Tuz Khormato

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Tuz Khormato
Arabic: طوزخورماتو‎‎
Turkish: Tuzhurmatu
City
Tuz Khormato is located in Iraq
Tuz Khormato
Tuz Khormato
Tuz Khormato's location in Iraq
Coordinates: 34°53′N 44°38′E / 34.883°N 44.633°E / 34.883; 44.633
Country  Iraq
Province Saladin
District Tooz
Elevation 715 ft (218 m)
Population (2012)
 • Total 119,000

Tuz Khormato or Tuz Khurmatu (Arabic: طوزخورماتو‎‎, Turkish: Tuzhurmatu) is the central city of Tooz District in Saladin Province, Iraq, located 55 miles south of Kirkuk. The town is multi-ethnic, with a majority of Shia Turkmen and minorities of Sunni Turkmen, Arabs, and Kurds.

Tuz Khormato, along with Altun Kupri, Amerli, Bashir, Bustamli, Mahalabiyah, Qarah Tappah, Sulaiman Bek, Tal Afar, Taza Khurmatu, and Yankjah, make up the largest Turkmen-majority cities in Iraq, while Mosul, Kirkuk, Kifri, Daquq, Muqdadiyah, Jalawla, and Saadiyah have significant Turkmen minority populations.

Etymology[edit]

The name of the city is taken from Turkish and Persian, meaning salt (Turkish; tuz) date (Persian; khurma).

History[edit]

The town participated in the 1991 Iraqi uprising before being suppressed by the Ba'athist Iraqi army.[1]

Since the Invasion of Iraq, the city has experienced significant violence. It is contested between the Kurdistan Regional Government,[2] the Baghdad government,[3] and the Popular Mobilization Units, and has been frequently bombed by Al-Qaeda in Iraq and its successor the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant.

Operation Iraqi Freedom[edit]

  • On June 2, 2005, at least 12 people were killed and at least 40 wounded in an explosion targeting a restaurant.[4]
  • On June 23, 2005, a car bomb detonated by remote control hit an Iraqi police patrol, killing one policeman and wounding 7 civilians.[5]
  • On September 20, 2005, insurgents detonated a car bomb targeting Shiite worshippers as they were exiting the Hussainiyat al-Rasoul al-Azam mosque, killing at least 10 and wounding 21 others.[6]
  • On March 14, 2007, a suicide bomber struck a market and killing 8 and wounding 25.[7]

Operation New Dawn[edit]

  • On September 7, 2010, the first US casualties after President Barack Obama declared an end to US combat operations took place near the city when an Iraqi soldier killed 2 US military personnel.[8]

Post-U.S. withdrawal and Iraqi civil war[edit]

  • On October 27, 2012, a car bombing next to a building owned by a Shi'ite endowment killed two civilians and injured ten others.[9]
  • On December 17, 2012, two consecutive car bombings hit a residential area near the city's General Hospital, killing 11 civilians and injuring 45 others. The attacks were part of a country-wide wave of violence that killed almost 100 people in a single day.[10]
  • On January 16, 2013, a suicide car bombing at the offices of the Kurdistan Democratic Party killed 5 and injured 40 others.[11][12]
  • On January 23, 2013, a suicide bomber blew himself up during a funeral for a politician's relative in the city, killing 42 and leaving 75 others wounded.[13][14]
  • In November 2015, the town experienced clashes between the Kurdish Peshmerga and Shia Popular Mobilization Forces that claimed 11 lives, wounded over 20 people, and damaged over 200 houses through arson committed by both sides.[15] A truce was reached soon after.[16]
  • On November 28, 2015, a suicide bomber bombed a town checkpoint, killing 6.[17]

In November 2015 clashes in the town between the Kurdish Peshmerga and the Shia Popular Mobilization Forces were reported resulting in the deaths of 8-34 combatants and civilians.[18]

Notable residents[edit]

Ali Kanbar Ozdamer (1919–1999) was a well-known artist from the area.[19]

See also[edit]

Tuz Khurmatu Air Base

References[edit]

  1. ^ Goldstein, Eric (June 1992). Endless Torment: The 1991 Uprising in Iraq and Its Aftermath. U.S.: Human Rights Watch. p. 58. ISBN 1-56432-069-3. 
  2. ^ http://rudaw.net/english/middleeast/iraq/250720141
  3. ^ "On Iraq’s 'Road of Death' - Al-Monitor: the Pulse of the Middle East". Al-Monitor. Retrieved 15 May 2016. 
  4. ^ "20 dead in Iraq bombings". the Guardian. Retrieved 15 May 2016. 
  5. ^ Car bombs kill nearly 40 people in Baghdad - International Herald Tribune
  6. ^ Microsoft PowerPoint - Eye on Iraq Sep 20, 2005 - English
  7. ^ http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20070314/ap_on_re_mi_ea/iraq
  8. ^ Iraqi soldier fires on US troops, kills 2
  9. ^ Killing and wounding 12 civilians east of Tikrit (NINA News Agency)
  10. ^ BREAKING NEWS. 25 people killed and wounded in bombings series in Tuz district. (NINA News Agency)
  11. ^ Reuters (2013-01-15). "Bombers kill more than 35 across Iraq". Trust.org. Retrieved 2013-01-15. 
  12. ^ Margaret Griffis (2013-01-16). "Iraq Slaughter: 55 Killed, 288 Wounded". Antiwar.com. Retrieved 2013-01-24. 
  13. ^ Marwan Ibrahim (2013-01-23). "Iraq suicide bomb at Shiite mosque kills 42". Google News. Retrieved 2013-01-24. 
  14. ^ Margaret Griffis (2013-01-23). "At least 51 Killed, 98 Wounded in Iraq Attacks". Antiwar.com. Retrieved 2013-01-24. 
  15. ^ "Eleven dead as tensions flare in Tuz Khurmatu". Kurdistan24. 2015-11-15. Retrieved 2016-01-11. 
  16. ^ "Absent government, fragile truce holds in Tuz Khurmatu". Iraq Oil Report. Retrieved 15 May 2016. 
  17. ^ "Suicide bomber kills 6 in flashpoint town". Yahoo! News. 2015-11-28. Retrieved 2016-01-11. 
  18. ^ Joel Wing. "MUSINGS ON IRAQ". Retrieved 15 May 2016. 
  19. ^ "Sketch Gallery of Iraqi Artist Ali Kanbar Ozdamer". Flickr - Photo Sharing!. Retrieved 15 May 2016. 

Coordinates: 34°52′38″N 44°38′18″E / 34.87722°N 44.63833°E / 34.87722; 44.63833