Tuxpan

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"Tuxpam" redirects here. For other uses, see Tuxpam (disambiguation).
For other uses, see Tuxpan (disambiguation).
Tuxpan
Municipality
Coat of arms of Tuxpan
Coat of arms
Tuxpan is located in Mexico
Tuxpan
Tuxpan
Location of Tuxpan within Mexico
Coordinates: 20°57′N 97°24′W / 20.950°N 97.400°W / 20.950; -97.400
Country  Mexico
State Veracruz
Government
 • Municipal President Alberto Silva Ramos
Area
 • Total 1,061.9 km2 (410.0 sq mi)
Elevation 10 m (30 ft)
Population
 • Total 143 362
 • Density 135.01/km2 (349.7/sq mi)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-7)
Website http://www.tuxpantodoporti.gob.mx/

Tuxpan (or Túxpam, fully Túxpam de Rodríguez Cano) is both a municipality and city located in the Mexican state of Veracruz. The population of the city was 78,523 and of the municipality was 134,394 inhabitants, according to the INEGI census of 2005, residing in a total area of 1,051.89 km² (406.14 sq mi). The municipality includes many smaller outlying communities, the largest of which are Alto Lucero and Santiago de la Peña. A local beachside community is also nearby.

Overview[edit]

Tuxpan or Túxpam, pronounced [ˈtuʃpan] in Nahuatl, the language of the ancient Aztecs, literally means "Place of Rabbits", a compound of tochtli "rabbit" and -pan "place".

The city is located on the banks of the Tuxpan River, which reaches the Gulf of Mexico a few kilometers downstream (11 km). Being the nearest port to Mexico City, Tuxpan is an important commercial link for Mexican imports and exports. Tuxpan is now primarily a grain port, with emphasis on soybeans and maize. Off-shore links to oil pipelines are used to transfer petroleum products to and from tanker ships operated by Pemex, Mexico's state-owned oil company. As part of the Pemex operations and infrastructure in the city, a facility on the river manufactures and maintains oil rigs for use in the Gulf of Mexico.

In the 1870s, a small colony of some hundreds of former Confederate (Southern U.S.) officers, soldiers and diplomats was established.[1]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Túxpam de Rodríguez Cano (1951–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 41.0
(105.8)
44.0
(111.2)
45.8
(114.4)
43.0
(109.4)
42.0
(107.6)
41.8
(107.2)
41.8
(107.2)
43.5
(110.3)
48.8
(119.8)
41.2
(106.2)
41.8
(107.2)
37.5
(99.5)
48.8
(119.8)
Average high °C (°F) 25.0
(77)
26.7
(80.1)
29.2
(84.6)
31.7
(89.1)
32.7
(90.9)
33.2
(91.8)
33.0
(91.4)
33.6
(92.5)
33.1
(91.6)
31.5
(88.7)
28.7
(83.7)
26.2
(79.2)
30.4
(86.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) 20.7
(69.3)
22.1
(71.8)
24.5
(76.1)
27.0
(80.6)
28.1
(82.6)
28.7
(83.7)
28.6
(83.5)
28.9
(84)
28.4
(83.1)
26.7
(80.1)
24.1
(75.4)
22.0
(71.6)
25.8
(78.4)
Average low °C (°F) 16.4
(61.5)
17.6
(63.7)
19.9
(67.8)
22.3
(72.1)
23.5
(74.3)
24.2
(75.6)
24.2
(75.6)
24.2
(75.6)
23.8
(74.8)
22.0
(71.6)
19.5
(67.1)
17.8
(64)
21.3
(70.3)
Record low °C (°F) 0.8
(33.4)
7.0
(44.6)
8.8
(47.8)
9.0
(48.2)
8.5
(47.3)
11.5
(52.7)
19.8
(67.6)
14.0
(57.2)
16.0
(60.8)
9.0
(48.2)
6.8
(44.2)
4.5
(40.1)
0.8
(33.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 39.5
(1.555)
50.0
(1.969)
38.6
(1.52)
54.1
(2.13)
78.9
(3.106)
207.5
(8.169)
170.8
(6.724)
179.9
(7.083)
266.4
(10.488)
132.2
(5.205)
87.1
(3.429)
50.6
(1.992)
1,355.6
(53.37)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 8.4 7.3 7.4 6.8 6.7 12.0 13.1 13.9 14.0 11.2 8.0 8.6 117.4
Average relative humidity (%) 81 83 82 82 77 82 82 80 82 83 85 86 82
Mean monthly sunshine hours 112 132 174 168 209 203 211 225 155 174 139 98 2,000
Source #1: Servicio Meteorológico National (humidity 1981–2000)[2][3][4]
Source #2: Deutscher Wetterdienst (sun, 1961–1990)[5][a]

Transport[edit]

Port of Tuxpan[edit]

Sometimes referred to as the "Puerto de Tuxpan", the port is able to handle supertanker sized cargo ships. Due to increasing commercial shipping traffic in the city of Veracruz, Tuxpan is now the headquarters for the Mexican Navy's Gulf fleet. As such, it is the home port for several military vessels including 3 frigates named Allende, Abasolo and Victoria. These ships were originally Knox-class frigates built in the 1960s. They were purchased from the US Navy in the mid to late 1990s after their decommissioning.

Tuxpan was also the port of departure for the yacht Granma that was used to transport Fidel Castro, his brother Raúl, Che Guevara and other fighters of the Cuban Revolution from Mexico to Cuba in 1956 for the purpose of overthrowing the regime of Fulgencio Batista. A small museum near the river has photographs and other related memorabilia.

Tuxpan from the river


Twin towns[edit]

Cuba Niquero (Granma, Cuba)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kinney, Emily (2011). "Leaving the United States for the "Land of Liberty": Postbellum Confederates in Mexico". University of Texas at Austin. Archived from the original (MA Thesis) on 2011-10-05. Retrieved 11 October 2014. 
  2. ^ "Estado de Veracruz–Estacion: Túxpam de Rodríguez Cano (SMN)". NORMALES CLIMATOLÓGICAS 1951–2010 (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico National. Retrieved 6 May 2015. 
  3. ^ "Extreme Temperatures and Precipitation for Túxpam de Rodríguez Cano (SMN) 1961–1989" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Retrieved 6 May 2015. 
  4. ^ "NORMALES CLIMATOLÓGICAS 1981–2000" (PDF) (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Retrieved 6 May 2015. 
  5. ^ "Station 76640 Tuxpan, VER.". Global station data 1961–1990—Sunshine Duration. Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved 6 May 2015. 

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Station ID for Tuxpan, VER. is 76640 Use this station ID to locate the sunshine duration

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 20°57′N 97°24′W / 20.950°N 97.400°W / 20.950; -97.400