Twickenham railway station

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Twickenham National Rail
Twickenham Station geograph-4044912-by-Ben-Brooksbank.jpg
Twickenham is located in Greater London
Twickenham
Twickenham
Location of Twickenham in Greater London
LocationTwickenham
Local authorityLondon Borough of Richmond upon Thames
Managed bySouth Western Railway
Station codeTWI
DfT categoryC1
Number of platforms4[1]
Fare zone5
National Rail annual entry and exit
2013–14Increase 5.758 million[2]
2014–15Increase 6.013 million[2]
2015–16Increase 6.535 million[2]
2016–17Decrease 5.924 million[2]
– interchange  0.459 million[2]
2017–18Decrease 5.595 million[2]
– interchange Decrease 0.417 million[2]
Key dates
22 August 1848Opened
28 March 1954Resited 230m east
Other information
Lists of stations
External links
WGS8451°27′01″N 0°19′47″W / 51.4504°N 0.3296°W / 51.4504; -0.3296Coordinates: 51°27′01″N 0°19′47″W / 51.4504°N 0.3296°W / 51.4504; -0.3296
Underground sign at Westminster.jpg London transport portal
170433 at Edinburgh Waverley.JPG UK Railways portal

Twickenham railway station is in Twickenham in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames, and is in Travelcard Zone 5. By track it is 11 miles 22 chains (18.1 km) from London Waterloo. Only one main street abuts the station — at its west end — London Road running between a trunk road south of Twickenham Stadium and the town centre to the south including the town's public section of riverside.

The station and all trains serving it are operated by South Western Railway. Apart from Richmond Railway Bridge it is at the heart of a long section of two tracks at grade (i.e. the level of the surrounding land) between Putney and Egham. Between about this point and St Margarets station, 500 metres east, are three tracks instead of two. Adding to the station's use, west are returning ends of the Kingston and Hounslow Loop Lines. A street runs against the south side of the station meaning the westbound platform has long been in island format and doubles as the fast and semi-fast services' eastbound platform.

History[edit]

The predecessor, a neo-gothic station, was built by the London and Windsor Railway on the west of London Road bridge, opening on 22 August 1848.[3]

Preparatory work for rebuilding by the Southern Railway in its "Southern Odeon" style on the east of London Road was halted by the outbreak of World War II,[4] with most trackwork and the vertical edgings of the five planned through platforms in place. After the war some platforms were made level for rugby spectators' trains which were hand-flagged through the station. In 28 March 1954 a completely rebuilt station came into use with three through tracks. The two main up platforms face each other. The slower of these sees more than half of services join from a flyover to the south which coupled with the three tracks to St Margarets ensures no hold-ups needed to fast services eastbound.

Platform 1 has not existed as a functioning entity since before 2003; platform 2 has had the conductor rails removed between 2003 and 2006 [5]. The trackbeds of both are now (2018) obstructed by temporary buildings.[6] Platform 3 (in 2018) has a direct access from the street available via a queuing area used during events at Twickenham Stadium.

On 4 February 1996, South West Trains ran the first re-privatised service nationally. This ran from Twickenham to London at 05:10. The last regular-scheduled privatised train on the main network was 48 years before.

Services[edit]

The typical off-peak service from the station in trains per hour is:[7]

Lines[edit]

Platform 5, with the Bridge House office building in the background.
Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
Richmond   South Western Railway
Waterloo to Reading
  Feltham
or Whitton
  South Western Railway
Waterloo to Windsor
  Whitton
St Margarets   South Western Railway
Hounslow Loop
  Whitton
  South Western Railway
Kingston Loop
  Strawberry Hill

Connections[edit]

The station is on bus routes to places including Brentford, Whitton and Hounslow.

A taxi rank adjoins the booking hall.

Future[edit]

The RFU had petitioned the government to improve the station to be ready to handle the increased use during the 2015 Rugby World Cup. Network Rail invested in plans in partnership with Kier Property [8] and new rolling stock was ordered. The partnership's boldest plans were countered by a residents action group. The Supreme Court refused leave to appeal from a series of pro-plan rulings in Summer 2013.[9] The process led to reduced density and aesthetically enhanced plans and construction started in 2017.[10] Enlargement of the complex to be mounted on a broad "podium", an outside street-level plaza, about 115 apartments, new retail units and a permanently open at-grade northern access point are being built in a programme of works forecast to end in 2020.[10][11]

The works include two northern entrances with direct access and footbridge access respectively to platforms 2 and 3 (platform 1 as currently labelled is a siding); and a riverside walk beside the Crane, a large stream or small river linked to its associated Moor Mead park in Twickenham.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Rail Enquiries -". Retrieved 2017-12-13.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "Station usage estimates". Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation. Please note: Some methodology may vary year on year.
  3. ^ The Times, Thursday 24 August 1848
  4. ^ Mitchell, Vic; Smith, Keith (1988). Waterloo to Windsor. Middleton Press. p. 70. ISBN 0-906520-54-1.
  5. ^ Google Earth satellite images 2003-2018
  6. ^ Google Earth satellite image dated 5 Jul 2018
  7. ^ Table 149 National Rail timetable, May 2016
  8. ^ "Twickenham". Solum Regeneration. Archived from the original on 21 April 2013. Retrieved 29 October 2012.
  9. ^ "Twickenham Residents Action Group". Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  10. ^ a b c Twickenham Station development London Borough of Richmond upon Thames, 2017
  11. ^ "£5.2m Twickenham station improvements in time for 2015 Rugby World Cup". Archived from the original on 19 July 2014. Retrieved 19 March 2014.

External links[edit]