Tusayan Ruins

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For the town, see Tusayan, Arizona.
Tusayan Ruins
Tusayan Kiva.jpg
Tusayan Ruins is located in Arizona
Tusayan Ruins
Tusayan Ruins is located in the US
Tusayan Ruins
Nearest city Grand Canyon National Park, Arizona, United States
Coordinates 36°0′49″N 111°51′56″W / 36.01361°N 111.86556°W / 36.01361; -111.86556Coordinates: 36°0′49″N 111°51′56″W / 36.01361°N 111.86556°W / 36.01361; -111.86556
Built 1200
Architectural style Pueblo
NRHP Reference # 74000285[1]
Added to NRHP July 10, 1974

The Tusayan Ruins (aka Tusayan Pueblo) is an 800-year-old Pueblo Indian site located within Grand Canyon National Park,[2] and is considered by the National Park Service (NPS) to be one of the major archeological sites in Arizona.[3] The site consists of a small, u-shaped pueblo featuring a living area, storage rooms, and a kiva.[2] Tree ring studies indicate that the site was occupied for about twenty years, beginning around 1185.[2] It is found on the "Desert View Drive" portion of Arizona State Route 64, 3 miles west of the Desert View Watchtower. The site was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1974.[1]

The site was excavated in 1930 by members of the Gila Pueblo of Globe, Arizona. Preservation work took place in 1948 and 1965. The site represents the survival of an isolated Pueblo II culture into the Pueblo III era.[4]

The Tusayan Ruin and Museum is a NPS interpreted location, which includes a trail from the museum thru part of the ruin. Tours may be ranger lead or self-guided.[5] The Tusayan Museum was built in 1928 to a design by National Park Service architect Herbert Maier and sponsored by Laura Spelman Rockefeller as a "trailside museum.". It was expanded in 1934, and represents an interpretation of a Hopi structure.[6]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ a b c Tusayan Ruin visitor brochure, National Park Service
  3. ^ Archeological Sites in Arizona, National Park Service
  4. ^ Holland, F. Ross (August 31, 1972). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory - Nomination Form: Tusayan Ruins" (PDF). National Park Service. Retrieved 5 December 2011. 
  5. ^ A visit to Tusayan Ruin and Museum (multimedia), National Park Service
  6. ^ Kaiser, Harvey H. (1997). Landmarks in the Landscape: Historic Architecture in the National Parks of the West. Chronicle Books. pp. 226–227. ISBN 0-8118-1854-3. 
A food storage building