Turyanchay starts off at Ragdan Peak which is located on the boundary of Qabala and Oguz raions, in Saral range at 3,680 meters above sea level. The river then branches off to Tikanli, Gara and Bum rivers down to Nij village thus playing an important role in the agricultural development of the area. The river ends its stream by flowing into the Kura river. The water from Turyanchay is also used for irrigation purposes in Agdash and Goychay raions through the artificially built water canals. In 2002, the river overflowed causing flooding of a major highway. Since then, the regional administration built stone concrete dams in the banks of four major rivers of Qabala raion in 2007. The Turyanchay dam is 300 meters long.
The length of the Turyanchay river is 180 km.The basin of the river is 1,840 m3. The average annual water consumption of the Turyanchay is 18 m3/s and annual flow volume is 565 million cubic meters.
The river is mostly fed by snow and glacier water. In the periods from March to July, the river gets richer due to warmer season. By August, the volume of the water in the river decreases.
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