Tututni

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This article is about the ethnic group. For their language, see Tututni language.
Hoxie Simmons, a Rogue River Indian, c. 1870

Tututni (also called (Lower) Rogue River (Athabascan)) is the name of a Native American people originally located in southern Oregon in the United States. Rogue River in its narrower sense refers to the Rogue River Athabascan tribes who speak two closely related languages Lower Rogue River (or Tututni) and Upper Rogue River (or Galice-Applegate). In its broader sense, Rogue River refers to Rogue River Indians who are a conglomeration of many tribal groups in the Rogue River Valley area, belonging to the three language families: Athabascan, Takelma and Shastan. The principal tribes grouped under the name Rogue River Indians were: the Latgawa (Upland Takelma), Takelma (Lowland or River Takelma), Shasta (Chasta), Lower Rogue River Athabascan (or Tututni) tribes, including: the Upper Coquille (Mishikwutinetunne, Mishi-qute-me-tunne - ″the people dwelling on the river Mishi″) tribe (Coquille River Area), Shasta Costa tribe, Yugweeche (Eu-qua-chees) tribe (Euchre Creek Area), and Tututni tribe (Lower Rogue River Area) and Upper Rogue River Athabascan (Galice-Applegate) tribes, including: the Taltushtuntede or Tal-tuc-tun-te-de tribe (Galice Creek Area) and Dakubetede (Da-ku-be-te-de) tribe (Applegate Area). The total estimated population of these tribes in 1850 was about 9,500. The French Canadian employees of the Hudson's Bay Company called them all "coquins", meaning "Rogues", where the designation Rogue River comes from.

After the Rogue River Wars in 1856, bands of the Rogue River were split between the Confederated Tribes of Siletz and the Confederated Tribes of the Grand Ronde Community of Oregon, relocating to either the Siletz Indian Reservation north of the tribe's traditional lands or to the Grand Ronde Indian Reservation. Some of the tribal members were never captured and were forced to wander.

Groups[edit]

The Tututni (or Lower Rogue River Athabascan) people included the Tututni tribe, Upper Coquille (Coquille, Mishikwutinetunne) tribe, Shasta Costa tribe and Euchre Creek (Yukichetunne) tribe. Subtribes of Tututni tribe include the Tututunne, Naltunnetunne, Mikonotunne, Chemetunne, Kwatami, Chetleshin, and Kwaishtunnetunne.

The Tututni (Lower Rogue River Athabascan) groups:

I) Upper Coquille (Coquille, Mishi-kwutine-tunne) dialect speaking:

  • 1) Coquille (Upper Coquille, Mishikwutinetunne) Tribe;
  • 2) Flores Creek (Kosotshe, Kusu'me, Luckkarso, Lukkarso);

II) Chasta Costa (Shasta Costa, Chasta Kosta, Shistakoostee, Illinois River) dialect speaking:

  • 3) Shasta Costa Tribe;

III) Euchre Creek (Yukiche-tunne) dialect speaking:

  • 4) Yukiche-tunne (Yukichetunne, Euchre Creek) Tribe;

IV) Tututni dialect speaking:

  • 5) Tutu-tunne (Tututunne, Tututni) subtribe;
  • 6) Nal-tunne-tunne (Naltunnetunne) subtribe;
  • 7) Mikono-tunne (Mikonotunne, Mikwunutunne, Mackanotin) subtribe;
  • 8) Cheme-tunne (Chemetunne, Joshua, Yashute) subtribe;
  • 9) Kwatami (Sixes) subtribe;
  • 10) Chetleshin (Pistol River) subtribe; and
  • 11) Kwaish-tunne-tunne (Kwaishtunnetunne, Wishtenatin) subtribe;

Language[edit]

The Tututni (Lower Rogue River Athabascan) people spoke four dialects of the Tututni (AKA Lower Rogue River) language an extinct Pacific Coast Athabaskan language classified as part of the Oregon Athabascan subgroup.

Lower Rogue River (AKA Tututni)

dialects:
  • Upper Coquille (AKA Coquille, Mishikhwutinetunee)
- Coquille (AKA Mishi-khwutine-tunee, Upper Coquille)
- Flores Creek
  • Tututni
- Tututunne
- Naltunnetunne
- Mikwunutunne (AKA Mikonotunne, Mackanotin)
- Joshua (AKA Chemetunne, Yashute)
- Sixes (AKA Kwatami)
- Pistol River (AKA Chetleshin)
- Wishtenatin (AKA Khwaishtunnetunnne)
  • Euchre Creek (AKA Yukichetunne)
  • Chasta Costa (AKA Illinois River, Chastacosta, Chasta Kosta)

External links[edit]