List of prototype solar-powered cars
This list of prototype solar-powered cars comprises multiperson, relatively practical vehicles powered completely or significantly by solar cells (panels or arrays, mounted on the vehicle) which convert sunlight into electricity to drive electric motors while the vehicle is in motion and have a homologation for public streets.
- 1 Australia
- 2 Brazil
- 3 Canada
- 4 China
- 5 Germany
- 6 India
- 7 Italy
- 8 Japan
- 9 Monaco
- 10 The Netherlands
- 11 New Zealand
- 12 Pakistan
- 13 Slovenia
- 14 Switzerland
- 15 Taiwan
- 16 USA
- 17 References
Sunswift V (eVe)
Solar Spirit 3
e.coTech Solar version
The "e.coTech" is a normal electric car developed by "HiTech Electric" and is sold only to small and medium-sized businesses. In 2017, the solar version of "e.coTech" was announced and presented to the public in 2018.
Cars without name
The handicraft enthusiast "Chen Shungui" developed 2 prototypes. 
Hochschule Bochum: Open World
The solar vehicle was built in 2015 from the "Hochschule Bochum" to cross the desert of Tanami in Australia. Range with fully charged accumulator is 50 kilometers. The car have a solar roof with 160 Wp and in a box below the roof (not on the picture) 1943 Wp (!) solar panels for extension during driving breaks.
The "PowerCore SunCruiser" with 3 seats was built in 2013 by "Hochschule Bochum".  Maximum Power created on his solar roof is 833 Wp. Car is equipped with 4 wheel hub electric engines. Participant on the World Solar Challenge 2013.
The Sion model from Sono Motors was presented to the public in July 2016. Two prototypes were financed by crowdfunding and were available for test drives in August 2017. The price will be EUR 16,000,- plus the battery you can rent or buy (<EUR 4.000, -). Pre-orders are available through the website of Sono Motors. Delivery is scheduled to start in the 3rd quarter of 2019.
The car has 5 doors, an 80kW engine with a maximum speed of 140 km/h, is rechargeable with AC power (3.7 kW or 22 kW) and direct current (50 kW). The battery will have a realistic range of 250 km.
The solar cells (1.208 Wp) integrated into the car body charge the battery so that, in good sunshine, up to 30 km of additional range per day are possible.
It is possible to use the current of the battery in the Sion to operate electrical devices or to charge other electric cars.
The workshop manual for the Sion including the CAD data of all spare parts for 3D printers or CNC Milling will be public, so that reasonable repair costs are to be expected.
The owner of the vehicle can offer other people a power supply (power-sharing) or a ride-in (ridesharing) or rent his car (car sharing).
The 2-seater "SolarWorld GT" was built 2011 by "Hochschule Bochum" with 2 wheel hub electric engines in the front wheels. After the participation at the 2011 World Solar Challenge, the car and his team did the first full autarky world circumnavigation (10/2011-12/2012). This record was admitted by Guinness World Records.  On the roof of the car are 3 m² solar cells and in the trunk additional 3 m² which are used during driving breaks. Maximum power creation of all solar cells is 1340Wp. More technical data can be found here:.
"The "PowerCore SunCruiser" with two seats was built by "Hochschule Bochum" for the 2015 World Solar Challenge.  Maximum Power created on its 3 m² solar roof is 870 Wp. Car is equipped with 2 wheel hub electric engines and comfort electronics. Top speed is 120 km/h. Range with solar charging only is up to 600 kilometers per day. Range with fully charged accumulator (14,8 kWh) is up to 1100 kilometers.
With an EU - project led by Fiat (May 2010 - April 2013) a complete solar car with 3 seats was developed. This small car have four wheel drive. Range with solar charging only is 20 kilometers per day. Range with fully charged accumulator is 120 kilometers. Homologation and serial production is under investigation (as of September 2013).
Developed and built in Emilia Romagna in 2018 by the University of Bologna, the Onda Solare Association and several industrial partners, Emilia 4 is a 4.6 meter long, 1.8 meter wide and 1.2 meter high 4 seats vehicle. It is equipped with a 5 square meter photovoltaic roof, made of 362 silicon cells, with a nominal power of 1200W.
Venturi Automobiles has built the open 2-seater "Astrolab" since 2006. With solar charging only, its range is 18 kilometers per day. Its range with the accumulator fully charged is 110 kilometers. It has a top speed of 120 km/h. 
Venturi Automobiles designed the flanking seating, open-sided 3-seater "Eclectic" as a prototype in 2006. Its range with solar charging only is 7 kilometers per day. Fully charged, its accumulator gives a range of 50 kilometers. The car has a top speed 50 km/h. Its price was 'middle of the road' as announced, but serial production never started. There is also a small electric car with the name "Eclectic 2.0" from the same company. 
The 4-seater "Stella Lux" was built as successor of Stella for the 2015 World Solar Challenge by Eindhoven University. It was the winner in its class again. With a top speed of 125 km/h and a European range of 1000 kilometers it is a substantial achievement with respect to common electric vehicles.
In 2017 the Eindhoven team have built a new car for the World Solar Challenge, called Stella Vie, featuring five instead of four seats. By its introduction, this car was the most efficient family car ever built. More efficient than its predecessors due to its light weight and aerodynamic form and efficient enough to win the Cruiser Class of the World Solar Challenge for the third consecutive time with a big lead on the competition.
The Twente One is the second solar car developed by the University of Twente and Saxion University (at Enschede, Deventer and Apeldoorn) in 2007, and succeeds the SolUTra. It was designed to participate in the 2007 World Solar Challenge.
Its main innovations were a pivoting solar screen that follows the angle of the sun, and a system of fresnel lenses that focus the sunlight onto a solar panel with a system to adjust the panel so that the maximum amount of light from the lenses shines on the individual solar cells.
The Twente One came in on the fifth place in the 2007 World solar Challenge.
|Weight (excluding Driver)||<230 kg|
|Number of wheels||3|
|Characteristics||Pivoting solar panel & lens system with Fresnel lenses and movable solar cells|
|Solar cells||2073 Gallium-Arsenide Triple Junction, area 6m²|
|Efficiency of solar cells||>27%|
|Motor||In-Wheel Direct Drive Electric Motor NGM/CSIRO 95%-99%|
|Battery||30 kg Lithium Polymer|
|Control||Steering wheel from aluminium tube with a width like a CD-box, and with quick-release|
|Bodywork||Carbon fibre sandwich construction|
|Chassis||Box-construction from aluminium plate-work, connected through high quality aluminium milled parts, roller-bars from chrome-molybdenum-steel|
|Fore-wheel suspension||Double A-arm construction from chrome-molybdenum-steel, horizontal racing shock absorbers, lightweight aluminium rims, ceramic bearings|
|Hind-wheel suspension||Trailing-arm construction of chrome-molybdenum-steel|
|Tires||Bridgestone/Maxxis radial 14 inch (slicks)|
|Brakes||Brake-discs with aerospace braking-hoses in the front, regenerative braking in the back|
|Rolling friction||one tenth that of a normal car|
|Air friction||one fifth that of a normal car|
|Telemetry||Wireless connection with following car, car transmits about 200 measuring signals|
ECO1, ECO1GL and ECO3GL
ECO1, ECO1GL and ECO3GL are built by a technology enthusiast and entrepreneur Muhammad Aslam Azaad. Built in March 2014.
A Mazda 5 was converted to an electric car named Metron 7 by Andrej Pecjak and his Metron team and in 2014 permitted for public use. Range with solar charging (160 Watt) is a few kilometers per day. Range with fully charged accumulator is 824 ! kilometers, proved from Berlin to Karlsruhe and through cities with average speed 72 km/h in June 2016.
The project "Yuneec & Metron" convert a Smart Roadster to an electric car with 80 Wp solar panel in 2011. Range with solar charging only is a few kilometers per day. Range with fully charged accumulator is 160 kilometers. 
The project "Icare" build a Twike (Hybrid: muscular strength + electric engine) with an additional solar trailer (1800 Wp) and a small wind generator (diameter 1,8 m). With that vehicle they circumnavigate the world in 2010/11. 
This vehicle circumnavigate the world 2007/08 with "Lois Palmer" as driver. Energy was delivered to 50% from the solar trailer (6 m²) and to 50% from the power grid (which was indirectly produced by a solar installation in Switzerland). Power consumption: 8 kWh / 100 km. 
Apollo Solar Cruiser Car
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