Tustin, California

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Tustin, California
Tustin High Student Quad (Plaza).png
Tustin Blimp Hangar No 2.jpg
20140923-0048 Tustin.JPG
Clockwise from top: Tustin High School Student Quad, Old MCAS Base Tustin Blimp Hangar, Sherman Stevens House.
Official seal of Tustin, California
Seal
Location of Tustin within Orange County, California.
Location of Tustin within Orange County, California.
Tustin, California is located in the United States
Tustin, California
Tustin, California
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 33°44′23″N 117°48′49″W / 33.73972°N 117.81361°W / 33.73972; -117.81361Coordinates: 33°44′23″N 117°48′49″W / 33.73972°N 117.81361°W / 33.73972; -117.81361
Country United States
State California
CountyOrange[1]
IncorporatedSeptember 21, 1927[2]
Named forColumbus Tustin
Government
 • MayorChuck Puckett[3]
Area
 • Total11.12 sq mi (28.81 km2)
 • Land11.12 sq mi (28.81 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)  0%
Elevation138 ft (42 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total75,540
 • Estimate 
(2019)[5]
79,348
 • Density7,133.69/sq mi (2,754.34/km2)
Time zoneUTC−8 (Pacific)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−7 (PDT)
ZIP codes
92780–92782
Area code(s)657/714, 949
FIPS code06-80854
GNIS feature IDs1661590, 2412117
Websitewww.tustinca.org

Tustin is a city located in Orange County, California, in the Los Angeles metropolitan area. In 2019, Tustin had a population of 79,348. The city is located next to the county seat, Santa Ana, and does not include North Tustin.

History[edit]

Members of the Tongva and Juaneño/Luiseño nations long inhabited this area.[citation needed] After the 1769 expedition of Gaspar de Portolà, a Spanish expedition led by Father Junipero Serra named the area Vallejo de Santa Ana (Valley of Saint Anne). On November 1, 1776, Mission San Juan Capistrano became the area's first permanent European settlement in Alta California, New Spain.

Tustin, 1890

In 1801, the Spanish Empire granted 62,500 acres (253 km2) to Jose Antonio Yorba, which he named Rancho San Antonio. Yorba's great rancho included the lands where the cities and communities of Olive, Orange, Villa Park, Santa Ana, Tustin, Costa Mesa and Newport Beach stand today. Smaller ranchos evolved from this large rancho including the Rancho Santiago de Santa Ana.

After the Mexican-American war, Alta California became part of the United States and American settlers arrived in this area. Columbus Tustin, a carriage maker from Northern California, founded the city in the 1870s on 1,300 acres (5 km2) of land from the former Rancho Santiago de Santa Ana. The city was incorporated in 1927 with a population of about 900. The townsite was bordered by Camino Real on the south, Newport Avenue on the east, 1st Street on the north, and the Costa Mesa Freeway on the west.

During World War II, a Navy anti-submarine airship base (later to become a Marine Corps helicopter station) was established on unincorporated land south of the city; the two dirigible hangars are among the largest wooden structures ever built and are listed on the National Register of Historic Places and ASCE List of Historic Civil Engineering Landmarks. Suburban growth after the war resulted in increased population, annexation of nearby unincorporated land including the base, and development of orchards and farmland into housing tracts and shopping centers.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 11.1 square miles (28.7 km2).

It is bordered by Irvine on the south and east, Orange and the census-designated Tustin Foothills on the north, and Santa Ana on the west.

Climate[edit]

Tustin has a Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification Csa).

Climate data for Tustin
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 70
(21)
71
(22)
72
(22)
75
(24)
77
(25)
80
(27)
85
(29)
87
(31)
85
(29)
80
(27)
76
(24)
70
(21)
78
(26)
Average low °F (°C) 47
(8)
48
(9)
50
(10)
53
(12)
58
(14)
61
(16)
65
(18)
67
(19)
63
(17)
57
(14)
50
(10)
46
(8)
56
(13)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 2.96
(75)
3.07
(78)
2.79
(71)
.77
(20)
.28
(7.1)
.10
(2.5)
.01
(0.25)
.14
(3.6)
.34
(8.6)
.40
(10)
1.22
(31)
1.79
(45)
13.87
(352)
Source: NOAA [6]

Neighborhood districts[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880227
1930926
19409532.9%
19501,14319.9%
19602,00675.5%
197022,1901,006.2%
198032,24845.3%
199050,68957.2%
200067,50433.2%
201075,54011.9%
Est. 201979,348[5]5.0%
U.S. Decennial Census to 2010[7]

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census reported that Tustin had a population of 75,540.[8] The population density was 6,816.7 per square mile (2,631.9/km2). The racial makeup was 39,729 (52.6%) White (34.8% Non-Hispanic White),[9] 1,722 (2.3%) African American, 442 (0.6%) Native American, 15,299 (20.3%) Asian, 268 (0.4%) Pacific Islander, 14,499 (19.2%) from other races, and 3,581 (4.7%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 30,024 persons (39.7%).

The census reported that 75,020 people (99.3% of the population) lived in households, 340 (0.5%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters and 180 (0.2%) were institutionalized.

There were 25,203 households of which 10,465 (41.5%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 12,969 (51.5%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 3,494 (13.9%) had a female householder with no husband present, 1,472 (5.8%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 1,568 (6.2%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships and 193 (0.8%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 5,178 households (20.5%) were one person and 1,403 (5.6%) had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 2.98. There were 17,935 families (71.2% of households) and the average family size was 3.46.

The age distribution was 20,212 people (26.8%) under the age of 18, 6,856 (9.1%) aged 18 to 24, 25,033 (33.1%) aged 25 to 44, 17,006 (22.5%) aged 45 to 64, and 6,433 (8.5%) who were 65 or older. The median age was 33.4 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.6 males.

There were 26,476 housing units at an average density of 2,389.2 per square mile (922.5/km2). Of the occupied units, 12,813 (50.8%) were owner-occupied and 12,390 (49.2%) were rented. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.3%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.8%. 36,783 people (48.7% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 38,237 people (50.6%) lived in rental housing units.

According to the 2010 census, Tustin had a median household income of $74,011, with 12.2% of the population living below the federal poverty line.[9]

2000[edit]

At the 2000 census, there were 67,504 people in 23,831 households, including 16,062 families, in the city.[10] The population density was 5,921.4 per square mile (2,286.3/km2). There were 25,501 housing units at an average density of 2,236.9 per square mile (863.7/km2). The racial make-up of the city was 58.72% White, 2.92% African American, 0.66% Native American, 14.90% Asian, 0.30% Pacific Islander, 17.94% from other races and 4.55% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 34.24% of the population.

Of the 23,831 households, 36.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.2% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.6% were non-families. 24.1% of households were one person and 5.2% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.82 and the average family size was 3.37.

The age distribution was 26.8% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 38.1% from 25 to 44, 18.6% from 45 to 64, and 7.1% 65 or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.9 males.

The median household income was $55,985 and the median family income was $60,092. Males had a median income of $42,456 and females $33,688. The per capita income was $25,932. About 5.8% of families and 8.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.8% of those under age 18 and 6.2% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

Top employers[edit]

According to the city's 2013 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[11] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of employees
1 Tustin Unified School District 1,100
2 Rockwell Collins 600
3 Ricoh 500
4 Costco 450
5 Safmarine 400
6 GE Power Electronics 330
7 City of Tustin 300
8 Tustin Hospital 291
9 Toshiba 300
10 MicroVention 300
11 Balboa Water Group 253
12 Kleen Impressions 250
13 Warner Systems 250

Arts and culture[edit]

D Street at Main Street, 1950s
Old Town Tustin

Points of interest[edit]

  • The Market Place, formerly known as Tustin Market Place
  • The District
  • Enderle Center
  • Marconi Automotive Museum
  • Old Town Tustin
  • Tustin Ranch Golf Course

Government[edit]

Local[edit]

The Tustin City Council is composed of five members elected at large; the mayorship rotates among the council members and is primarily a ceremonial role.

Mayor Allan Bernstein was elected to the Tustin City Council in 2012. In 2019, Letitia Clark was chosen to serve as mayor pro tem, Charles E. "Chuck" Puckett, Barry Cooper and Austin Lumbard are also on the City Council as council members.[3]

Local politics in the late 1990s and early 2000s were dominated by the 1997 closure of the local Marine Corps Air Station and plans for the subsequent commercial development of the land, including an unsuccessful bid by neighboring Santa Ana to build a school on the land, part of which is within Santa Ana Unified School District's territory.

State and federal[edit]

In the California State Legislature, Tustin is in the 37th Senate District, represented by Republican John Moorlach and in the 68th Assembly District, represented by Republican Steven Choi.[12]

In the United States House of Representatives, Tustin is in California's 45th congressional district, represented by Democrat Katie Porter.[13]

Education[edit]

Tustin High School Quad

Primary and secondary education in Tustin and surrounding unincorporated areas is overseen by the Tustin Unified School District. Tustin High School is a California Distinguished School, as is Foothill High School. Arnold O. Beckman High School is in the Best High Schools according to U.S. News & World Report.[14] Tustin High School is also well-known regionally for its strong Model United Nations program.[citation needed] Springfield College, a non-profit, private, higher education institute, is located in the city of Tustin.

Infrastructure[edit]

Fire protection in Tustin is provided by the Orange County Fire Authority. Law enforcement is provided by the Tustin Police Department.

Notable people[edit]

Actors[edit]

Athletes[edit]

Other[edit]

  • Corky King, founder of Summum, graduated from Tustin High School
  • Mary Kay Letourneau, daughter of US Representative John G. Schmitz and former schoolteacher, internationally publicized for being convicted in 1997 for statutory second degree rape of a 12-year-old student.[16]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Tustin". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved January 21, 2015.
  2. ^ "California Cities by Incorporation Date". California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from the original (Word) on November 3, 2014. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
  3. ^ a b "City Council". City of Tustin, California. Retrieved January 7, 2019.
  4. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
  5. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  6. ^ (NCEI), National Centers for Environmental Information. "1981-2010 Normals - Data Tools - Climate Data Online (CDO) - National Climatic Data Center (NCDC)". www.ncdc.noaa.gov. Retrieved March 21, 2018.
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 29, 2019.
  8. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. 2010. Retrieved January 29, 2019.
  9. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts: Tustin (city), California". United States Census Bureau. March 31, 2015. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved January 29, 2019.
  10. ^ "California 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. 2003. Retrieved January 29, 2019.
  11. ^ "City of Tustin, California - Film Permit" (PDF). Tustinca City. Retrieved March 21, 2018.
  12. ^ "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Archived from the original on February 1, 2015. Retrieved December 18, 2014.
  13. ^ "California's 45th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC.
  14. ^ "U.S. News Best High Schools Rankings". U.S. News & World Report.
  15. ^ a b "TWLL players in the majors". twll.com. Retrieved March 21, 2018.
  16. ^ Crimes of the Centuries: Notorious Crimes, Criminals, and Criminal Trials

Further reading[edit]

  • Guy Ball, Tustin, Arcadia Publishing, 2011. ISBN 0-7385-7037-0
  • Carol Jordan, Tustin: An Illustrated History, reprinted 2010 by the Tustin Area Historical Society

External links[edit]