Demographics of Tuvalu

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Main article: Tuvalu
A Tuvaluan dancer at Auckland's Pasifika Festival

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Tuvalu, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

96% of the Tuvaluans are ethnic Polynesians, closely related to the people of Samoa and Tonga. There is evidence for a dual genetic origin of Pacific Islanders in Asia and Melanesia, which results from an analysis of Y chromosome (NRY) and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) markers; there is also evidence that Fiji playing a pivotal role in west-to-east expansion within Polynesia.[1]

The vast majority of Tuvaluans belong to the Church of Tuvalu, a Protestant denomination. Their ancestors were converted by Christian missionaries in the 19th century.

School attendance at school is 10 years for males and 11 years for females (2001).[2] Adult literacy rate is 99.0% (2002).[3]

Life expectancy for women in Tuvalu is 66.9 years and 62.7 years for men (2011 est.).[2]

The country's population has more than doubled since 1980, with a growth rate of 0.702%. The population at the 2002 census was 9,561,[4] and the 2012 census was 10,837 (2012 Population & Housing Census Preliminary Analytical Report).[5] The net migration rate is estimated at -7.02 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.).[2]

CIA World Factbook demographic statistics[edit]

The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.

Children on a wharf at Funafuti lagoon


Population Distribution of Tuvalu by Age Group (2014)
10,837 (2012 Population & Housing Census Preliminary Analytical Report)[5]

Age structure[edit]

0-14 years: 30.6% (male 1,656/female 1,569)
15-64 years: 64% (male 3,294/female 3,459)
65 years and over: 5.4% (male 238/female 328) (2011 est.)

Median age[edit]

total: 24.1 years
male: 22.7 years
female: 26.1 years (2011 est.)

Population growth rate[edit]

0.702%% (2011 est.)

Birth rate[edit]

23.24 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)

Death rate[edit]

9.2 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)

Net migration rate[edit]

-7.02 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)

Sex ratio[edit]

at birth: 1.042 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.73 male(s)/female
total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Infant mortality rate[edit]

total: 34.52 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 37.56 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 31.33 deaths/1,000 live births (2010 est.)

Life expectancy at birth[edit]

total population: 64.75 years
male: 62.7 years
female: 66.9 years (2011 est.)

Total fertility rate[edit]

3.11 children born/woman (2011 est.)


noun: Tuvaluan(s)
adjective: Tuvaluan

Ethnic groups[edit]

Polynesian 96% Micronesian 4%


Church of Tuvalu (Congregationalist) 97%, Seventh-day Adventist 1.4%, Bahá'í 1%, other 0.6%, such as the Catholic Church, Jehovah's Witnesses and the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community.[6]


Tuvaluan, English, Gilbertese (on the island of Nui)[7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Melanesian and Asian Origins of Polynesians: mtDNA and Y Chromosome Gradients Across the Pacific". October 2009. Retrieved 23 January 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c "The World Factbook (CIA)". Retrieved 1 Sep 2011. 
  3. ^ "Tuvalu: 2010 Article IV Consultation-Staff Report; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for Tuvalu". International Monetary Fund Country Report No. 11/46. 8 February 2011. Retrieved 4 September 2011. 
  4. ^ "Census of Population and Housing and sample Surveys". Central Statistics Division – Government of Tuvalu. 2006. Retrieved 17 Oct 2011. 
  5. ^ a b "Tuvalu: Millennium Development Goal Acceleration Framework - Improving Quality of Education" (PDF). Ministry of Education and Sports, and Ministry of Finance and Economic Development from the Government of Tuvalu; and the United Nations System in the Pacific Islands. April 2013. Retrieved 13 October 2013. 
  6. ^ Ahmadiyya Muslim Mosques Around the World, pg. 344
  7. ^ "Tuvaluan (Te 'gana Tūvalu)". Omniglot. Retrieved 6 November 2012.