Twenty-fourth government of Israel
|Fourth Shamir Cabinet|
24th cabinet of Israel
|Date formed||11 June 1990|
|Date dissolved||13 July 1992|
|People and organisations|
|Head of state||Chaim Herzog|
|Head of government||Yitzhak Shamir|
Tzomet (until 31 December 1991)
National Religious Party
Moledet (until 21 January 1992)
Unity for Peace and Immigration
New Liberal Party
Tehiya (until 21 January 1992)
Alignment (one person)
|Status in legislature||Right-wing Coalition|
|Opposition party||Israeli Labor Party|
|Opposition leader||Shimon Peres|
|Legislature term(s)||12th Knesset|
|Predecessor||23rd Cabinet of Israel|
|Successor||25th Cabinet of Israel|
The twenty-fourth government of Israel was formed by Yitzhak Shamir of Likud on 11 June 1990. This followed the failure of Alignment leader Shimon Peres to form a government, after the Alignment had pulled out of the previous national unity coalition, in an incident which became known as the dirty trick.
Shamir's coalition included Likud, the National Religious Party, Shas, Agudat Yisrael, Degel HaTorah, the New Liberal Party, Tehiya, Tzomet, Moledet, Unity for Peace and Immigration and Geulat Yisrael, and held 62 of the 120 seats in the Knesset. Some authors (including politologist Clive A. Jones and historians Avi Shlaim and Benny Morris) later asserted that the 24th government of Israel was the most right-wing government in the country's history. Tehiya, Tzomet and Moledet all left the coalition in late 1991 and early 1992 in protest at Shamir's participation in the Madrid Conference, but the government remained in office until Yitzhak Rabin formed the twenty-fifth government, following the Labor Party's victory in the 1992 elections.
1 Although Ne'eman was not a Knesset member at the time, he was a member of Tehiya.
2 Although Deri was not a Knesset member at the time, he was a member of Shas.
- Factional and Government Make-Up of the Twelfth Knesset Knesset website
- Clive A. Jones. (1996). Soviet Jewish Aliyah, 1989-92: Impact and Implications for Israel and the Middle East. Routledge. ISBN 0-7146-4625-3.
Shlaim., Avi (1994). "Prelude to the Accord: Likud, Labour and the Palestinians". Journal of Palestine Studies. 23 (2): 5–19.
Morris, Benny (2011). Righteous Victims: A History of the Zionist-Arab Conflict, 1881-1998 (1st Vintage Books ed.). Vintage Books. p. 611. ISBN 0-679-74475-4.
- Tenth Knesset: Government 24 Knesset website