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River Shyok
River Shyok
Turtuk is located in Jammu and Kashmir
Turtuk is located in India
Location in Jammu and Kashmir, India
Coordinates: 34°50′49″N 76°49′37″E / 34.847°N 76.827°E / 34.847; 76.827Coordinates: 34°50′49″N 76°49′37″E / 34.847°N 76.827°E / 34.847; 76.827
Country  India
State Jammu and Kashmir
District Leh
Tehsil Nubra
 • Type Panchayati raj
 • Body Gram panchayat
Population (2011)
 • Total 3,371
 • Official Balti, Ladakhi, Urdu/Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Census code 913

Turtuk is a village in the Leh district of Jammu and Kashmir, India.[1] It is located in the Nubra tehsil, 205 km from the Leh town, on the banks of the Shyok River.[2] Turtuk gram panchayat is the northernmost village of India. Turtuk was under Pakistan's control until 1971, after which India gained control of this strategic area.[3][4] It is predominantly a Muslim village, and residents speak languages including Balti, Ladakhi and Urdu.[5] Turtuk is the last outpost in India after which the Pakistan-controlled Gilgit-Baltistan begins.[6] Turtuk is one of the gateways to the Siachen Glacier.[7][8]

Tourism in and around Turtuk[edit]

View of Shyok Valley

Turtuk was opened to tourists in 2009. The village offers views of Beautiful Valley, part of the Shyok Valley. Though a Muslim village, there are a few gompas located on the plateau above the Shyok River and there is an old royal house to see in the village. Turtuk is one of the few places in India where one can witness Balti culture, and one can find a few homestays and guest houses in the village. It is the last major village where tourist activity is allowed before the Line of Control.[citation needed]

2010 floods[edit]

In August 2010, the village of Turtuk was impacted by floods which occurred throughout the entire region of Ladakh.

Indo-Pakistan conflicts[edit]

War Memorial in Turtuk

After India and Pakistan gained independence, Turtuk came under the control of Pakistan. Three other villages- Dhothang, Tyakshi (earlier called Tiaqsi) and Chalunka of Chorbat Valley, came under control of India.[9][10] India's Ladakh Scouts and Nubra Guards under the command of Major Chewang Rinchen recaptured it during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971. Rinchen was honoured with a Maha Vir Chakra for his gallantry and a street is named after him in Leh.[11]

In 1999, the two countries once again had a major conflict around this area during the Kargil War. There are a few memorials built in memory of soldiers on Main Road going towards the zero point of the India–Pakistan Line of Control.[citation needed]

Balti scholar Senge Sering states that Pakistan's Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) has attempted to introduce jihad into this area. The local people are confused about their loyalties because they lived under both Pakistani and Indian control, some of them having served in the Pakistan Army before India's take-over. Many of them also have relatives living across the Line of Control who are subject to intimidation by the ISI. During the Kargil infiltration by Pakistan, some of the local people were suspected to have assisted the infiltrators. The Indian Army took some of them into custody, but later released all of them. The local people are said to be grateful for the consideration shown by the Army and currently support the Army's initiatives such as the Operation Sadbhavana.[12]


According to the 2011 census of India, Turtok has 384 households. The effective literacy rate (i.e. the literacy rate of population excluding children aged 6 and below) is 82.53%.[13]

Demographics (2011 Census)[13]
Total Male Female
Population 3371 2429 942
Children aged below 6 years 343 154 189
Scheduled caste 0 0 0
Scheduled tribe 1766 839 927
Literates 2499 2115 384
Workers (all) 2274 1953 321
Main workers (total) 2047 1840 207
Main workers: Cultivators 371 200 171
Main workers: Agricultural labourers 2 1 1
Main workers: Household industry workers 1 1 0
Main workers: Other 1673 1638 35
Marginal workers (total) 227 113 114
Marginal workers: Cultivators 50 7 43
Marginal workers: Agricultural labourers 3 3 0
Marginal workers: Household industry workers 0 0 0
Marginal workers: Others 174 103 71
Non-workers 1097 476 621

See also[edit]


Further reading[edit]