|Studio album by Chicago|
|Released||January 29, 1991|
|Label||Full Moon/Reprise Records|
Except "Explain It to My Heart": Humberto Gatica
Twenty 1 is the seventeenth studio album (and twenty-first overall) by the American band Chicago. Released on January 29, 1991, it was their first album of the 1990s. Twenty 1 spent eleven weeks on the American Billboard 200, peaking at position No. 66, and did not chart in the UK.
The production of Twenty 1 saw a significant personnel reconfiguration. The recent departure of founding drummer Danny Seraphine had made way for the band's "great new drummer" Tris Imboden. Session player John Keane played the majority of this album's drum tracks. Their touring guitarist since 1986, Dawayne Bailey, performed as an extra guitarist for Twenty 1's sessions.
Now the record company wants us to do Diane Warren songs. Two of them have been released as singles off of Twenty 1 and have stiffed [flopped], with one more soon to follow. If that one stiffs as well, then we need to think about what we're doing. I would rather fail doing our own thing than somebody else's thing.
The horns are back on Chicago Twenty 1, and the two things that I wrote on there were done especially to bring them back into the group sound. In spite of all of the success that Chicago has had since 17, for me, [the material has] not really been [authentic to] the band.— Robert Lamm
The band retained producer Ron Nevison, who'd already done Chicago 19. According to Nevison, work on the album was somewhat fragmented, with the band members rarely being in the studio together, and with work continuing with session musicians while the band was on tour. The fragmentation was furthered when Humberto Gatica was assigned to mix the final version of the album without Nevison's input.
They weren’t there every night to get a mix, like most bands, and take them home, and listen to them, and digest them. They were on tour … they came in when they needed to do stuff, and you do lose some continuity with that approach, but I don’t fault them for that.— Twenty 1 producer, Ron Nevison
Although the music for Twenty 1 was considered to be of a commercially viable nature, the shifting of popular musical trends toward the impending grunge movement, is said[who?] to have lost Chicago some valuable radio support. Nevison maintains that if his original mixes had been used, he'd have been much happier and the album could have theoretically been more successful: "It all would have worked if they’d left it alone. I promise you." The single "Chasin' The Wind" peaked at No. 39 and Twenty 1 peaked at #66 during its eleven-week period on the charts, making it their second least successful non-greatest hits album, only behind Chicago XIV.
For what was intended to be the band's twenty-second album, Stone of Sisyphus, Chicago hired producer Peter Wolf to develop what could be considered a more ambitious and experimental effort. That 1994 release was indefinitely postponed, and then finally released more than fourteen years later on June 17, 2008 as Chicago XXXII: Stone of Sisyphus. A demo of "Love Is Forever" from the Twenty 1 sessions was included on the Sisyphus release.
Three singles were released: "Chasin' the Wind" (B-side "Only Time Can Heal the Wounded") in January 1991, "Explain It to My Heart" (B-side "God Save The Queen") in April 1991, and "You Come to My Senses" (B-side "Who Do You Love") in August 1991. Twenty 1 would be Chicago's last full-length album release of original songs until Chicago XXX in 2006.
|Twenty 1||US Billboard 200||66|
|"Chasin' the Wind"||US Billboard Hot 100||39|
|US Adult Contemporary||13|
|"You Come to My Senses"||US Adult Contemporary||11|
|1.||"Explain It to My Heart"||Diane Warren||Jason Scheff, with Bill Champlin||4:44|
|2.||"If It Were You"||Jason Scheff/Darin Scheff/Tony Smith||Scheff||4:43|
|3.||"You Come to My Senses"||Billy Steinberg/Tom Kelly||Scheff||3:49|
|4.||"Somebody, Somewhere"||Bill Champlin/Dennis Matkosky/Kevin Dukes||Champlin||4:21|
|5.||"What Does It Take"||Scheff/Gerard McMahon||Scheff||4:38|
|6.||"One from the Heart"||Robert Lamm/McMahon||Robert Lamm||4:43|
|7.||"Chasin' the Wind"||Warren||Champlin||4:18|
|8.||"God Save the Queen"||James Pankow/Scheff||Champlin||4:19|
|9.||"Man to Woman"||Scheff/Adam Mitchell||Scheff||3:56|
|10.||"Only Time Can Heal the Wounded"||Lamm/McMahon||Lamm||4:43|
|11.||"Who Do You Love"||Champlin/Matkosky||Champlin||3:20|
|12.||"Holdin' On"||Champlin/Tom Saviano||Champlin, with Scheff||4:15|
- "Love is Forever" was recorded during the Twenty 1 sessions and later released as a bonus track on Chicago XXXII: Stone of Sisyphus.
- "Secrets of the Heart" remained unreleased from the final cut, circulating unofficially online. This song was replaced by God Save the Queen on the final cut.
- "Holdin' On" has been found online in demo form. This was recorded with Bill Champlin's wife, Tamara on lead vocals and Dawayne Bailey on guitars. This was recorded in 1988.
- Dawayne Bailey – guitars, background vocals
- Bill Champlin – keyboards, lead & background vocals, brass arrangements (11)
- Tris Imboden – drums, percussion
- Robert Lamm – keyboards, lead & background vocals, brass arrangements (6)
- Lee Loughnane – trumpet, flugelhorn, background vocals, brass arrangements (1-9,11,12)
- James Pankow – trombone, background vocals, brass arrangements (1-9,12)
- Walter Parazaider – woodwinds, background vocals
- Jason Scheff – bass, lead & background vocals
- John Keane – drums
- Robbie Buchanan – keyboards
- Efrain Toro – keyboards
- Tom Keane – keyboards
- Steve Porcaro – keyboard programming
- David Foster – acoustic piano
- Michael Landau – guitar
- Stephen "Doc" Kupka – baritone saxophone
- Jerry Hey – brass arrangements (10)
- Dennis Matkosky – co-brass arrangements (11)
- Produced and Engineered by Humberto Gatica (track No. 1)
- Produced and Engineered by Ron Nevison (tracks No. 2-12)
- Assistant Engineers – Jim Mitchell & Jeff Poe
- Additional Engineering – Alex Rodriguez
- Mixed by Humberto Gatica
- Production Assistant – Deandra Miller
- Photography – Chris Cuffaro
- Art Direction & Design – Kosh Brooks Design
- Management – Howard Kaufman & Peter Schivarelli
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (June 2009) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
- "Billboard 200: 1991: Chicago". Retrieved July 25, 2014.
- Polkow, Dennis (June 20, 1991). "It's Been No Saturday In The Park For Chicago". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved November 14, 2015.
- Nevison, Ron (May 28, 2010). Anatomy of an Album: Producer Ron Nevison Discusses "Chicago Twenty 1″. Interview with Jeff Giles. Popdose. Retrieved April 30, 2013.
- "Chicago – Awards: AllMusic". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved January 9, 2013.
- Whitburn, Joel (2002). Top Adult Contemporary 1961–2001. Record Research. ISBN 9780898201499.
- Twenty 1 at AllMusic. Retrieved June 8, 2013.
- Twenty 1 personnel credits at AllMusic. Retrieved April 30, 2013.