Twin Peaks: Fire Walk with Me
|Twin Peaks: Fire Walk with Me|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||David Lynch|
|Produced by||Gregg Fienberg|
|Based on||Twin Peaks|
by Mark Frost
|Music by||Angelo Badalamenti|
|Edited by||Mary Sweeney|
|Box office||$4.2 million (North America)|
Twin Peaks: Fire Walk with Me is a 1992 psychological horror film directed by David Lynch and written by Lynch and Robert Engels. It serves as a prequel and sequel to the television series Twin Peaks (1990–1991), created by Mark Frost and Lynch, who were also executive producers. The film revolves around the investigation into the murder of Teresa Banks (Pamela Gidley) and the last seven days in the life of Laura Palmer (Sheryl Lee), a popular high school student in the fictional Washington town of Twin Peaks.
Most of the television cast reprised their roles for the film, though the majority of their scenes were cut and restored in Twin Peaks: The Missing Pieces. A few notable cast members including Lara Flynn Boyle, Sherilyn Fenn, and Richard Beymer did not reprise their roles due to scheduling conflicts. Boyle's character Donna Hayward was instead recast with Moira Kelly. Kyle MacLachlan, who starred as Special Agent Dale Cooper in the series, was reluctant to return out of fear of being typecast, which resulted in a smaller presence in the film than originally planned.
Fire Walk with Me initially received negative reviews in the United States but has been met with a more positive reception in subsequent years, with some critics viewing it as one of Lynch's major works. Although it has long been reported that Fire Walk with Me was greeted at the 1992 Cannes Film Festival, where it was nominated for the Palme d'Or, with booing and jeers from the audience, co-writer Robert Engels denies that this event ever happened. The film was a box office bomb in the United States, although it fared much better in Japan.
FBI Regional Bureau Chief Gordon Cole sends agents Chester Desmond and Sam Stanley to investigate the murder of teenage drifter and prostitute Teresa Banks in the town of Deer Meadow, Washington. The pair are informed about their new assignment through a woman named Lil, who wears an artificial blue rose on her lapel. Desmond and Stanley view Teresa's body at a morgue. They notice that a ring is missing from her finger and a small piece of paper with the letter "T" printed on it has been inserted under one of her fingernails. Later, Desmond finds Teresa's missing ring under a trailer. As he reaches out to it, he is taken by an unseen force.
At FBI headquarters in Philadelphia, Cole and Agent Dale Cooper experience a brief vision of their long-lost colleague Agent Phillip Jeffries. He tells them about a meeting he witnessed involving several mysterious spirits—The Man from Another Place, Killer BOB, Mrs. Chalfont and her grandson. Agent Cooper is sent to Deer Meadow to investigate Desmond's disappearance, but finds no answers.
One year later in Twin Peaks, high school homecoming queen Laura Palmer and her best friend Donna Hayward attend school. Laura is addicted to cocaine and is cheating on her boyfriend Bobby Briggs with biker James Hurley. Laura discovers that pages are missing from her secret diary, and gives the rest of the diary to her agoraphobic friend Harold Smith.
Mrs. Chalfont and her grandson appear to Laura. They warn her that the "man behind the mask" is in her bedroom. Laura runs home, where she sees BOB. She rushes outside in terror and sees her father, Leland, emerge from the house. That evening, Leland's behavior is erratic and abusive—he accusingly asks Laura about her romances, then tells her he loves her. She has a dream about entering the Black Lodge. Cooper and the Man from Another Place appear in her dream. The Man from Another Place says "I am the arm", revealing his identity as MIKE's severed arm, and offers Teresa's ring to Laura, but Cooper tells her not to take it. Laura sees Annie Blackburn next to her in bed, covered in blood. Annie tells Laura to write in her diary that "the good Dale is in the Lodge and cannot leave". Laura sees the ring in her hand, but when she wakes up, it is gone.
Laura goes to the Roadhouse to meet her drug connections and have sex with men, where she is joined by Donna. Laura discusses Teresa Banks's murder with Ronette Pulaski. When she sees a topless Donna making out with a stranger, a distraught Laura takes her home and begs Donna not to become like her. The next morning, Philip Gerard, the one-armed man possessed by the repentant demon MIKE, in an attempt to warn Laura about her father and BOB, pulls up alongside Leland's car and shows Teresa's ring to Laura. Leland recalls his affair with Teresa. He had asked Teresa to set up a foursome with some of her friends, but fled after discovering Laura was among them. Teresa realized who he was and plotted to blackmail him, and he killed her.
One night, BOB comes through Laura's window and begins to rape her, only to transform into Leland. Upset, Laura begins using more cocaine. Bobby breaks up with Laura, and she then ends her relationship with James and goes to a cabin in the woods for an orgy with Ronette, Jacques and Leo. Leland follows her there and takes her and Ronette to an abandoned train car. Laura asks Leland if he is going to kill her, and he transforms into BOB, and tells her that he intends to possess her. BOB beats Ronette unconscious. MIKE, who tracked the BOB-possessed Leland to the train, throws Teresa's ring into the train car. Laura puts it on, which prevents BOB from possessing her. Enraged, BOB stabs Laura to death. The BOB-possessed Leland places Laura's body in the lake.
As her corpse drifts away, the BOB-possessed Leland enters the Red Room, where he encounters MIKE and the Man from Another Place who demand their share of "garmonbozia (pain and sorrow)."
As Laura's body is found by the Sheriff's department, Agent Cooper comforts her spirit in the Lodge. When Laura sees an angel that had previously disappeared from her bedroom painting, she begins to cry and laugh.
- Sheryl Lee as Laura Palmer
- Ray Wise as Leland Palmer
- Kyle MacLachlan as Special Agent Dale Cooper
- Mädchen Amick as Shelly Johnson
- Dana Ashbrook as Bobby Briggs
- Phoebe Augustine as Ronette Pulaski
- David Bowie as Special Agent Phillip Jeffries
- Eric Da Re as Leo Johnson
- Miguel Ferrer as Special Agent Albert Rosenfield
- Pamela Gidley as Teresa Banks
- Heather Graham as Annie Blackburn
- Chris Isaak as Special Agent Chester Desmond
- Moira Kelly as Donna Hayward
- Peggy Lipton as Norma Jennings
- David Lynch as Bureau Chief Gordon Cole
- James Marshall as James Hurley
- Jürgen Prochnow as Woodsman
- Harry Dean Stanton as Carl Rodd
- Kiefer Sutherland as Special Agent Sam Stanley
- Lenny Von Dohlen as Harold Smith
- Grace Zabriskie as Sarah Palmer
- Frances Bay as Mrs. Tremond / Mrs. Chalfont
- Catherine E. Coulson as Margaret Lanterman / "The Log Lady"
- Michael J. Anderson as The Man from Another Place
- Frank Silva as Killer BOB
- Walter Olkewicz as Jacques Renault
- Al Strobel as Phillip Michael Gerard / MIKE
- Gary Hershberger as Mike Nelson
- Michael Ontkean as Harry S. Truman *
- Warren Frost as Will Hayward *
- Mary Jo Deschanel as Eileen Hayward *
- Everett McGill as Ed Hurley *
- Wendy Robie as Nadine Hurley *
- Jack Nance as Pete Martell *
- Joan Chen as Jocelyn Packard *
- Kimmy Robertson as Lucy Moran *
- Harry Goaz as Andy Brennan *
- Michael Horse as Tommy "Hawk" Hill *
- Russ Tamblyn as Dr. Jacoby *
- Don S. Davis as Garland Briggs *
- Charlotte Stewart as Betty Briggs *
(The * denotes actors whose scenes were cut from the theatrical version, but later restored in Twin Peaks: The Missing Pieces.)
Lynch wanted to make a Twin Peaks film because, as he claimed in an interview, "I couldn't get myself to leave the world of Twin Peaks. I was in love with the character of Laura Palmer and her contradictions: radiant on the surface but dying inside. I wanted to see her live, move and talk. I was in love with that world and I hadn't finished with it. But making the movie wasn't just to hold onto it; it seemed that there was more stuff that could be done", and that he was "not yet finished with the material".
Actress Sheryl Lee, who played Laura Palmer, echoed these sentiments. "I never got to be Laura alive, just in flashbacks; it allowed me to come full circle with the character." According to Lynch, the movie is about "the loneliness, shame, guilt, confusion and devastation of the victim of incest. It also dealt with the torment of the father – the war within him." Twin Peaks had been canceled only a month when David Lynch announced he would be making a film with French company CIBY-2000 financing what would be the first film of a three-picture deal. But on July 11, 1991, Ken Scherer, CEO of Lynch/Frost productions, announced that the film was not going to be made because series star Kyle MacLachlan did not want to reprise his role of Special Agent Dale Cooper. A month later, MacLachlan had changed his mind and the film was back on.
The film was made without Twin Peaks series regulars Lara Flynn Boyle, Sherilyn Fenn, and Richard Beymer. At the time, these absences were attributed to scheduling conflicts, but in a 1995 interview, Fenn said that her real reason was that she "was extremely disappointed in the way the second season got off track. As far as Fire Walk with Me, it was something that I chose not to be a part of." In a 2014 interview, however, Fenn said that it was a scheduling conflict with Of Mice and Men that prevented her from committing to the film. In a September 2007 interview, Beymer claimed that he did not appear in any scenes shot for the film, although his character, Benjamin Horne, appeared in the script. Fenn's character was cut from the script, Moira Kelly was cast as Donna, and Beymer's scenes were not filmed.
MacLachlan's reluctance was also caused by a decline of quality in the second season of the show. He said "David and Mark [Frost] were only around for the first season... I think we all felt a little abandoned. So I was fairly resentful when the film, Fire Walk with Me, came around." Although he agreed to be in the film, MacLachlan wanted a smaller role, forcing Lynch and co-writer Robert Engels to rewrite the screenplay so that Teresa Banks's murder was investigated by Agent Chester Desmond and not by Cooper as originally planned. MacLachlan worked only five days on the film.
Another missing figure from Twin Peaks was co-creator Mark Frost. The relationship between Lynch and Frost had become strained during the second season and after the series ended. Frost went on to direct his own film, Storyville (1992), and was unable to collaborate with Lynch on Fire Walk with Me.
David Bowie expressed disappointment with his role in the film, saying "[t]hey crammed me. I did all my scenes in four or five days, because I was in rehearsals for the 1991 Tin Machine tour. I was there for only a few days."
Principal photography began on September 5, 1991 in Snoqualmie, Washington, and lasted until October of the same year, with four weeks dedicated to locations in Washington and another four weeks of interiors and additional locations in Los Angeles, California. When shooting went over schedule in Seattle, Washington, Laura's death in the train car had to be shot in Los Angeles on soundstage during the last day of shooting, October 31.
Several Twin Peaks regulars filmed scenes but were cut from the final version. These actors included Michael Ontkean (Harry S. Truman), Warren Frost (Will Hayward), Mary Jo Deschanel (Eileen Hayward), Everett McGill (Ed Hurley), Wendy Robie (Nadine Hurley), Jack Nance (Pete Martell), Joan Chen (Jocelyn Packard), Kimmy Robertson (Lucy Moran), Harry Goaz (Andy Brennan), Michael Horse (Tommy "Hawk" Hill), Russ Tamblyn (Dr. Jacoby), Don S. Davis (Garland Briggs), and Charlotte Stewart (Betty Briggs). Their scenes are among The Missing Pieces, included on the Twin Peaks Blu-ray box set. After the Cannes showing, Lynch said "It was a little bit of a sadness, [...] You'd like to have everybody there, but their characters didn't have a bearing on the life of her [Laura Palmer]".
Twin Peaks: Fire Walk with Me received a reaction quite the contrary to the television series. The film was entered into the 1992 Cannes Film Festival, where it was met with a polarized response. There is a persistent story that the film was met with boos and hisses from the Cannes audience, though co-writer Robert Engels denies that this event ever happened and a contemporary news report only says there were some "hoots and whistles" during a screening for critics and journalists.
According to Roger Ebert from the Chicago Sun-Times, the film was met with two extremes, one side being overall positive, while the other side being the exact opposite. Filmmaker Quentin Tarantino, who was also in attendance, said in a 1992 interview, "After I saw Twin Peaks: Fire Walk with Me at Cannes, David Lynch had disappeared so far up his own ass that I have no desire to see another David Lynch movie until I hear something different. And you know, I loved him. I loved him."
U.S. distributor New Line Cinema released the film in America on August 28, 1992. It grossed a total of US$1.8 million in 691 theaters in its opening weekend and went on to gross a total of $4.2 million in North America.
Despite its mixed critical and poor commercial response, Fire Walk with Me gained attention at awards time. The film was nominated for five Saturn Awards and two Independent Spirit Awards, including Sheryl Lee being nominated for Best Actress. The only awards won by the film were for Angelo Badalamenti's musical score, which won a Spirit Award, a Saturn Award and a Brit Award.
Upon its release, the film received generally negative reviews from American critics. Among the negative reviews, Janet Maslin from The New York Times wrote, "Mr. Lynch's taste for brain-dead grotesque has lost its novelty". Fellow Times film critic Vincent Canby concurred, "It's not the worst movie ever made; it just seems to be". In his review for Variety magazine, Todd McCarthy said, "Laura Palmer, after all the talk, is not a very interesting or compelling character and long before the climax has become a tiresome teenager". USA Today gave the film one-and-a-half stars out of four, calling it, "a morbidly joyless affair". Rolling Stone magazine's Peter Travers wrote, "though the movie ups the TV ante on nudity, language and violence, Lynch's control falters. But if inspiration is lacking, talent is not. Count Lynch down but never out". In her review for The Washington Post, Rita Kempley described the film as a "perversely moving, profoundly self-indulgent prequel". An exception among American reviews at the time of the film's release came from novelist Steve Erickson, who defended the film in the L.A. Weekly and challenged its negative reception; in 1998, critic Manohla Dargis, writing in the same publication, called it "one of the bravest pieces of film criticism I've read."
More positive reviews came from British film critics. Kim Newman from the British magazine Sight & Sound stated: "The film's many moments of horror [...] demonstrate just how tidy, conventional and domesticated the generic horror movie of the 1980s and 1990s has become". However, not all British film critics were praising. Barry Norman declared it "a mess", and "baffling", whilst praising Lynch as "a very original filmmaker, and since there are so few of those about, we ought perhaps to give him the benefit of the doubt, and indulge him a little."
On review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes, the film has an approval rating of 64% based on 75 reviews, with an average rating of 6.46/10. The website's critical consensus reads, "For better or worse, Twin Peaks: Fire Walk With Me is every bit as strange and twisted as you'd expect from David Lynch." On Metacritic, the film has a weighted average score of 28 out of 100, based on 16 critics, indicating "generally unfavorable reviews".
Later retrospective analysis of the film has also trended more positive, with critic Mark Kermode writing in 2007 that many have come to consider the film a "masterpiece". In a 2002 review, Ed Gonzalez of Slant Magazine gave the film a four out of four stars, and the following year, the publication included it in a list of "100 essential films." Appearing on the podcast The Cinephiliacs in 2015, filmmaker James Gray called it "an incredible film," "a masterpiece," and "a classic example of how the critics get it wrong." Further speaking of the film, he said, "I've never seen a movie that's been made in the last 30 years [...] in America, which so asks us to understand and be in the shoes of a person suffering so profoundly. It's a thing of beauty."
In the book Lynch on Lynch, Chris Rodley described the film as "brilliant but excoriating", writing that "by the time Lynch unveiled Twin Peaks: Fire Walk With Me in 1992, critical reaction had become hostile, and only now is the movie enjoying a degree of cautious but sympathetic critical re-evaluation. It is, undoubtedly, one of Lynch's cruellest, bleakest neighbourhood visions, and even managed to displease die-hard fans of the series. [...] In exposing the very heart of the television series, Lynch was forced to accept that he was unlikely to return to the town of Twin Peaks again."
Writer Lindsay Hallam, author of a forthcoming book about the film, attributes the initial negative reaction to the film as being due to the following: "Lynch does not let [the audience] off the hook – we are taken so far into Laura's experience, without any respite and with none of the humour associated with the series".
In an article for The Guardian published in 2017, critic Martyn Conterio wrote of the film's reappraisal: "A quarter of a century on, the film is being rightly rediscovered by fans and critics as Lynch's unsung masterwork. It took a long time, and it took its toll on its maker, but Fire Walk With Me has finally come in from the cold."
Lynch originally shot more than five hours of footage that was subsequently cut down to two hours and fourteen minutes. The footage nearly appeared on New Line Cinema's Special Edition DVD in February 2002, but was nixed over budgetary and running-time concerns. The film was released on DVD in several other regions in the early 2000s as well, including the United Kingdom (Region 2) in 2001 and Australia (Region 4) in 2005.
Most of the deleted scenes feature additional characters from the television series who ultimately did not appear in the finished film. Lynch has said that "I had a limit on the running time of the picture. We shot many scenes that—for a regular feature—were too tangential to keep the main story progressing properly. We thought it might be good sometime to do a longer version with these other things in, because a lot of the characters that are missing in the finished movie had been filmed. They're part of the picture, they're just not necessary for the main story." According to Lynch, had the film included these scenes, it "wouldn't have been quite so dark. To me it obeyed the laws of Twin Peaks. But a little bit of the goofiness had to be removed."
In 2007, DVDrama.com reported that MK2 was in final negotiations with Lynch about a new two-disc special edition that would include seventeen deleted scenes hand-picked by the director himself. It had been tentatively scheduled for release on October 17, 2007, but MK2 subsequently opted instead to re-release a bare-bones edition of Fire Walk with Me, citing a new version including the deleted scenes has been put on hold indefinitely. In November 2008, Lynch said the following regarding the deleted scenes:
Twin Peaks: Fire Walk with Me is owned by a company called MK2 in France. And I spoke to them a couple of months ago. [...] I've spoke to them several times about this. [...] I think it will happen, but maybe the financial crisis is [...] affecting that in some way. I'm not sure what's going on. I'm pretty sure there's seventeen scenes in that at least but it's been a while since we've looked into that.
Paramount Pictures, which has DVD distribution rights to the TV series, acquired the rights in Germany and most of the world excluding the US, UK, France and Canada. Paramount released their DVD in 2007. The DVD was a port straight from the MK2 French edition.
Fire Walk with Me was released on Blu-ray in France on November 3, 2010 by MK2.
The film was also released on Blu-ray on June 4, 2012 in the UK by Universal UK Home Video, although it has been reported that the release suffers from defects in the audio track. The film has been released on Blu-ray in North America on July 29, 2014, as part of the Twin Peaks entire mystery Blu-ray collection, and contains more than 90 minutes of deleted and extended scenes from the film.
Legacy and sequel
According to cinematographer Ron Garcia, the film was popular in Japan, in particular with women, as Martha Nochimson wrote in her book on Lynch's work, "he surmises that the enthusiasm of the Japanese women comes from a gratification of seeing in Laura some acknowledgment of their suffering in a repressive society." Released under the title Twin Peaks: The Last Seven Days of Laura Palmer, it was greeted with long lines of moviegoers at theaters.
In retrospect, Lynch has said, "I feel bad that Fire Walk with Me did no business and that a lot of people hate the film. But I really like the film. But it had a lot of baggage with it. It's as free and as experimental as it could be within the dictates it had to follow."
Mary Sweeney, the film's editor, said, "They so badly wanted it to be like the TV show, and it wasn't. It was a David Lynch feature. And people were very angry about it. They felt betrayed." Sheryl Lee is very proud of the film, saying, "I have had many people, victims of incest, approach me since the film was released, so glad that it had been made because it helped them to release a lot."
After Fire Walk with Me was released, Lynch reportedly planned two more films that would have continued and then concluded the series' narrative. But in a 2001 interview, he said that the Twin Peaks franchise is "dead as a doornail." In 2014, however, it was announced that the series would continue with Lynch involved. Lynch said that Twin Peaks: Fire Walk with Me is very important to understanding what's coming. In 2017, the third season of the TV series was released. It depicts events which happen 25 years after the second season, and uses many elements introduced in Fire Walk with Me.
|Twin Peaks: Fire Walk with Me|
|Soundtrack album by|
|Released||August 11, 1992|
|Producer||Angelo Badalamenti, David Lynch|
The soundtrack to Twin Peaks: Fire Walk with Me was released on Warner Bros. Records on August 11, 1992. It includes music by Angelo Badalamenti, who had composed and conducted the music on the television series and its original soundtrack.
In addition to his instrumental compositions, Fire Walk with Me's soundtrack features vocal accompaniment to Badalamenti's songs by jazz vocalist Jimmy Scott and dream pop singer Julee Cruise. Badalamenti performs vocals on "A Real Indication" and "The Black Dog Runs at Night", two songs by the Thought Gang, a musical project between Badalamenti and David Lynch. Lynch wrote the lyrics for several of the soundtrack's songs, including "Sycamore Trees", "Questions in a World of Blue", "A Real Indication" and "The Black Dog Runs at Night", and was the soundtrack's producer alongside Badalamenti.
Upon its release, Fire Walk with Me's soundtrack charted in the United States, peaking at number 173 on the Billboard 200. It was nominated for, and later received, the Best Music at the 1992 Saturn Awards and Best Original Score at the Independent Spirit Awards. In March 2011, British music publication NME placed Twin Peaks: Fire Walk with Me's soundtrack at number 1 on their list of the 50 Best Film soundtracks Ever, describing it as "combining plangent beauty with a kind of clanking evil jazz, this is one of those endlessly evocative soundtracks that takes up residence in your subconscious and never leaves."
|1.||"Theme from Twin Peaks: Fire Walk with Me"||Angelo Badalamenti||6:40|
|2.||"The Pine Float"||Badalamenti||3:58|
|3.||"Sycamore Trees" (vocals by Jimmy Scott)||David Lynch||Badalamenti||3:52|
|4.||"Don't Do Anything (I Wouldn't Do)"||Badalamenti||7:17|
|5.||"A Real Indication" (by Thought Gang, vocals by Badalamenti)||Lynch||Badalamenti||5:31|
|6.||"Questions in a World of Blue" (vocals by Julee Cruise)||Lynch||Badalamenti||4:50|
|7.||"The Pink Room"||Lynch||4:02|
|8.||"The Black Dog Runs at Night" (by Thought Gang, vocals by Badalamenti)||Lynch||Badalamenti||1:45|
|10.||"Moving Through Time"||Badalamenti||6:41|
|11.||"Montage from Twin Peaks: "Girl Talk"/"Birds in Hell"/"Laura Palmer's Theme"/"Falling"||Badalamenti||5:27|
|12.||"The Voice of Love"||Badalamenti||3:55|
Awards and nominations
|Award(s)||Category – Nominee(s)||Result|
|Brit Awards||Best Soundtrack – Angelo Badalamenti||Won|
|Cannes Film Festival||Palme d'Or – David Lynch||Nominated|
|Independent Spirit Awards||Best Original Score – Angelo Badalamenti||Won|
|Best Female Lead – Sheryl Lee||Nominated|
|Saturn Awards||Best Music – Angelo Badalamenti||Won|
|Best Actress – Sheryl Lee||Nominated|
|Best Horror Film – Twin Peaks: Fire Walk with Me||Nominated|
|Best Supporting Actor – Ray Wise||Nominated|
|Best Writing – David Lynch and Robert Engels||Nominated|
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