Michael ConstantineMichael Constantine Cort Conservative
1963–1964
Walsh, Herbert CarlisleHerbert Carlisle Walsh Conservative
1964–1965
Dingwall, DavidDavid Dingwall Labour
1965–1966
Alston, JohnJohn Alston Independent
1966–1967
Hutchinson, HerbertHerbert Hutchinson
1967–1968
Jagger, JosephJoseph Jagger Liberal
1968–1969
Linney, Philip StefanPhilip Stefan Linney Liberal
1969–1970
Ibbotson, LeonardLeonard Ibbotson Conservative
1970–1971
Richardson, Keith CrookKeith Crook Richardson Independent
1971–1972
Poulsom, ArthurArthur Poulsom Conservative
1972–1973
Bennett, HerbertHerbert Bennett Conservative
1973–1974
2nd term
Source(s):[14]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Great Britain Historical GIS Project. "Turton UD: Area (acres)". A Vision of Britain through Time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 27 July 2016. 
  2. ^ Farrer, William; Brownbill, J., eds. (1911). "The parish of Bolton-le-Moors". A History of the County of Lancaster. Victoria County History. Volume 5. British History Online. pp. 235–243. Retrieved 27 July 2016. 
  3. ^ Higginbotham, Peter. "The Workhouse: Bolton, Lancashire". The Workhouse: The story of an institution... Retrieved 27 July 2016. 
  4. ^ Great Britain Historical GIS Project. "Status details for Civil Parish". A Vision of Britain through Time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 27 July 2016. 
  5. ^ The London Gazette: no. 23965. p. 1874. 8 April 1873. Retrieved 9 August 2016.
  6. ^ a b c Farrer, William; Brownbill, J., eds. (1911). "Townships: Turton". A History of the County of Lancaster. Victoria County History. Volume 5. British History Online. pp. 273–281. Retrieved 24 August 2010. 
  7. ^ Great Britain Historical GIS Project. "Turton USD: Relationships and changes". A Vision of Britain through Time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 27 July 2016. 
  8. ^ a b c Tatton, Pauline. Local population statistics 1801–1986: abbreviated tables compiled from census statistics for Bolton. Bolton Libraries. 
  9. ^ a b c "Greater Manchester Gazetteer". Greater Manchester County Record Office. Place names – T to W. Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 24 July 2016. 
  10. ^ "North Turton Parish Council". Retrieved 27 July 2016. 
  11. ^ Great Britain Historical GIS Project. "Turton USD: Males & Females". A Vision of Britain through Time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 15 July 2016. 
  12. ^ Great Britain Historical GIS Project. "Turton UD: Total Population". A Vision of Britain through Time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 27 July 2016. 
  13. ^ The 1939 population is estimated from the number of identity cards issued to the inhabitants of Turton in that year, which were required under the National Registration Act 1939. The 1941 census did not take place because of the Second World War.
  14. ^ a b Links in a Chain Project. "Turton 1873–1974". Links in a Chain. Retrieved 27 July 2016. 

Coordinates: 53°37′53″N 2°24′06″W / 53.6313°N 2.4018°W / 53.6313; -2.4018