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Portrait of a Quilcene boy, circa 1913

Twana is the collective name for a group of nine Coast Salish peoples in the northern-mid Puget Sound region, most of whom are extinct or are now subsumed into other groups and organized tribes. The Skokomish are the main surviving group and self-identify as the Twana today. The language spoken by these peoples is closely related to Lushootseed and is also called Twana.

The nine groups were known by their locations, the nine groups were the Dabop, Quilcene ("salt-water people"), Dosewallips, Duckabush, Hoodsport, Skokomish (Skoko'bsh), Vance Creek, Tahuya, and Duhlelap (Tule'lalap).[1] Of these nine sub-communities of Twana, by 1860 there were 33 settlements in total, of which the Skokomish were the largest.[2][3][4][5] Most descendants of all groups now are part of the Skokomish Tribal Nation and live on the Skokomish Indian Reservation at Skokomish, Washington.[6] The reason they all are there at the one location is that they were all forced to move to Skokomish after the Point No Point Treaty in 1855.[7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Donald B. Ricky (1 April 1999). Indians of Oregon. North American Book Dist LLC. pp. 482–. ISBN 978-0-403-09866-8. Twana society is defined as a speech community, sharing largely common customs and a single drainage area territory, but lacking any political unity. Within this domain, there were nine Twana winter village sites: Dabop, Quilcene, Dosewallips, Duckabush, Hoodsport, Skokomish, Vance Creek, Tahuya, and Duhlelap.
  2. ^ Wray, Jacilee (2003). Native Peoples of the Olympic Peninsula: Who We Are. University of Oklahoma Press. p. 67. ISBN 978-0-8061-3552-6. Retrieved 3 November 2010.
  3. ^ Elmendorf, William Welcome (1993). Twana narratives: native historical accounts of a Coast Salish culture. UBC Press. p. xxix. ISBN 978-0-7748-0475-2. Retrieved 3 November 2010. See also map on page 2
  4. ^ Wray, Jacilee (2003). "Skokomish: Twana Descendants". Native Peoples of the Olympic Peninsula: Who We Are. University of Oklahoma Press. p. 65. ISBN 978-0-8061-3552-6. Retrieved 3 November 2010.
  5. ^ The Skokomish Tribal Nation
  6. ^ Culture and History of the Skokomish Tribe, Skokomish Tribal Nation website Archived 2008-04-23 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ Dunbar-Ortiz, Roxanne (2014). An Indigenous Peoples' History of the United States. ReVisioning American History. Beacon Press. ISBN 978-0-8070-5783-4.