Twickenham (UK Parliament constituency)

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Twickenham
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Twickenham in Greater London.
County Greater London
Electorate 79,172 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Twickenham, Hampton and Teddington
Current constituency
Created 1918
Member of parliament Vince Cable (Liberal Democrats)
Number of members One
Created from Brentford
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency London

Twickenham is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2017 by Sir Vince Cable, the leader of the Liberal Democrats.[n 2]

In the period 2015 to 2017 the seat was represented by a Conservative, as between 1918 and 1997. Since 2017, it has been represented by a Liberal Democrat, as it was from 1997 to 2015. The boundaries of the seat are since 1945 similar to those of the abolished Metropolitan Borough of Twickenham.

Boundaries[edit]

Hampton Court Palace
Twickenham in Middlesex, 1918–45
Twickenham, 1945–50

1918-1945: The Urban Districts of Heston and Isleworth, and Twickenham.

1945: boundaries substantially changed - losing territory in the north to form Heston and Isleworth, gaining territory from Spelthorne to the south including Hampton, Teddington, Hampton Wick, Hampton Court Park and Bushy Park

1945-1974: The Municipal Borough of Twickenham.

Since 1974 formed from similar wards in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames as follows:

1974-1983: Central Twickenham, East Twickenham, Hampton, Hampton Hill, Hampton Wick, Heathfield, South Twickenham, Teddington, West Twickenham, and Whitton.

1983-1997: Central Twickenham, Hampton, Hampton Hill, Hampton Nursery, Hampton Wick, Heathfield, South Twickenham, Teddington, West Twickenham, and Whitton.

1997-2010: Central Twickenham, East Twickenham, Hampton, Hampton Hill, Hampton Nursery, Hampton Wick, Heathfield, South Twickenham, Teddington, West Twickenham, and Whitton.

2010-present: The London Borough of Richmond upon Thames wards of Fulwell and Hampton Hill, Hampton, Hampton North, Hampton Wick, Heathfield, St Margaret's and North Twickenham, South Twickenham, Teddington, Twickenham Riverside, West Twickenham, and Whitton.

The seat covers the south western half of the London Borough of Richmond, that part of the borough on the north bank of the River Thames.[n 3] It chiefly contains the towns or London districts of Twickenham, Hampton, Teddington and Whitton. Smaller sub-localities by order of commercial activity are Hampton Hill, Hampton Wick, St Margarets, Fulwell, Strawberry Hill and Hampton Court hamlet proper.[n 4] Features includes Hampton Court Palace, Bushy Park (one of the Royal Parks of London), and the Rugby Football Union's national ground, Twickenham Stadium.

History of boundaries[edit]

1918–1945

During this period the Hamptons (Hampton, Hampton Hill, Hampton Court and Hampton Wick) and Teddington were excluded from the seat, which instead contained two urban districts to the north of subsequent boundaries, Isleworth and Hounslow, an area at the time with key economic sectors of construction, brewing, warehousing and goods transportation. As such these areas had some support for the Labour Party, who in their best result in the seat, lost the 1929 by-election in the seat by 503 votes (1.6% of the vote).

1945-date

In 1945, the area saw as an unusual corollary to its shift southwards, the swing nationally, of +11.7% (Con-to-Lab) converted in the more strongly middle-class redefined seat to a major cut in the 24% Conservative majority [n 5] swinging −15.3% to a Liberal opponent, George Granville Slack. In February 1974 and from 1979 until seizing victory in 1997, the runner-up party became the Liberal Party or their successor, the Liberal Democrats and the ward boundaries became only slightly adjusted to reflect changes made in the borderlines made at the local level of government.

History[edit]

From 1931 until 1983, Twickenham was a safe seat of the Conservative Party and from 1983 until 1997 a marginal seat for that party.

Liberal Democrat Vince Cable gained the seat during the 1997 landslide Conservative defeat and held it until 2015. The seat was one of very few in Britain that gave the Liberal Democrats a majority of votes in the 2005 and 2010 elections, being their sixth best performance nationally in 2010.[n 6] Cable was Secretary of State for Business from 2010 to 2015, but unexpectedly lost his seat to the Conservative candidate Tania Mathias in the 2015 general election during the nationwide collapse in the Liberal Democrat vote.

Cable regained the seat in the 2017 snap election by a 14.8% majority and an absolute majority at 52.8% of the vote; this was the highest vote percentage for the Liberal Democrats in any constituency nationally.[2]

In recent elections, the seat has had notably high turnouts. At the 2015 general election, Twickenham had the highest turnout in England and the fourth highest in the UK.[3] In 2017, the turnout was 79.7%, the highest of any constituency in the UK.[4]

Constituency profile[edit]

As described by the boundaries, the area enjoys substantial parkland and Thameside landscapes, coupled with a variety of commuter train services to Central London including semi-fast services from Twickenham itself to London Waterloo.

Twickenham is the only constituency situated entirely within the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames and, as such, is made up completely of middle-class suburbia, similar to the neighbouring constituencies of Kingston & Surbiton, Richmond Park (both in Greater London) and Esher & Walton in Surrey. Workless claimants, registered jobseekers, were in November 2012 significantly lower in Twickenham than the national average of 3.8%, at 1.7% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian.[5]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Year Member Party Notes
1918 Sir William Joynson-Hicks Unionist Home Secretary (1924-1929), Minister of Health (1923-1924)
1929 by-election Sir John Ferguson Unionist
1932 by-election Hylton Murray-Philipson Conservative
1934 by-election Air Cdre Alfred Critchley Conservative
1935 Sir Edward Keeling Conservative
1955 by-election Gresham Cooke Conservative Died 22nd Feb 1970 - no by-election held
1970 Toby Jessel Conservative
1997 Dr Vince Cable Liberal Democrat Deputy Leader of the Liberal Democrats (2006-2010)
Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills & President of the Board of Trade (2010-2015)
2015 Tania Mathias Conservative
2017 Sir Vince Cable Liberal Democrat Leader of the Liberal Democrats

Election results[edit]

Results of UK House of Commons seat Twickenham since 1945 when substantially redrawn.

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2017: Twickenham[6] [7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Democrat Vince Cable 34,969 52.8 +14.8
Conservative Tania Mathias 25,207 38.0 -3.3
Labour Katherine Dunne 6,114 9.2 -2.3
Majority 9,762 14.8 N/A
Turnout 66,290 79.5 +2.2
Registered electors 83,362
Liberal Democrat gain from Conservative Swing +9.0
General Election 2015: Twickenham[8][9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Tania Mathias 25,580 41.3 +7.2
Liberal Democrat Vince Cable 23,563 38.0 −16.4
Labour Nick Grant 7,129 11.5 +3.8
UKIP Barry Edwards 3,069 4.9 +3.5
Green Tanya Williams 2,463 4.0 +2.8
Christian Dominic Stockford 174 0.3 N/A
Magna Carta David Wedgwood 26 0.0 N/A
Majority 2,017 3.3 N/A
Turnout 62,004 77.3 +2.5
Registered electors 80,250
Conservative gain from Liberal Democrat Swing +11.8
General Election 2010: Twickenham[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Democrat Vince Cable 32,483 54.4 +2.7
Conservative Deborah Thomas 20,343 34.1 +1.7
Labour Brian Tomlinson 4,583 7.7 −3.7
UKIP Brian Gilbert 868 1.5 +0.0
Green Stephen Roest 674 1.1 −1.7
BNP Chris Hurst 654 1.1 N/A
Citizens for Undead Rights and Equality Harry Cole 76 0.1 N/A
Magna Carta Paul Armstrong 40 0.0 N/A
Majority 12,140 20.3 +1.0
Turnout 59,721 74.8 +2.4
Registered electors 80,569
Liberal Democrat hold Swing +0.5

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Twickenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Democrat Vince Cable 26,696 51.6 +2.9
Conservative Paul Maynard 16,731 32.4 −1.0
Labour Brian Whitington 5,868 11.4 −2.4
Green Henry B. Leveson-Gower 1,445 2.8 0.0
UKIP Douglas Orchard 766 1.5 +0.3
Independent Brian P. Gibert 117 0.2 N/A
Rainbow Dream Ticket George Weiss 64 0.1 N/A
Majority 9,965 19.3 +4.0
Turnout 51,687 71.8 +5.4
Registered electors 71,444
Liberal Democrat hold Swing +2.0
General Election 2001: Twickenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Democrat Vince Cable 24,344 48.7 +3.6
Conservative Nicholas Longworth 16,689 33.4 −4.3
Labour Dean Rogers 6,903 13.8 −1.8
Green Judith Maciejowska 1,423 2.8 N/A
UKIP Ray Hollebone 579 1.2 N/A
Majority 7,655 15.3 +8.0
Turnout 49,938 66.4 −12.6
Registered electors 72,225
Liberal Democrat hold Swing +4.0

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Twickenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Democrat Vince Cable 26,237 45.1 +5.4
Conservative Toby Jessel 21,956 37.8 −12.6
Labour Eva Tutchell 9,065 15.6 +6.3
Independent English Conservative and Referendum Jane Harrison 589 1.0 N/A
Rainbow Dream Ticket Terence D. Haggar 155 0.3 N/A
Natural Law Anthony J.W. Hardy 142 0.2 −0.1
Majority 4,281 7.3 N/A
Turnout 58,144 79.3 -4.9
Registered electors 73,569
Liberal Democrat gain from Conservative Swing -8.8
General Election 1992: Twickenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Toby Jessel 26,804 50.4 −1.5
Liberal Democrat Vince Cable 21,093 39.7 +1.4
Labour Michael D. Gold 4,919 9.3 +0.9
Natural Law Gary P. Gill 152 0.3 N/A
Democratic Liberal and Conservatives D.W. Griffith 103 0.2 N/A
Liberal A.J. Miners 85 0.2 N/A
Majority 5,711 10.7 −2.8
Turnout 53,156 84.2 +2.7
Registered electors 63,072
Conservative hold Swing −1.5

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Twickenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Toby Jessel 27,331 51.9 +1.5
Liberal John Waller 20,204 38.3 −2.5
Labour Valerie Vaz 4,415 8.4 +0.9
Green David Batchelor 746 1.4 +0.5
Majority 7,127 13.5 +3.9
Turnout 52,696 81.5 +3.7
Registered electors 64,661
Conservative hold Swing −0.5
General Election 1983: Twickenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Toby Jessel 25,110 50.4 −1.8
Liberal John Waller 20,318 40.8 +10.9
Labour P.A. Nicholas 3,732 7.5 −9.2
Ecology John J. Clarke 424 0.9 N/A
National Front T.J. Denville-Faulkner 234 0.5 −0.7
Independent R.W. Kenyon 40 0.1 N/A
Majority 4,792 9.6 -12.8
Turnout 49,858 77.8 -2.5
Registered electors 64,116
Conservative hold Swing +7.0

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Twickenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Toby Jessel 30,017 52.2 +5.7
Liberal John Waller 17,169 29.9 +5.7
Labour David Wetzel 9,591 16.7 −12.1
National Front M. Braithwaite 686 1.2 N/A
Majority 12,848 22.4 +4.7
Turnout 57,463 80.3 +5.9
Registered electors 71,535
Conservative hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Twickenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Toby Jessel 24,959 46.5 +0.2
Labour M. Cunningham 15,452 28.8 +2.1
Liberal Stephen Kramer 13,021 24.2 −2.8
Anti EEC W. Burgess 287 0.5 N/A
Majority 9,507 17.7 -1.6
Turnout 53,719 74.4 -8.7
Registered electors 72,210
Conservative hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Twickenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Toby Jessel 27,595 46.3 -8.1
Liberal Stephen Kramer 16,092 27.0 +14.6
Labour Ronald M. Taylor 15,909 26.7 -5.6
Majority 11,503 19.3 -2.8
Turnout 59,596 83.1 +12.2
Registered electors 71,682
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1970: Twickenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Toby Jessel 28,571 54.4 +6.7
Labour John H.W. Grant 16,950 32.3 -1.7
Liberal David Kenneth Rebak 6,516 12.4 -5.9
Independent Richard Franklin 462 0.9 N/A
Majority 11,621 22.1 +8.4
Turnout 52,499 70.9 -7.7
Registered electors 74,038
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Twickenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Gresham Cooke 26,512 47.7 -1.2
Labour David Carlton 18,884 34.0 +6.8
Liberal Simon Goldblatt 10,160 18.3 -3.7
Majority 7,628 13.7 -8.1
Turnout 55,556 78.6 +0.9
Registered electors 70,675
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1964: Twickenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Gresham Cooke 27,427 48.9 -8.3
Labour W Eric Wolff 15,231 27.2 -1.1
Liberal John Woolfe 12,306 22.0 +7.4
Nuclear Disarmament Michael H. Craft 1,073 1.9 N/A
Majority 12,196 21.8 -7.1
Turnout 56,037 77.7 -2.1
Registered electors 72,154
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Twickenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Gresham Cooke 33,677 57.2 -1.2
Labour Anne Kerr 16,638 28.3 -1.9
Liberal Kenwyn Arthur Powell 8,589 14.6 +3.1
Majority 17,039 28.9 +0.7
Turnout 58,904 79.8 +2.8
Registered electors 73,852
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955: Twickenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Gresham Cooke 33,726 58.4 -2.7
Labour Pat O'Gorman 17,450 30.2 -7.7
Liberal Margaret Neilson 6,626 11.5 N/A
Majority 16,276 28.2 +4.0
Turnout 57,802 77.0 -4.3
Registered electors 75,106
Conservative hold Swing
Twickenham by-election, 1955[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Gresham Cooke 23,075 64.0 +1.9
Labour R. P. Pitman 12,953 36.0 -1.9
Majority 10,122 28.1 +3.8
Turnout 36,028 47.3 -38.4
Registered electors 76,147
Conservative hold Swing -1.9
General Election 1951: Twickenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Edward Keeling 39,080 62.1 +6.2
Labour Ethel E.B. Chipchase 23,871 37.9 +2.8
Majority 15,209 24.2 +3.4
Turnout 62,951 81.3 -4.4
Registered electors 77,444
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1950: Twickenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Edward Keeling 36,757 55.9 +7.9
Labour John Stonehouse 23,088 35.1 -6.8
Liberal Derek Alan Forwood 5,950 9.0 -1.2
Majority 13,669 20.8 +14.7
Turnout 65,795 85.7 +11.7
Registered electors 76,810
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Twickenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Edward Keeling 26,045 48.0 -15.3
Labour Arthur Irvine 22,736 41.9 +4.2
Liberal Granville Slack 5,509 10.2 N/A
Majority 3,309 6.1 -18.4
Turnout 54,290 74.0 +7.5
Registered electors 73,336
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Twickenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Edward Keeling 37,635 62.3 -11.7
Labour Co-op Percy Holman 22,823 37.7 +11.7
Majority 14,812 24.5 -23.5
Turnout 60,458 66.5 -4.8
Registered electors 90,929
Conservative hold Swing
Twickenham by-election, 1934
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Alfred Critchley 23,395 56.1 -0.1
Labour Co-op Percy Holman 19,890 43.9 +0.1
Majority 5,505 12.2 -0.2
Turnout 43,285 55.5 +3.6
Registered electors 81,529
Conservative hold Swing -0.1
Twickenham by-election, 1932
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Hylton Murray-Philipson 21,688 56.2 -17.8
Labour Co-op Percy Holman 16,881 43.8 +17.8
Majority 4,807 12.4 -35.6
Turnout 38,569 51.9 -19.4
Registered electors 74,272
Conservative hold Swing 17.8
General Election, 1931: Twickenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Ferguson 39,161 74.0 +26.3
Labour Co-op Percy Holman 13,793 26.0 -20.1
Majority 25,398 48.0 +46.4
Turnout 42,954 71.3 +21.8
Registered electors 74,272
Conservative hold Swing +23.2

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

Twickenham by-election, 1929
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist John Ferguson 14,705 47.7 -0.8
Labour Thomas Jackson Mason 14,202 46.1 +11.3
Liberal Frederick Paterson 1,920 6.2 -10.5
Majority 503 1.6 -12.1
Turnout 30,827 49.5 -20.3
Registered electors 62,264
Unionist hold Swing -6.6
General Election 1929: Twickenham[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist William Joynson-Hicks 21,087 48.5 -21.9
Labour Thomas Jackson Mason 15,121 34.8 +5.2
Liberal Frederick Paterson 7,246 16.7 N/A
Majority 5,966 13.7 -27.1
Turnout 43,454 69.8 -0.2
Registered electors 62,263
Unionist hold Swing -13.6
General Election 1924: Twickenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist William Joynson-Hicks 18,889 70.4 +15.0
Labour Stanley Simon Sherman 7,945 29.6 +5.9
Majority 10,944 40.8 +9.1
Turnout 26,834 70.0 +8.0
Registered electors 38,353
Unionist hold Swing +4.6
Joynson-Hicks
General Election 1923: Twickenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist William Joynson-Hicks 12,903 55.4 N/A
Labour Stanley Simon Sherman 5,509 23.7 N/A
Liberal Charles Baker 4,858 20.9 N/A
Majority 7,394 31.7 N/A
Turnout 23,270 62.0 N/A
Registered electors 37,558
Unionist hold Swing N/A
General Election 1922 : Twickenham [12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist William Joynson-Hicks Unopposed
Registered electors 37,073
Unionist hold

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918 Twickenham[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
C Unionist William Joynson-Hicks 14,015 83.2 N/A
Labour Humphrey Chalmers 2,823 16.8 N/A
Majority 11,192 66.4 N/A
Turnout 16,838 48.2 N/A
Registered electors 34,924
Unionist win (new seat)
C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. ^ However mostly further south as the river is on a north-south axis at this point
  4. ^ An ill-defined but major neighbourhood of East Molesey often self-identifies as and ascribes to itself Hampton Court by virtue of its station and long standing sweep of shops of that name, across historic and actual boundaries, across the Thames in Surrey, this is not part of the Hampton Court hamlet mentioned.
  5. ^ Also known as one-party swing
  6. ^ By share of the vote, behind five seats: Orkney and Shetland, Westmoreland and Lonsdale, Bath, Yeovil, and Norfolk North
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ "GE2017 - Constituency results". Britain Elects (Google Docs). Retrieved 11 June 2017. 
  3. ^ "Turnout - General Elections Online". geo.digiminster. 
  4. ^ "Results of the 2017 General Election". BBC News. 
  5. ^ Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
  6. ^ "Vince Cable is to run for parliament in snap election". The Independent. 18 April 2017. 
  7. ^ http://researchbriefings.files.parliament.uk/documents/CBP-7979/CBP-7979.pdf
  8. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  9. ^ "Election results for Twickenham, 7 May 2015". 7 May 2015. 
  10. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  11. ^ British Parliament by-election: 1955
  12. ^ a b c Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°25′41″N 0°20′42″W / 51.428°N 0.345°W / 51.428; -0.345