|Studio album by Fleetwood Mac|
|Released||October 12, 1979|
|Studio||The Village Recorder, Los Angeles, California, Lindsey Buckingham's home|
|Producer||Fleetwood Mac, Richard Dashut, and Ken Caillat|
|Fleetwood Mac chronology|
|Singles from Tusk|
Tusk is the twelfth album by British/American rock band Fleetwood Mac. Released in 1979, it is considered experimental, primarily due to Lindsey Buckingham's sparser songwriting arrangements and the influence of punk rock and new wave on his production techniques. Widely noted in the 1979 press for costing over $1 million to record (equivalent to $3,300,000 in 2016), it was the most expensive rock album made up to that point. Compared to 1977's Rumours which sold 10 million copies by March 1978, Tusk sold four million copies. Because of this, the album was regarded as a commercial failure by the label.
The band embarked on a 9-month tour to promote Tusk. They travelled extensively across the world, including the U.S., Australia, New Zealand, Japan, France, Belgium, Germany, the Netherlands, and UK. In Germany they shared the bill with reggae superstar Bob Marley. It was on this world tour that the band recorded music for the Fleetwood Mac Live album, which was released in 1980.[not verified in body]
The album polarized critics and the public alike upon its initial release, although the album has since been reevaluated over time and praised for its experimentation. In 2013, NME ranked Tusk at number 445 in their list of The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time.
- 1 Background
- 2 Commercial performance
- 3 Critical Reception
- 4 Track listing
- 5 Personnel
- 6 Charts
- 7 Certifications
- 8 Cover versions
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Going into Tusk, Lindsey Buckingham was adamant about creating an album that sounded nothing like Rumours, despite encouragement from their label, Warner Bros., who wanted the band to follow up with a commercial record. "For me, being sort of the culprit behind that particular album, it was done in a way to undermine just sort of following the formula of doing Rumours 2 and Rumours 3, which is kind of the business model Warner Bros. would have liked us to follow."
Mick Fleetwood decided early on that Tusk was going to be a double album. After their label turned down Fleetwood's offer of buying a new studio to make the record, Fleetwood Mac used some of their royalties to construct their own studio, Studio D.
After the studio was built, Buckingham asked Fleetwood if he could record a couple tracks at his home studio. Fleetwood acquiesced, but told Buckingham that the other members needed to be integrated at some point. For example, Buckingham would play a snare drum track on a Kleenex box in his studio while Fleetwood would overdub his drums later on. Despite this, three tracks were recorded solely by Buckingham: "The Ledge", "Save Me a Place", and "That's Enough For Me".
Producer Ken Caillat noticed Buckingham's obsessive nature in the studio. “He was a maniac. The first day, I set the studio up as usual. Then he said, ‘Turn every knob 180 degrees from where it is now and see what happens.’ He’d tape microphones to the studio floor and get into a sort of push-up position to sing. Early on, he came in and he’d freaked out in the shower and cut off all his hair with nail scissors. He was stressed.”
Buckingham had become infatuated with bands such as Talking Heads, and with Tusk, he "was desperate to make Mac relevant to a post-punk world." Bob Stanley commented that compared to Rumours, Tusk "was unleavened weirdness, as close to its predecessor as the Beach Boys' lo-fi Smiley Smile had been to Pet Sounds," and commented that "much of it sounded clattery, half-formed, with strange rhythmic leaps and offbeat tics." Bassist John McVie has commented that the album sounds like "the work of three solo artists", whilst Fleetwood later proclaimed that it is his favourite and the best Fleetwood Mac studio album created by the group.
An alternate version of Tusk was released on Record Store Day 2016.
Tusk peaked at No. 4 in the U.S., spent over five months within the top 40, and was certified double platinum for shipping two million copies. It peaked at No. 1 in the UK and achieved a Platinum award for shipments in excess of 300,000 copies. The album gave the group two U.S. top-ten hit singles, with the Buckingham-penned title track (US #8/UK #6), and the Stevie Nicks composition "Sara" (U.S. #7/UK #37). Further releases from the album, "Not That Funny" (UK only single release), "Think About Me" and "Sisters of the Moon" were slightly remixed for radio, and were less successful. The latter two appear in their 'single versions' on the 2002 compilation The Very Best of Fleetwood Mac, while "Sara", which was cut to 4½ minutes for both the single and the first CD release of the album, appear on the 1988 Greatest Hits compilation and the 2004 reissue of Tusk as well as Fleetwood Mac's 2002 release of The Very Best of Fleetwood Mac in its unedited form.
Though the album sold 4 million copies worldwide, and earned a Grammy nomination in 1981 for its art designers in the category "Best Album Package", and considering the comparatively huge sales of Rumours and the album's unprecedented recording expense, the band's record label deemed the project a failure, laying the blame squarely with Buckingham. Fleetwood, however, blames the album's relative failure on the RKO radio chain playing the album in its entirety prior to release, thus allowing mass home recording. In addition, Tusk was a double album, with a high list price of $15.98 (US$53 in 2017 dollars) ($2.00 more than other double albums).
|The Rolling Stone Album Guide|||
Many contemporary reviews of the album, like Rolling Stone, emphasized the experimental nature of the album, with comparisons to The White Album not uncommon. "Like The White Album, Tusk is less a collection of finished songs than a mosaic of pop-rock fragments by individual performers." Robert Christgau was more ambivalent, lauding Buckingham's production and experimentation, while dismissing Christine McVie's and Stevie Nick's contributions.
Retrospective reviews have seen the album in a more positive light. AllMusic found the album to be in its own ballpark, calling it "a peerless piece of pop art". Pitchfork found the album to be "self indulgent" and "terrifically strange". Buckingham's "The Ledge" and "Save Me A Place" were seen as the album's most memorable tracks, with the latter particularly praised for its pensive lyrics and lyrical resemblance to "Go Your Own Way".
|1.||"Over & Over"||Christine McVie||C. McVie||4:34|
|2.||"The Ledge"||Lindsey Buckingham||Buckingham||2:08|
|3.||"Think About Me"||C. McVie||C. McVie and Buckingham||2:44|
|4.||"Save Me a Place"||Buckingham||Buckingham||2:42|
|5.||"Sara" (Edited to 4:39 on earlier CD pressings)||Stevie Nicks||Nicks||6:22|
|1.||"What Makes You Think You're the One"||Buckingham||Buckingham||3:32|
|3.||"That's All for Everyone"||Buckingham||Buckingham||3:03|
|4.||"Not That Funny" (Mix differs from original LP version)||Buckingham||Buckingham||3:11|
|5.||"Sisters of the Moon"||Nicks||Nicks||4:42|
|2.||"That's Enough for Me"||Buckingham||Buckingham||1:50|
|3.||"Brown Eyes"||C. McVie||C. McVie||4:27|
|4.||"Never Make Me Cry"||C. McVie||C. McVie||2:18|
|5.||"I Know I'm Not Wrong" (Mix differs from original LP version)||Buckingham||Buckingham||3:05|
|1.||"Honey Hi"||C. McVie||C. McVie||2:41|
|3.||"Walk a Thin Line"||Buckingham||Buckingham||3:46|
|5.||"Never Forget"||C. McVie||C. McVie||3:34|
A 2-disc remastered version of the album was released in 2004, featuring the entire, unedited version of the original album on the first disc and various demos, outtakes and alternate versions on the second disc.
|2004 deluxe edition|
|1.||"One More Time (Over & Over)"||McVie||4:42|
|2.||"Can't Walk Out of Here (The Ledge)"||Buckingham||2:04|
|3.||"Think About Me"||McVie||2:36|
|5.||"Lindsey's Song #1 (I Know I'm Not Wrong)"||Buckingham||3:06|
|7.||"Lindsey's Song #2 (That's All for Everyone)"||Buckingham||3:04|
|8.||"Sisters of the Moon"||Nicks||5:10|
|9.||"Out on the Road (That's Enough for Me)"||Buckingham||1:52|
|11.||"Never Make Me Cry"||McVie||2:23|
|12.||"Song #1 (I Know I'm Not Wrong)"||Buckingham||2:50|
|15.||"Song #3 (Walk a Thin Line)"||Buckingham||3:16|
|16.||"Come on Baby (Never Forget)"||McVie||3:40|
|17.||"Song #1 (I Know I'm Not Wrong)" (Alternate take)||Buckingham||2:40|
|18.||"Kiss and Run"||Jorge Calderón||2:05|
|19.||"Farmer's Daughter"||Brian Wilson, Mike Love||2:15|
|20.||"Think About Me" (Single version)||McVie||2:43|
|21.||"Sisters of the Moon" (Single version)||Nicks||4:40|
2015 deluxe edition
A 5-CD deluxe edition featuring many unreleased demos, live tracks and an Alternate Tusk was released on December 4, 2015. 
- Tusk remastered
- An alternate version of the complete album consisting of session outtakes, most of which have never been released
- A selection of singles, demos and remixes
- Unreleased performances from the band’s 1979–1980 Tusk tour with selections from concerts in London, Tucson, St. Louis, and one song in Omaha.
- A DVD with both a 24 bit/96 kHz stereo mix and a 5.1 surround mix of the original album
Tusk was also issued as a 180-gram 2-LP set.
Disc two: singles, outtakes, sessions
- "Think About Me" (Single remix)
- "That's All for Everyone" (Remix)
- "Sisters of the Moon" (Remix)
- "Not That Funny" (Single remix)
- "Sara" (Single edit)
- "Walk a Thin Line" (Song #3 — 3/13/79)
- "Honey Hi" (Alternate version — 10/18/78)
- "Storms" (Alternate version — 11/30/78)
- "Save Me a Place" (2nd version — 10/10/78)*
- "Never Make Me Cry" (Version — 4/17/79)
- "Out on the Road" (aka "That's Enough for Me" Demo — 12/19/78)*
- "I Know I'm Not Wrong" — Lindsey's Song #1 (Demo)
- "I Know I'm Not Wrong" (10/10/78 version)*
- "I Know I'm Not Wrong" (11/3/78 version)*
- "I Know I'm Not Wrong” (4/25/79 version)*
- "I Know I'm Not Wrong" (8/13/79 version)*
- "I Know I'm Not Wrong" (1/23/79 version)*
- "Tusk" (Demo — 1/15/79)*
- "Tusk" stage riff (Demo — 1/30/79)*
- "Tusk" (Outtake track — 2/1/79)*
- "Tusk" (Outtake mix — 1/23/79)*
- "Tusk" (USC version — 6/4/79)*
Disc three: the alternate Tusk
- "Over & Over" (4/2/79)*
- "The Ledge" (3/13/79)
- "Think About Me" (2/18/79)*
- "Save Me a Place" (10/18/78)*
- "Sara" (3/10/79)
- "What Makes You Think You're the One" (2/24/79)*
- "Storms" (6/2/79)*
- "That's All for Everyone" (10/20/78)*
- "Not That Funny" (5/19/79)*
- "Sisters of the Moon" (11/12/78)
- "Angel" (4/2/79)*
- "That's Enough for Me" (9/29/78)*
- "Brown Eyes" (with Lindsey and Peter Green, 9/20/78)*
- "Never Make Me Cry" (2/8/79)*
- "I Know I'm Not Wrong" (11/2/78)*
- "Honey Hi" (10/11/78)*
- "Beautiful Child" (10/9/78)*
- "Walk a Thin Line" (4/6/79)*
- "Tusk" (7/19/79)*
- "Never Forget" (6/29/78)*
Disc four: Tusk tour live I
- Intro (Wembley, 6/26/80)
- "Say You Love Me" (Wembley, 6/26/80)
- "The Chain" (Wembley, 6/20/80)
- "Don't Stop" (Wembley, 6/27/80)
- "Dreams" (Wembley, 6/20/80)
- "Oh Well" (Wembley, 6/20/80)
- "Rhiannon" (Tucson, 8/28/80)
- "Over & Over" (St. Louis, 11/5/79)
- "That's Enough for Me" (Wembley, 6/21/80)
- "Sara" (Tucson, 8/28/80)
- "Not That Funny" (St. Louis, 11/5/79)
- "Tusk" (St. Louis, 11/5/79)
Disc five: Tusk Tour live II
- "Save Me a Place" (St. Louis, 11/5/79)
- "Landslide" (Omaha, 8/21/80)
- "What Makes You Think You're the One" (St. Louis, 11/5/79)
- "Angel" (St. Louis, 11/5/79)
- "You Make Loving Fun" (Wembley, 6/20/80)
- "I'm So Afraid" (St. Louis, 11/5/79)
- "World Turning" (Wembley, 6/22/80)
- "Go Your Own Way" (Wembley, 6/22/80)
- "Sisters of the Moon" (Wembley, 6/22/80)
- "Songbird" (Wembley, 6/27/80)
(* = Previously unreleased)
All live tracks are previously unreleased.
|Australia (ARIA)||2× Platinum||140,000^|
|United Kingdom (BPI)||Platinum||300,000^|
|United States (RIAA)||2× Platinum||2,000,000^|
^shipments figures based on certification alone
- In 1981, Mick Fleetwood covered "Walk a Thin Line" on his solo album The Visitor.
- In 1991, R.E.M. covered the song "Tusk", introducing it by noting that, earlier in their career, they were able to take advantage of Fleetwood Mac's unused recording studio time.
- In 2002, Camper Van Beethoven released a full cover of the original Tusk album in its entirety. The cover art and track listings are almost identical.
- In 2004, The Twilight Singers covered "What Makes You Think You're The One" on their covers album She Loves You.
- In 2007, Mossyrock covered "I Know I'm Not Wrong" for their debut EP which was also called I Know I'm Not Wrong; it was later rereleased on the compilation album The Three EPs.
- In 2012, The Flowers of Hell included a cover of "Over & Over" featuring Neil Wilkinson and Abi Fry of British Sea Power on their Odes album.
- In 2012, Tame Impala covered "That's All for Everyone" for the Fleetwood Mac tribute compilation Just Tell Me That You Want Me.
- In 2012, Craig Wedren and St. Vincent covered "Sisters of the Moon" for the Fleetwood Mac tribute compilation Just Tell Me That You Want Me.
- In 2012, Bonnie "Prince" Billy and Matt Sweeney covered "Storms" for the Fleetwood Mac tribute compilation Just Tell Me That You Want Me.
- In 2012, Marianne Faithfull covered "Angel" for the Fleetwood Mac tribute compilation Just Tell Me That You Want Me.
- In 2012, Best Coast covered "Storms" for the B-side of a promo-only 7" featuring the title track of their second album The Only Place. It was released as a bonus track on the Australian edition of the album and the cover was also performed live around this time, including on Late Night with Jimmy Fallon.
- "...group's new Tusk album scheduled to be released today..." (October 12, 1979). "A Star for Fleetwood Mac". Los Angeles Times: E44.
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- Rocklist.net NME: The 500 Greatest Albums Of All Time : October 2013
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- Evans, Mike (2011). "Superstardom". Fleetwood Mac: The Definitive History. 387 Park Avenue South, New York, NY 10016: Sterling. p. 165. ISBN 978-1-4027-8630-3.
"It was Mick Fleetwood, however, who made the first decision concerning the new record: that it was going to be a double album. Given that just the one disc of Rumors took so much time to complete, he realized that a double would be far more expensive in terms of studio costs alone. The answer, Mick proposed, was to buy their own studio...the Warner executives turned the idea down without a second thought...So instead of working in their self-owned setup, the band spent a small fortune of its own royalties advance having a custom-designed annex, Studio D, built at the Village Recorder in Los Angeles
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- NO certyear WAS PROVIDED for AUSTRALIAN CERTIFICATION.
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4-10 November 1979
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Music by Candlelight by Gheorghe Zamfir & Harry Van Hoof