Twelfth Street YMCA Building

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Twelfth Street YMCA Building
12th Street YMCA Building.JPG
Twelfth Street YMCA Building is located in Washington, D.C.
Twelfth Street YMCA Building
Location 1816 12th St. NW, Washington, D.C.
Coordinates 38°54′53.8″N 77°01′41.8″W / 38.914944°N 77.028278°W / 38.914944; -77.028278Coordinates: 38°54′53.8″N 77°01′41.8″W / 38.914944°N 77.028278°W / 38.914944; -77.028278
Area .395 acres (1,600 m2)[1]
Built 1908
Architect William Sidney Pittman
Architectural style Renaissance Revival
Part of Greater U Street Historic District[2] (#93001129)
NRHP Reference # 83003523
Significant dates
Added to NRHP October 3, 1983[3]
Designated NHL October 12, 1994[4]

Twelfth Street YMCA Building, also known as the Anthony Bowen YMCA, was home to the first African American chapter of the YMCA, founded in 1853 by Anthony Bowen. It is located at 1816 12th Street NW in the Shaw neighborhood of Washington, D.C. The building was reopened on February 20, 2000 as the Thurgood Marshall Center in honor of the first African American Associate Justice to serve on the United States Supreme Court. The Thurgood Marshall Center now serves as a community center for residents of the U Street Corridor and Shaw neighborhoods. The permanent organization of Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity, Inc. was established in the Bowen Room.

Erected in 1908, the Renaissance Revival building was designed by William Sidney Pittman, one of the United States' first African American architects and a son-in-law of Booker T. Washington. It was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1994 and is a contributing property to the Greater U Street Historic District.[1][4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Laura Harris Hughes and Laura V. Trieschmann (March 1994). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Twelfth Street Young Men's Christian Association Building / Anthony Bowen Young Men's Christian Association Building" (pdf). National Park Service.  and Accompanying nine photos, exterior and interior, from 1994 (32 KB)
  2. ^ Trieschmann, Laura V.; Sellin, Anne; Callcott, Stephen (November 1998), National Register of Historic Places Registration Form: Greater U Street Historic District (PDF), retrieved March 31, 2015 .
  3. ^ National Park Service (2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  4. ^ a b "Twelfth Street YMCA Building". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-05-12. 

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