Tutti frutti (food)
|Main ingredients||Candied fruits or fruit flavourings|
|Cookbook: Tutti frutti Media: Tutti frutti|
Tutti frutti (from Italian tutti i frutti, "all fruits"; also hyphenated tutti-frutti) is a colorful confectionery containing various chopped and usually candied fruits, or an artificial or natural flavouring simulating the combined flavour of many different fruits. It is most notable in Western countries outside of Italy in the form of ice cream.
Fruits used for tutti-frutti ice cream include cherries, raisins, and pineapple, often augmented with nuts. In the Netherlands, tutti-frutti (also "tutti frutti," "tuttifrutti") is a compote of dried fruits, served as a dessert or a side dish to a meat course. In Belgium, tutti-frutti is often seen as a dessert. Typically, it contains a combination of raisins, currants, apricots, prunes, dates, and figs.
In Indian English, tutti-frutti usually refers to candied raw papaya. These are often small cubical pieces, often brightly colored. The most common color being red, it ialso available in green and yellow. These are used in various bakery products including cakes, milk-breads, cookies, dilkhush and buns. Tutti-frutti is also used in cold desserts as topping for ice cream and sundaes. They are also used in sweet paans and sangeet (or "paper-masala").
Tutti frutti ice cream has been served for at least 150 years, as it appeared on the bill of fare for an 1860 dinner in England.
Recipes for tutti frutti ice cream were found in cookbooks of the late 19th century. A tutti frutti ice cream recipe was included in the 1874 cookbook Common Sense in the Household: A Manual of Practical Housewifery This recipe calls for actual tutti frutti, and is not fancifully named. In the 1883 cookbook The Chicago Herald Cooking School there is also a tutti frutti ice cream recipe.
In 1888, one of the first gum flavors to be sold in a vending machine, created by the Adams New York Gum Company, was tutti frutti.
At least one early 20th century American cookbook contains a suggestion that tutti frutti ice cream was popular in America. The Italian Cookbook contains a recipe for Tutti Frutti Ice and says, "This is not the tutti frutti ice cream as is known in America".
A 1928 cookbook, Seven Hundred Sandwiches by Florence A. Cowles (published in Boston) includes a recipe for a Tutti Frutti Sandwich with a spread made of whipped cream, dates, raisins, figs, walnuts, and sugar.
- Marshall, Robert T.; H. Douglas Goff; Richard W. Hartel (2003). Ice Cream. Springer. p. 348. ISBN 978-0-306-47700-3.
- Duquesnoy, C. (2002). Toveren met toetjes. Inmerc. p. 38. ISBN 978-90-6611-268-1.
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- "A Festival Commemorative of the Birth of the Immortal 'Bard of Avon'", The Crayon, pp. 173–176, June 1860, retrieved September 9, 2016
- Harland, Marion (1874). "Common Sense in the Household: A Manual of Practical Housewifery". Google Books. Scribner, Armstrong & Co. p. 451. Retrieved February 25, 2017.
- Whitehead, Jessup (1883). "The Chicago Herald Cooking School: a professional cook's book for household use, consisting of a series of menus for every day meals and for private entertainments, with minute instructions for making every article named, originally published in the Chicago Daily Herald". Open Library. Published by author. p. 40. Retrieved September 9, 2016.
- "Thomas Adams - Inventor of the First Modern Chewing Gum". Chewing Gum Facts.
- "What's on the menu? Dishes Tutti Frutti Ice Cream". New York Public Library. Retrieved September 8, 2016.
- Gentile, Maria (1919). The Italian Cookbook (PDF). New York: The Italian Book Co. p. 15. Retrieved February 1, 2017.
- "Sandwiches, 1920s style". The Food History Timeline.