Twilight (2008 film)
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Catherine Hardwicke|
|Produced by||Wyck Godfrey
|Screenplay by||Melissa Rosenberg|
by Stephenie Meyer
|Music by||Carter Burwell|
|Edited by||Nancy Richardson|
|Distributed by||Summit Entertainment|
126 minutes (Extended cut)
Twilight is a 2008 American romantic fantasy film based on Stephenie Meyer's popular novel of the same name. Directed by Catherine Hardwicke, the film stars Kristen Stewart and Robert Pattinson. It is the first film in The Twilight Saga film series. This film focuses on the development of the relationship between Bella Swan (a teenage girl) and Edward Cullen (a vampire), and the subsequent efforts of Edward and his family to keep Bella safe from a coven of evil vampires.
The project was in development for approximately three years at Paramount Pictures, during which time a screen adaptation that differed significantly from the novel was written. Summit Entertainment acquired the rights to the novel after three years of the project's stagnant development. Melissa Rosenberg wrote a new adaptation of the novel shortly before the 2007–2008 Writers Guild of America strike and sought to be faithful to the novel's storyline. Principal photography took 44 days and completed on May 2, 2008; the film was primarily shot in Oregon.
Twilight was theatrically released on November 21, 2008; it grossed over US$393 million worldwide. It was released on DVD March 21, 2009 and became the most purchased DVD of the year. The soundtrack was released on November 4, 2008. Following the film's success, New Moon and Eclipse, the next two novels in the series, were produced as films the following year.
Seventeen-year-old Isabella "Bella" Swan moves to Forks, a small town on Washington's Olympic Peninsula, to live with her father, Charlie. Her mother, Renée, is remarried to a minor league baseball player, and they travel often to attend games. Bella makes several friends at her new high school, but she is intrigued by the mysterious and aloof Cullen siblings. Bella sits next to Edward Cullen in biology class on her first day of school, but he seems to be repulsed by her. After a week of absence from school, Edward comes back and talks to Bella normally. A few days later, Bella is nearly struck by a van in the school parking lot. Edward saves her by instantaneously covering a distance of over 30 feet and putting himself between Bella and the van, stopping it with only his hand and making a conspicuous dent. He subsequently refuses to explain his actions to Bella and warns her against befriending him.
After much research, Bella concludes that Edward is a vampire. He eventually confirms this but says he and the other Cullens only consume animal blood. The pair fall in love, and Edward introduces Bella to his vampire family. Carlisle Cullen, the family patriarch, is a doctor working in Forks. His wife is Esme, and Alice, Jasper, Emmett, and Rosalie are their informally adopted children. Edward and Bella's relationship is soon put in jeopardy, when three nomadic vampires—James, Victoria, and Laurent—arrive in Forks. James, a tracker vampire with incredible hunting instincts, is instantly intrigued by Edward's protectiveness over a human, which incites him to hunt Bella for sport. Edward and the other Cullens risk their lives to protect Bella, but James tracks her to Phoenix, where she is hiding with Jasper and Alice. James lures Bella into a trap by falsely claiming that he is holding her mother hostage. James breaks Bella's leg before biting her wrist, infecting her with vampire venom. After a ferocious fight, Edward subdues James just as the other Cullens arrive. Alice, Emmett, and Jasper destroy James, decapitating and burning him, as Edward sucks the venom from Bella's wrist, preventing her from turning into a vampire. Upon returning to Forks, Edward accompanies Bella to the high school prom, where he refuses to grant her request that he transform her into a vampire. As the couple dance, they are unaware that James' mate, Victoria, is secretly watching, plotting revenge for her lover's death.
- Main cast
- Kristen Stewart as Bella Swan, a seventeen-year-old girl who moves to the small town of Forks, Washington from Phoenix, Arizona and falls in love with Edward Cullen, a vampire. Her life is endangered after James, a sadistic vampire, decides to hunt her.
- Robert Pattinson as Edward Cullen, a 108-year-old vampire who was changed in 1918 and still appears to be seventeen. He is Bella's love interest and eventually falls in love with her. He has the ability to read minds, with the exception of Bella's, along with superhuman speed.
- Secondary cast
- Peter Facinelli as Carlisle Cullen, a compassionate 300-plus-year-old vampire who looks to be in his early 30s. He serves as the town's physician and is the Cullen family patriarch.
- Elizabeth Reaser as Esme Cullen, Carlisle's vampire wife and the matriarch of the Cullen family.
- Ashley Greene as Alice Cullen, Jasper Cullen's mate, a vampire who can see the future based on decisions that people make.
- Kellan Lutz as Emmett Cullen, physically the strongest vampire of the family.
- Nikki Reed as Rosalie Hale, Emmett Cullen's mate, a vampire described as the most beautiful person in the world. She is hostile toward Bella throughout the film, worried that Edward's relationship with a human puts their clan at risk.
- Jackson Rathbone as Jasper Hale, a Cullen family member who can manipulate emotions. He is the newest member of the Cullen family, and thus has the most difficulty maintaining their "vegetarian" diet of feeding only on animal rather than human blood.
- Billy Burke as Charlie Swan, Bella's father and Forks' Chief of Police.
- Cam Gigandet as James Witherdale, the leader of a group of nomadic vampires that intends to kill Bella. He is Victoria's mate and a gifted tracker, due to his unparalleled senses.
- Rachelle Lefèvre as Victoria Sutherland, James' mate who assists him in hunting Bella.
- Edi Gathegi as Laurent Da Revin, the most civilized member of James' coven.
- Sarah Clarke as Renée Dwyer, Bella's mother who lives in Arizona with her new husband, Phil.
- Taylor Lautner as Jacob Black, an old childhood friend of Bella and a member of the Quileute tribe.
- Christian Serratos as Angela Weber, one of Bella's new friends in Forks.
- Michael Welch as Mike Newton, one of Bella's new friends who vies for her attention.
- Anna Kendrick as Jessica Stanley, Bella's first friend in Forks.
- Gregory Tyree Boyce as Tyler Crowley, another one of Bella's classmates, also vying for Bella's attention. He nearly hits Bella with his van.
- Justin Chon as Eric Yorkie, another one of Bella's classmates who vies for her attention.
Stephenie Meyer's paranormal romance novel Twilight was originally optioned by Paramount Pictures' MTV Films in April 2004, but the screenplay that was subsequently developed was substantially different from its source material. When Summit Entertainment reinvented itself as a full-service studio in April 2007, it began development of a film adaptation anew, having picked up the rights from Paramount (who coincidentally had made an unrelated film with the same title in 1998) in a turnaround. The company perceived the film as an opportunity to launch a franchise based on the success of Meyer's book and its sequels. Catherine Hardwicke was hired to direct the film and Melissa Rosenberg was hired to write the script in mid-2007.
Rosenberg developed an outline by the end of August, and collaborated with Hardwicke on writing the screenplay during the following month. Rosenberg said Hardwicke "was a great sounding board and had all sorts of brilliant ideas.... I'd finish off scenes and send them to her, and get back her notes." Due to the impending Writers Guild of America strike, Rosenberg worked full-time to finish the screenplay before October 31. In adapting the novel, she "had to condense a great deal." Some characters from the novel were not featured in the screenplay, whereas some characters were combined into others. "[O]ur intent all along was to stay true to the book", Rosenberg explained, "and it has to do less with adapting it word for word and more with making sure the characters' arcs and emotional journeys are the same." Hardwicke suggested the use of voice over to convey Bella's internal dialogue — since the novel is told from her point of view — and she sketched some of the storyboards during pre-production.
Adaptation from source material
The filmmakers behind Twilight worked to create a film that was as faithful to the novel as they thought possible when converting the story to another medium, with producer Greg Mooradian saying, "It's very important to distinguish that we're making a separate piece of art that obviously is going to remain very, very faithful to the book.... But at the same time, we have a separate responsibility to make the best movie you can make." To ensure a faithful adaptation, Meyer was kept very involved in the production process, having been invited to visit the set during filming and even asked to give notes on the script and on a rough cut of the film. Of this process, she said, "It was a really pleasant exchange [between me and the filmmakers] from the beginning, which I think is not very typical. They were really interested in my ideas", and, "...they kept me in the loop and with the script, they let me see it and said, 'What are your thoughts?'... They let me have input on it and I think they took 90 percent of what I said and just incorporated it right in to the script." Meyer fought for one line in particular, one of the most well-known from the book about "the lion and the lamb", to be kept verbatim in the film: "I actually think the way Melissa [Rosenberg] wrote it sounded better for the movie [...] but the problem is that line is actually tattooed on peoples' bodies [...] But I said, 'You know, if you take that one and change it, that's a potential backlash situation.'" Meyer was even invited to create a written list of things that could not be changed for the film, such as giving the vampires fangs or killing characters who do not die in the book, that the studio agreed to follow. The consensus among critics is that the filmmakers succeeded in making a film that is very faithful to its source material, with one reviewer stating that, with a few exceptions, "Twilight the movie is unerringly faithful to the source without being hamstrung by it."
However, as is most often the case with film adaptations, differences do exist between the film and source material. Certain scenes from the book were cut from the film, such as a biology room scene where Bella's class does blood typing. Hardwicke explains, "Well [the book is] almost 500 pages—you do have to do the sweetened condensed milk version of that.... We already have two scenes in biology: the first time they're in there and then the second time when they connect. For a film, when you condense, you don't want to keep going back to the same setting over and over. So that's not in there." The settings of certain conversations in the book were also changed to make the scenes more "visually dynamic" on-screen, such as Bella's revelation that she knows Edward is a vampire—this happens in a meadow in the film instead of in Edward's car as in the novel. A biology field trip scene is added to the film to condense the moments of Bella's frustration at trying to explain how Edward saved her from being crushed by a van. The villainous vampires are introduced earlier in the film than in the novel. Rosenberg said that "you don't really see James and the other villains until to the last quarter of the book, which really won't work for a movie. You need that ominous tension right off the bat. We needed to see them and that impending danger from the start. And so I had to create back story for them, what they were up to, to flesh them out a bit as characters." Rosenberg also combined some of the human high school students, with Lauren Mallory and Jessica Stanley in the novel becoming the character of Jessica in the film, and a "compilation of a couple of different human characters" becoming Eric Yorkie. About these variances from the book, Mooradian stated, "I think we did a really judicious job of distilling [the book]. Our greatest critic, Stephenie Meyer, loves the screenplay, and that tells me that we made all the right choices in terms of what to keep and what to lose. Invariably, you're going to lose bits and pieces that certain members of the audience are going to desperately want to see, but there's just a reality that we're not making 'Twilight: The Book' the movie."
Kristen Stewart was on the set of Adventureland when Hardwicke visited her for an informal screen test that "captivated" the director. Hardwicke had trouble finding an actor otherworldly enough to play vampire Edward Cullen. Then she got a call about a guy in London. "I looked at a couple pictures and was like, ‘I’m not sure,’?" Hardwicke says. "He had been fired from his last job, he was unemployed, he was in debt." Pattinson flew to Los Angeles on his own dime to read with Stewart. Shiloh Fernandez, Jackson Rathbone, Ben Barnes, and Robert Pattinson were the final four up for the role of Edward. Hardwicke did not initially choose Robert Pattinson for the role of Edward Cullen, but after an audition at her home with Stewart, he was selected. Hardwicke said, "Kristen was like, ‘It’s got to be Rob!’ She felt connected to him from the first moment. That electricity, or love at first sight, or whatever it is." Hardwicke gave him the part, but he had to make a promise. "You’ve got to realize that Kristen is 17 years old," Hardwicke told him, "She’s underage. You’ve got to focus, dude, or you’re going to be arrested. I made him swear on a stack of Bibles." Pattinson was unfamiliar with the novel series prior to his screen test but read the books later on. Meyer allowed him to view a manuscript of the unfinished Midnight Sun, which chronicles the events in Twilight from Edward's point of view. Fan reaction to Pattinson's casting as Edward was initially negative; Rachelle Lefèvre remarked that "[e]very woman had their own Edward [that] they had to let go of before they could open up to [him], which they did." Meyer was "excited" and "ecstatic" in response to the casting of the two main characters. She had expressed interest in having Emily Browning and Henry Cavill cast as Bella and Edward, respectively, prior to pre-production.
Peter Facinelli was not originally cast as Carlisle Cullen. "[Hardwicke] liked me, but there was another actor that the studio was pushing for", Facinelli said. For unknown reasons, that actor was not able to play the part and Facinelli was selected in his place. The choice of Ashley Greene to portray Alice Cullen was the subject of fan criticism due to Greene being 7 inches (18 cm) taller than her character as described in the novel. Meyer had also stated that Rachael Leigh Cook resembled her vision of Alice. Nikki Reed had previously worked with Hardwicke on Thirteen, which they wrote together, and Lords of Dogtown. Reed commented, "I don't want to say it's a coincidence, because we do work well together, and we have a great history. I think we make good work, but it's more that the people that hire [Hardwicke] to direct a film of theirs [have] most likely seen her other work."
Kellan Lutz was in Africa shooting the HBO miniseries Generation Kill when the auditions for the character of Emmett Cullen were conducted. The role had already been cast by the time that production ended in December 2007, but the actor who had been selected "fell through"; Lutz subsequently auditioned and was flown to Oregon, where Hardwicke personally chose him. Rachelle Lefèvre was interested in pursuing a role in the film because Hardwicke was attached to the project as director; there was also "the potential to explore a character, hopefully, over three films"; and she wanted to portray a vampire. She "thought that vampires were basically the best metaphor for human anxiety and questions about being alive." Christian Serratos initially auditioned for Jessica Stanley, but she "fell totally in love with Angela" after reading the novels and successfully took advantage of a later opportunity to audition for Angela Weber. The role of Jessica Stanley went to Anna Kendrick, who got the part after two mix-and-match auditions with various actors.
Filming and post-production
On a bed in Catherine Hardwicke's house is where Pattinson kissed Stewart for the first time for the Twilight screen test. "That bed made Pattinson who he is right now," says Reed. That’s also where Hardwicke auditioned Evan Rachel Wood, when she had her get into her bed with Nikki Reed for the film Thirteen. When asked about her lair, Hardwicke says, "MTV came and did an episode in my house filming the bed. It’s legendary." Principal photography took 44 days, after more than a week of rehearsals, and completed on May 2, 2008. Similar to her directorial debut Thirteen, Hardwicke opted for an extensive use of hand-held cinematography to make the film "feel real". Meyer visited the production set three times and was consulted on different aspects of the story; she also has a brief cameo in the film. Cast members who portrayed vampires avoided sunlight to make their skin pale, though makeup was also applied for that effect, and wore contact lenses: "We did the golden color because the Cullens have those golden eyes. And then, when we're hungry, we have to pop the black ones in," Facinelli explained. They also participated in rehearsals with a dance choreographer and observed the physicality of different panthera to make their bodily movements more elegant.
Scenes were filmed primarily in Portland, Oregon. Stunt work was done mainly by the cast. The fight sequence between Gigandet and Pattinson's characters in a ballet studio, which was filmed during the first week of production, involved a substantial amount of wire work because the vampires in the story have superhuman strength and speed. Gigandet incorporated mixed martial arts fighting moves in this sequence, which involved chicken and honey as substitutes for flesh. Bella, the protagonist, is unconscious during these events, and since the novel is told from her point of view, such action sequences are illustrative and unique to the film. Pattinson noted that maintaining one's center of gravity is difficult when doing wire work "because you have to really fight against it as well as letting it do what it needs to do." Lefèvre found the experience disorienting since forward motion was out of her control.
Instead of shooting at Forks High School itself, scenes taking place at the school were filmed at Kalama High School and Madison High School. Other scenes were filmed in St. Helens, and Hardwicke conducted some reshooting in Pasadena, California, in August. Twilight was originally scheduled to be theatrically released in the United States on December 12, 2008, but its release date was changed to November 21 after Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince was rescheduled for an opening in July 2009. Two teaser trailers, as well as some additional scenes, were released for the film, as well as a final trailer, which was released on October 9. A 15-minute excerpt of Twilight was presented during the International Rome Film Festival in Italy. The film received a rating of PG-13 from the Motion Picture Association of America for "some violence and a scene of sensuality".
The score for Twilight was composed by Carter Burwell, with the rest of the soundtrack chosen by music supervisor Alexandra Patsavas. Meyer was consulted on the soundtrack, which includes music by Muse and Linkin Park, bands she listened to while writing the novels. The original soundtrack was released on November 4, 2008, by Chop Shop Records in conjunction with Atlantic Records. It debuted at number 1 on the Billboard 200.
Twilight grossed over $7 million in ticket sales from midnight showings alone on November 21, 2008. The film is fifth overall on Fandango's list of top advance ticket sales, outranked only by its sequel the following year, Star Wars: Episode III – Revenge of the Sith (2005), The Dark Knight (2008), and Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (2009). It grossed $35.7 million on its opening day. For its opening weekend in the United States and Canada, Twilight accumulated $69.6 million from 3,419 theaters at an average of $20,368 per theater. The film grossed $192,769,854 in the United States and Canada, and $199,846,771 in international territories for a total of $392,616,625. Its opening weekend gross was the highest ever of a female-directed film, surpassing that of Deep Impact (1998).
Twilight received mixed reviews from critics. Based on 207 reviews collected by Rotten Tomatoes, the film has a rating of 48%, with a weighted average score of 5.4/10. The site's critical consensus reads: "Having lost much of its bite transitioning to the big screen, Twilight will please its devoted fans, but do little for the uninitiated." On Metacritic, which assigns a weighted mean rating out of 100 reviews from film critics, it has an average score of 56 from the 37 reviews. New York Press critic Armond White called the film "a genuine pop classic", and praised Hardwicke for turning "Meyer's book series into a Brontë-esque vision." Roger Ebert gave the film two-and-a-half stars out of four and wrote, "I saw it at a sneak preview. Last time I saw a movie in that same theater, the audience welcomed it as an opportunity to catch up on gossip, texting, and laughing at private jokes. This time the audience was rapt with attention". In his review for the Los Angeles Times, Kenneth Turan wrote, "Twilight is unabashedly a romance. All the story's inherent silliness aside, it is intent on conveying the magic of meeting that one special person you've been waiting for. Maybe it is possible to be 13 and female for a few hours after all". USA Today gave the film two out of four stars and Claudia Puig wrote, "Meyer is said to have been involved in the production of Twilight, but her novel was substantially more absorbing than the unintentionally funny and quickly forgettable film". Entertainment Weekly gave the film a "B" rating and Owen Gleiberman praised Hardwicke's direction: "She has reconjured Meyer's novel as a cloudburst mood piece filled with stormy skies, rippling hormones, and understated visual effects".
|Wikinews has related news: "Twilight" DVD sells 3 million copies in first day|
The film was released on DVD in North America on March 21, 2009, through midnight release parties, and sold over 3 million units in its first day. It was released on April 6, 2009 in the UK. Bonus features include about 10 to 12 extended or deleted scenes, montages and music videos, behind-the-scenes interviews, a "making-of" segment, and commentary featuring Hardwicke, Stewart, and Pattinson. The Blu-ray disc edition of the film was released on March 21, 2009, in select locations, but was made more widely available at further retailers on May 5, 2009. As of July 2012, the film has sold 11,242,519 units, earning $201,190,019.
The film and the next two installments of the Twilight Saga will be rereleased as a triple feature with extended cuts on January 13, 2015.
Since its release, Twilight has received numerous nominations and awards. In January 2009, Carter Burwell was nominated for Film Composer of the Year by the International Film Music Critics Association. Robert Pattinson won Bravo TV's A-List Award for A-List Breakout. At the 2009 MTV Movie Awards, Pattinson, who was nominated alongside Taylor Lautner, also won an award for Male Breakthrough Performance, "Decode" was nominated for Best Song from a Movie, Twilight won an award for Best Movie, Kristen Stewart won for Best Female performance, Stewart and Pattinson were awarded Best Kiss, and Pattinson and Cam Gigandet won an award for Best Fight. Christian Serratos won a Young Artist Award for Best Performance in a Feature Film: Supporting Young Actress. For the 2009 Teen Choice Awards, held on August 9, the film and its actors received a combined total of 12 nominations, nine of which the film won. At the 2009 Scream Awards, the film was nominated for nine awards, four of which it won. The film won two ALMA Awards for makeup and hairstyling. It also won the Public Choice Award at the World Soundtrack Awards, where Carter Burwell was also nominated for Composer of the Year. Catherine Hardwicke received a Young Hollywood Award for her directing. In addition, the film was nominated for Best Fantasy Film at the 35th Saturn Awards and two Grammy Awards.
MTV reported in February 2008 that Summit Entertainment intended to create a series of at least three films based on Meyer's books. The studio had optioned New Moon, the second book in the series, by October 2008, and confirmed their plans to make a film based on it November 22, 2008. Because Catherine Hardwicke had wanted more preparation time than Summit's schedule for the production and release of the sequel would provide, Chris Weitz was selected to direct it in December 2008.
- bbfc (2008-11-21). "TWILIGHT rated 12A by the BBFC". bbfc. Retrieved 2008-11-21.
- Nicole Sperling (2008-07-10). "'Twilight': Inside the First Stephenie Meyer Movie". Entertainment Weekly. Time Inc. Retrieved 2008-07-26.
- "Twilight (2008)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2010-07-05.
- Nicole Sperling (2009-10-29). "'Twilight' reshoots: Why is Catherine Hardwicke filming again?". Entertainment Weekly. Time Inc. Retrieved 2008-10-13.
- Michelle Graham (2008-05-03). "Twilight Finishes Principle [sic] Photography". Film School Rejects. Retrieved 2008-06-14.
- Larry Carroll (2008-02-14). "'Twilight' Finds Its Latest Victims: Nikki Reed, Rachelle Lefevre Added To Cast". MTV. Retrieved 2008-02-21.
- "Top Selling DVDs of 2009". The Numbers. Retrieved 2010-08-12.
- James Montgomery (2008-09-18). "'Twilight' Exclusive: Paramore To Contribute Two New Songs To Film's Soundtrack". MTV. Retrieved 2008-09-19.
- Larry Carroll (2008-02-07). "'Twilight' Gives The Green Light To Anna Kendrick, Justin Chon For Book-Turned-Movie". MTV. Retrieved 2008-02-18.
- Gregory Ellwood (2008-04-22). "Set Visit: 'Twilight' Shines on Pattinson". MSN. Retrieved 2008-04-27.
- Sona Charaipotra. "Exclusive Interview: Peter Facinelli on 'Twilight'". Premiere.com. Hachette Filipacchi Media. Retrieved 2010-08-12.
- Larry Carroll (2008-02-19). "'Twilight' Film's First Family Revealed: Peter Facinelli, Elizabeth Reaser Lead Cullen Clan". MTV. Retrieved 2008-02-21.
- Marilyn Beck & Stacy Jenel Smith (2008-02-25). "Tyson Beckford Enjoying Men's "Supermodel" Success/"Reno 911's Lennon Delivers the State of the State". Creators. Retrieved 2008-02-26. External link in
- "Full Cast & Crew". Hollywood. Retrieved 2008-03-03. External link in
- "'Twilight' to film one or two days in LaPush". Peninusula Daily News. 2008-03-09. Retrieved 2008-03-10. External link in
- Christina Radish (2008-09-17). "Twilight's Author and Director Talk About Bringing The Film To Life". MediaBlvd Magazine. Retrieved 2008-10-31.
- Dave McNary (2007-06-07). "New Summit unveils new projects". Variety. Reed Business Information. Retrieved 2008-02-18.
- Steven Zeitchik (2007-12-26). "Pattinson bites into 'Twilight' role". The Hollywood Reporter. Nielsen Business Media. Archived from the original on 2008-04-14. Retrieved 2008-02-18.
- Carolyn Giardina; Borys Kit (2007-11-16). "Stewart enters 'Twilight' zone". The Hollywood Reporter. Nielsen Business Media. Archived from the original on 2008-06-04. Retrieved 2008-02-18.
- Michael Fleming (2007-10-02). "Hardwicke to direct Meyer's 'Twilight'". Variety. Reed Business Information. Retrieved 2008-02-18.
- Sona Charaipotra. "Exclusive Interview: 'Twilight' Screenwriter Melissa Rosenberg". Premiere.com. Hachette Filipacchi Media. Retrieved 2008-10-25.
- Larry Carroll (2008-09-16). "'Twilight' Tuesday: Screenwriter Melissa Rosenberg Was Inspired By 'Brokeback Mountain'". MTV. Retrieved 2008-10-13.
- Ryan Rotten (2008-08-19). "Exclusive Interview: Twilight's Melissa Rosenberg". ShockTillYouDrop.com. Retrieved 2008-10-13.
- Larry Carroll (2008-09-02). "'Twilight' Tuesday: Catherine Hardwicke Gets Swept Up By Bella And Edward's 'Obsessive Love'". MTV. Retrieved 2008-10-13.
- Larry Carroll (2008-06-17). "'Twilight' Tuesday: How Faithful Will The Movie Be To The Book? We Visit The Set To Find Out". MTV. Retrieved 2008-12-26.
- Rebecca Murray (2008-11-11). "Interview with 'Twilight' Author Stephenie Meyer". About.com. Retrieved 2008-12-26.
- Larry Carroll (2008-11-14). "'Twilight' Author Stephenie Meyer Recalls Robert Pattinson Spat, Seeing Movie The First Time". MTV. Retrieved 2008-12-27.
- Manohla Dargis (2008-11-21). "The Love That Dare Not Bare Its Fangs". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-12-26.
- Richard Corliss (2008-11-20). "Twilight Review: Swooningly True to the Book". Time. Retrieved 2008-12-29.
- Ty Burr (2008-11-21). "Undying love". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 2008-12-26.
- "'Twilight' Countdown: Catherine Hardwicke talks about the meadow and making Robert Pattinson 'dazzle'". Los Angeles Times. 2008-11-04. Retrieved 2008-12-16.
- Setoodeh, Ramin (27 February 2011). "Not Your Grandma's 'Red Riding Hood'". Newsweek. Retrieved 7 March 2011.
- "Ben, Jackson & Shiloh all auditioned for Robert Pattinson's Edward Cullen role". OK!. 20 August 2009. Retrieved 12 April 2011.
- Pamela Chelin. "'Twilight's Robert Pattinson and Rachelle Lefevre". Premiere.com. Hachette Filipacchi Media. Retrieved 2008-10-29.
- Larry Carroll (2008-04-15). "'Twilight' Set Visit Confirms Edward And Bella's Chemistry, Offers A 'Midnight Sun' Preview". MTV. Retrieved 2008-10-29.
- Stephenie Meyer. "Twilight the Movie". StephenieMeyer.com. Retrieved 2008-10-30.
- Larry Carroll (2009-04-29). "Emily Browning Addresses Her 'Twilight' Notoriety". MTV. Retrieved 2009-09-09.
- Larry Carroll (2008-03-19). "'Twilight' Star Ashley Greene Responds To Books' Fans Who Think She And Her Hair Aren't Short Enough". MTV. Retrieved 2009-01-11.
- Larry Carroll (2008-07-22). "'Twilight' Tuesday: Nikki Reed Hopes To Make Us Understand What's Beneath Rosalie's Beautiful, Hard Exterior". MTV. Retrieved 2008-10-28.
- Larry Carroll (2008-09-23). "'Twilight' Tuesday: Kellan Lutz Recalls How He Almost Wasn't Cast As Belligerent 'Goofball' Emmett". MTV. Retrieved 2008-10-28.
- Larry Carroll (2008-02-28). "'Twilight' Star Rachelle Lefevre Addresses 'OMG!' Fans, Blog Haters From Book-Turned-Movie's Set". MTV. Retrieved 2008-10-28.
- Larry Carroll (2008-10-14). "'Twilight' Tuesday: Christian Serratos Says Playing Angela Was A Day At The Beach". MTV. Retrieved 2008-10-28.
- Larry Carroll (2008-10-21). "'Twilight' Tuesday: Anna Kendrick Says It Was 'Easy To Get Googly Eyed' At Robert Pattinson". MTV. Retrieved 2008-10-28.
- Christina Radish (2008-08-08). "Kellan Lutz And His High Profile Projects". MediaBlvd Magazine. Retrieved 2008-10-31.
- Mike Russell (2008-05-11). "'Twilight' taps teen-vampire romance". Los Angeles Times. Tribune Company. Retrieved 2008-10-25.
- Pamela Chelin (July 2008). "The 'Twilight' Phenomenon: The Director and Author at Comic-Con 2008". Premiere.com. Hachette Filipacchi Media. Retrieved 2008-10-25.
- Larry Carroll (2008-04-08). "'Twilight' Author Stephenie Meyer's Cameo: More Details Emerge From Book-Turned-Movie's Set". MTV. Retrieved 2008-10-27.
- Pamela Chelin. "'Twilight's Bad Boy Vampire: Cam Gigandet". Premiere.com. Hachette Filippachi Media. Retrieved 2008-10-29.
- Erin Cadwallader (2008-07-24). "It's TWILIGHT at Comic-Con!". IESB.net. Retrieved 2008-10-29.
- Larry Carroll (2008-07-29). "'Twilight' Tuesday: 10 Things Comic-Con Taught Us About 'Twilight'". MTV. Retrieved 2008-10-29.
- Paige Dickerson (2008-03-09). "'Twilight' to film one or two days in LaPush". Peninsula Daily News. Retrieved 2008-03-10.
- Sarah Skidmore (2008-04-15). "Teen vampire-love story `Twilight' being filmed in Oregon". San Francisco Chronicle. Hearst Communications. Archived from the original on December 16, 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-31.
- Darryl Swan (2008-04-02). "'Twilight' descends on St. Helens". South Country Spotlight. Retrieved 2008-05-03.
- Sabrina Rojas Weiss (2008-08-25). "'Twilight' Cast Heads Back To The Set To Shoot New Scenes". MTV. Retrieved 2008-10-13.
- Anne Thompson (2008-08-15). "'Twilight' moves into 'Potter's' place". Variety. Reed Business Information. Retrieved 2008-10-13.
- Brian Linder (2008-10-09). "Twilight Trailer Tonight". IGN Entertainment. Retrieved 2008-10-13.
- Larry Carroll (2008-10-09). "Final 'Twilight' Trailer, Shot By Shot: Romance, Violence ... And Prom!". MTV. Retrieved 2008-10-13.
- Larry Carroll (2008-10-02). "'Twilight' Sneak Peek To Premiere At International Rome Film Festival". MTV. Retrieved 2008-10-24.
- "MPAA Rating for Twilight". ShockTillYouDrop.com. 2008-09-10. Retrieved 2008-11-23.
- Mikael Carlsson (2008-06-10). ""Twilight" Assigned to Carter Burwell". Film Music Magazine. Retrieved 2008-09-22.
- Carter Burwell. "Projects - Twilight". http://www.carterburwell.com/ CarterBurwell.com. Retrieved 2008-11-03. External link in
- James Montgomery (2008-09-19). "Are Pop-Punks Paramore A Good Fit For 'Twilight'?". MTV. Retrieved 2008-09-22.
- Erica Futterman (2008-08-08). ""Twilight" Author Stephenie Meyer on Her Musical Muses, Upcoming Movie and Mermaid Dreams". Rolling Stone. Wenner Media. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- James Montgomery (2008-10-06). "'Twilight' Soundtrack To Include Muse, Linkin Park And, Of Course, Robert Pattinson". MTV. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- Katie Hasty (2008-11-12). "'Twilight' Bumps AC/DC From Atop Billboard 200". Billboard. Retrieved 2010-08-10.
- Pamela McClintock (2008-11-21). "'Twilight' shining bright at box office". Variety. Reed Business Information. Retrieved 2008-11-22.
- "Opening Day Records at the Box Office". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2008-11-24.
- "Twilight (2008) Weekend Box Office Results". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2009-11-21.
- Larry Carroll (2008-11-24). "'Twilight' Tuesday Finale: Director Catherine Hardwicke Raves About Film's Success — 'Unbelievable!'". MTV. Retrieved 2010-07-10.
- "Twilight". Rotten Tomatoes. IGN Entertainment. Retrieved 2009-02-14.
- "Twilight (2008): Reviews". Metacritic. CNET Networks. Retrieved 2008-11-20.
- White, Armond (2008-11-21). "Twilight: Bronte Never Dies", New York Press. Retrieved on 2008-01-10.
- White, Armond (2008-01-07). "Better-Than List 2008", New York Press. Retrieved on 2008-01-10.
- Ebert, Roger (2008-11-19). "Twilight", Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved on 2009-03-23.
- Turan, Kenneth (2008-11-21). "Twilight", Los Angeles Times. Retrieved on 2009-03-23. Archived February 20, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
- Puig, Claudia (2008-11-20). "Twilight", USA Today. Retrieved on 2009-03-23.
- Gleiberman, Owen (2008-11-20). "Twilight", Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved on 2009-03-23.
- "Summit Home Entertainment's Saturday Release of Twilight Unleashes With Over 3 Million Units Sold" (Press release). Summit Entertainment. 2009-03-22. Retrieved 2009-03-22.
- "Twilight DVD Date, Art". Shock Till You Drop. 2009-01-07. Retrieved 2009-01-07.
- "Twilight - 2 Disc Special Edition". Amazon.co.uk. Retrieved 2010-10-29.
- Larry Carroll (2008-12-11). "'Twilight' Director Catherine Hardwicke Reveals DVD Details". MTV. Retrieved 2009-01-07.
- Larry Carroll (2008-11-12). "'Twilight' Director Catherine Hardwicke Talks About Edward And Bella's Chemistry, Potential Sequels". MTV. Retrieved 2009-01-07.
- HD Room (2009-02-02). "Twilight Blu-ray Mystery Solved". The HD Room. Retrieved 2009-02-02.
- "Twilight - DVD Sales". The Numbers. Nash Information Services. Retrieved 2012-07-15.
- "IFMCA announces its 2008 winners for scoring excellence". International Film Music Critics Association. 2009-02-19. Retrieved 2009-04-24.
- "A-List Award Nominess". Bravo. Retrieved 2009-04-24.
- "2009 MTV Movie Awards Winners". FilmoFilia. Retrieved 2010-08-09.
- "30th Annual Young Artist Awards". Young Artist Awards. Young Artist Foundation. Retrieved 2009-04-24.
- Right Celebrity. "2009 Teen Choice Awards Nominations, Winners!". Right Celebrity. Retrieved 2010-08-09.
- "SCREAM 2009 Awards Nominees and Winners - Star Trek, True Blood Earn SCREAM Awards Nominations". Movies.about.com. 2010-08-05. Retrieved 2010-08-09.
- "2009 ALMA Awards Winners". Awards-Night.com. Retrieved 2011-02-03.
- "World Soundtrack Awards for 2009". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 2011-02-03.
- "Young Hollywood Awards for 2009". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 2011-02-03.
- "Saturn Awards for 2009". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 2011-02-03.
- "Grammys 2010: Twilight, Slumdog Millionaire, Up". Alt Film Guide. Retrieved 2011-02-03.
- Steven Zeitchik (2008-10-02). "Summit's 'Twilight' a franchise with bite". The Hollywood Reporter. Nielsen Business Media. Retrieved 2008-10-27.[dead link]
- Denise Martin (2008-11-22). "'Twilight' sequel 'New Moon' gets the greenlight from Summit". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2008-11-24.
- Dave McNary (2008-11-22). "Summit announces 'Twilight' sequel". Variety. Reed Business Information. Archived from the original on December 16, 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-22.
- Josh Horowitz (2008-12-07). "'Twilight' Director Catherine Hardwicke Will Not Direct 'New Moon'". MTV. Retrieved 2009-03-28.
- Anne Thompson (2008-12-07). "No Hardwicke for 'Twilight' sequel". Variety. Reed Business Information. Retrieved 2009-03-26.
- Larry Carroll (2008-12-13). "BREAKING: Chris Weitz Named 'New Moon' Director, While Taylor Lautner Comes Up Short". MTV. MTV Networks. Retrieved 2009-03-28.
- Larry Carroll (2008-12-15). "Who Is 'New Moon' Director Chris Weitz?". MTV. Retrieved 2010-08-10.
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Twilight (2008 film)|