The Twenty-Eight Mansions (Chinese: 二十八宿; pinyin: Èrshíbā Xiù), also called xiu or hsiu, are part of the Chinese constellations system. They can be considered as the equivalent to the zodiacal constellations in Western astronomy, though the Twenty-eight Mansions reflect the movement of the Moon through a sidereal month rather than the Sun in a tropical year.
The lunar mansion system was in use in other parts of East Asia, such as ancient Japan; the Bansenshūkai, written by Fujibayashi Yasutake, mentions the system several times and includes an image of the twenty-eight mansions.
Ancient Chinese astronomers divided the sky ecliptic into four regions, collectively known as the Four Symbols, each assigned a mysterious animal. They are Azure Dragon (青龍) on the east, Black Tortoise (玄武) on the north, White Tiger (白虎) on the west, and Vermilion Bird (朱雀) on the south. Each region contains seven mansions, making a total of 28 mansions. These mansions or xiù correspond to the longitudes along the ecliptic that the Moon crosses during its 27.32-day journey around the Earth and serve as a way to track the Moon's progress. In Taoism they are related to 28 Chinese generals.
List of mansions
of the East
(東方青龍 - Dōngfāng Qīnglóng)
|1||角 (Jiǎo)||Horn||α Vir|
|2||亢 (Kàng)||Neck||κ Vir|
|3||氐 (Dī)||Root||α Lib|
|4||房 (Fáng)||Room||π Sco|
|5||心 (Xīn)||Heart||α Sco|
|6||尾 (Wěi)||Tail||μ¹ Sco|
|7||箕 (Jī)||Winnowing Basket||γ Sgr|
of the North
(北方玄武 - Běifāng Xuánwǔ)
|8||斗 (Dǒu)||(Southern) Dipper||φ Sgr|
|9||牛 (Niú)||Ox||β Cap|
|10||女 (Nǚ)||Girl||ε Aqr|
|11||虛 (Xū)||Emptiness||β Aqr|
|12||危 (Wēi)||Rooftop||α Aqr|
|13||室 (Shì)||Encampment||α Peg|
|14||壁 (Bì)||Wall||γ Peg|
of the West
(西方白虎 - Xīfāng Báihǔ)
|15||奎 (Kuí)||Legs||η And|
|16||婁 (Lóu)||Bond||β Ari|
|17||胃 (Wèi)||Stomach||35 Ari|
|18||昴 (Mǎo)||Hairy Head||17 Tau|
|19||畢 (Bì)||Net||ε Tau|
|20||觜 (Zī)||Turtle Beak||λ Ori|
|21||参 (Shēn)||Three Stars||ζ Ori|
of the South
(南方朱雀 - Nánfāng Zhūquè)
|22||井 (Jǐng)||Well||μ Gem|
|23||鬼 (Guǐ)||Ghost||θ Cnc|
|24||柳 (Liǔ)||Willow||δ Hya|
|25||星 (Xīng)||Star||α Hya|
|26||張 (Zhāng)||Extended Net||υ¹ Hya|
|27||翼 (Yì)||Wings||α Crt|
|28||軫 (Zhěn)||Chariot||γ Crv|
- Gary D. Thompson chapter 11-24 Archived 2011-01-26 at the Wayback Machine
- "Bansenshukai 8". Archived from the original on 2010-06-01. Retrieved 2014-12-12.
- CBETA T21 No. 1299《文殊師利菩薩及諸仙所說吉凶時日善惡宿曜經》卷1 Archived 2015-09-23 at the Wayback Machine
- 统天殿 Archived 2005-11-22 at the Wayback Machine
- "The Chinese Sky". International Dunhuang Project. Archived from the original on 2015-11-04. Retrieved 2011-06-25.
- Sun, Xiaochun (1997). Helaine Selin (ed.). Encyclopaedia of the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine in Non-Western Cultures. Kluwer Academic Publishers. p. 517. ISBN 0-7923-4066-3. Retrieved 2011-06-25.