Twin films are films with the same, or very similar, plot produced or released at the same time in two different studios. The phenomenon can result from two or more production companies investing in similar scripts around the same time, resulting in a race to distribute the films to audiences. Some attribute twin films to industrial espionage, the fact of filmmakers moving between studios, or that the same screenplays are sent to several film studios. Another explanation is that films often deal with topical issues, such as comets, volcano eruptions, reality TV, terrorist attacks or significant anniversaries, resulting in some sort of multiple discovery but in film.
Producer Bingham Ray recalls a conversation where the screenwriter of the 2006 Truman Capote biopic Infamous phoned to announce that his script had been finished. Ray said "I know, I've got it on my desk!" before realizing that he actually had the screenplay to Capote, a biopic by a different writer.
While twin films usually are big budget films, a mockbuster is often made with a low budget, released direct-to-DVD and with similar titles, aesthetics and/or theme as blockbuster films. Mockbusters are created with the apparent intention of piggy-backing (i.e. taking a free ride) on the publicity of the major film.
||This section may contain indiscriminate, excessive, or irrelevant examples. (March 2014)|
|First film||Release date||Second film||Release date||Further info|
|Jezebel||1938||Gone with the Wind||1939||William Wyler's Jezebel (1938) was reportedly created for Bette Davis when she failed to win the highly coveted role of Scarlett O'Hara in Gone with the Wind (1939). Both films were about feisty, independent Southern belles during the American Civil War.|
|Young Mr. Lincoln||1939||Abe Lincoln in Illinois||1940|||
|Oscar Wilde||1960||The Trials of Oscar Wilde||1960|
|Dr. Strangelove||1964||Fail-Safe||1964||Both deal with the concept of accidental nuclear war, although Dr. Strangelove is satire, while Fail-Safe is a drama.|
|Harlow||1965||Harlow||1965||Both were based on the life story of Jean Harlow.|
|You're a Big Boy Now||1966||The Graduate||1967|||
|Leo the Last||1970||The Landlord||1970||Both deal with issues of class and race and feature an upper-class white man who moves into a lower-class black neighborhood and gets involved with the residents.|
|The Strawberry Statement||1970||Getting Straight||1970||Also The Revolutionary and R. P. M. (1970), are all dramas about campus revolt.|
|Bloody Mama||1970||The Grissom Gang||1971||Both based on the life story of Ma Barker.|
|Sweet Sweetback's Baadasssss Song||1971||Shaft||1971||Both are frequently credited as the earliest examples of the blaxploitation genre.|
|Godspell||1973||Jesus Christ Superstar||1973||Both adaptations of Broadway musicals based on the life of Jesus Christ.|
|The Gambler||1974||California Split||1974||Both portray Jewish protagonists, addicted to gambling on a downward spiral.|
|The Conversation||1974||The Parallax View||1974||Also Executive Action (1973) Are paranoid thrillers about an assassination.|
|Cannonball||1976||The Gumball Rally||1976||Both about the same illegal cross-country race.|
|Go Tell the Spartans||1978||Coming Home||1978||Also The Deer Hunter (1978) and Apocalypse Now (1979) are all about American involvement in the Vietnam War.|
|The Warriors||1979||The Wanderers||1979||Both are about gang wars between New York teenage street gangs of various ethnicities.|
|Nosferatu the Vampyre||1979||Dracula||1979||Also Love At First Bite (1979), all based on Bram Stoker's novel Dracula.|
|The Amityville Horror||1979||The Shining||1980||Both supernatural horror films about a family moving into a building where a previous family of tenants has been murdered, in which the father "becomes" the previous murderer, ultimately attacking his family with an axe.|
|Border Cop||1979||Borderline||1980||Also The Border (1982)|
|The Howling||1981||Wolfen||1981||Also An American Werewolf In London (1981)|
|Porky's||1981||The Last American Virgin||1982||Also Screwballs and Losin' It (1983); all are sex comedies depicting a group of young male friends trying to lose their respective virginities or perform another sexually related mission.|
|Some Kind of Hero||1982||First Blood||1982||Both feature a Vietnam War vet who returns home who then has trouble adjusting to civilian life.|
|Carmen||1983||Carmen||1984||Both are adaptations of Georges Bizet's opera Carmen.|
|Country||1984||The River||1984||Also Places in the Heart (1984)|
|Dreamscape||1984||A Nightmare On Elm Street||1984||Both are about people entering the dreams of others and being able to kill them in real-life by killing them in their dreams.|
|Gremlins||1984||Ghoulies||1985||Also Critters (1986), all involve small destructive, evil creatures.|
|The Return of the Living Dead||1985||Day of the Dead||1985||Zombie movies, released almost simultaneously, both arising from the collaboration between John Russo and George A. Romero on Night of the Living Dead|
|Weird Science||1985||Real Genius||1985||Also My Science Project (1985), all feature teens dabbling in mad science and winding up in over their heads.|
|Rambo: First Blood Part II||1985||Commando||1985||Both are one man army action-military films featuring a Planet Hollywood actor, (Sylvester Stallone and Arnold Schwarzenegger respectively. Commando director Mark L. Lester later admitted that he was inspired to do the notable final battle sequence for his film after he saw Rambo 2.|
|Back to the Future||1985||Peggy Sue Got Married||1986||Both feature protagonists who go back in time and meet high school versions of their family members, played by the same actors.|
|Fright Night||1985||Vamp||1986||Also The Lost Boys and Near Dark (1987); all are vampire films involving teenage characters.|
|Top Gun||1986||Iron Eagle||1986||Both films about fighter pilots.|
|An American Tail||1986||The Great Mouse Detective||1986||Both are animated feature films starring mice.|
|GoBots: Battle of the Rock Lords||1986||The Transformers: The Movie||1986||Both are animated feature films derived from TV cartoons based on toy lines about transforming robots.|
|The Vindicator||1986||RoboCop||1987||Both are about an innocent man who is left mutilated and near-dead by villains, is reconstructed into a cyborg by a special-weapons company, and seeks revenge on the people responsible for his fate.|
|Gothic||1986||Haunted Summer||1988||Both are set in 1816 when Lord Byron, Mary Shelley, Percy Shelley and John William Polidori spend a summer in the isolated Villa Diodati by Lake Geneva.|
|The Secret of My Succe$s||1987||Working Girl||1988||Both about people starting new lower-level jobs in New York City, pretending to be executives, coming up with great ideas regarding takeovers, and getting the girl/guy that was "out of their league".|
|Like Father, Like Son||1987||Big||1988||Also Vice Versa and 18 Again! (1988); all portray youngsters as, or who reverse roles with, older men.|
|Dangerous Liaisons||1988||Valmont||1989||Both versions of the novel Les Liaisons Dangereuses|
|Turner & Hooch||1989||K-9||1989||Both are about a police officer who gets a dog for a partner.|
|DeepStar Six||1989||Leviathan||1989||Also The Abyss, The Evil Below, Lords of the Deep and The Rift (1989); all are underwater thrillers involving explorers discovering strange new (and in most of the movies hostile) creatures in the ocean.|
|Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves||1991||Robin Hood||1991|
|December Bride||1991||The Playboys||1992||Both films tell of an young Irish Women in a small rural cummunity who decideds to have a child out of wedlock.|
|Point Break||1991||Stone Cold||1991||Also, Beyond the Law. Both are stunt heavy, action-crime films where a undercover cop must infiltrate a criminal organization while being berated by their superiors.|
|1492: Conquest of Paradise||1992||Christopher Columbus: The Discovery||1992|
|Jurassic Park||1993||Carnosaur||1993||Both are science fiction films that involve cloned Dinosaur rampaging. Jurassic Park is based on a novel of the same name by Michael Crichton. Carnosaur is based on a novel of the same name by John Brosnan.|
|Hard Target||1993||Surviving the Game||1994||Both are modern-day action-adventure thrillers that are heavily inspired by The Most Dangerous Game.|
|Tombstone||1993||Wyatt Earp||1994||Wyatt Earp biopics.|
|Rookie of the Year||1993||Little Big League||1994||Both films in which a 12-year-old boy becomes involved in major league baseball.|
|Kalifornia||1993||Natural Born Killers||1994||Also 1993 mini-series Murder in the Heartland, all road movies about a couple engaging in multi-state killing sprees and all directly or loosely based on real murderer Charles Starkweather. Both films have Juliette Lewis as a main character.|
|Three of Hearts||1993||Threesome||1994||Both films involve a love triangle between a heterosexual, a homosexual and a bisexual.|
|Terminal Velocity||1994||Drop Zone||1994||Both are action films that involve skydiving.|
|The Adventures of Priscilla, Queen of the Desert||1994||To Wong Foo, Thanks for Everything! Julie Newmar||1995||Both have the plot of drag queens going on a road trip across their continent (in one case Australia, in the other, the United States), in a journey of self-discovery.|
|Braveheart||1995||Rob Roy||1995||Adventure biopics set in Scotland.
1996 film The Bruce also deals with Robert I and the First War of Scottish Independence.
|Babe||1995||Gordy||1995||Family films starring piglets.|
|Powder||1995||Phenomenon||1996||Both deal with outcasts that develop telepathic powers.|
|The Usual Suspects||1995||Primal Fear||1996||Crime films with a caught suspect who feigns vulnerability, simple-mindedness, and other disabilities to legally escape custody.|
|Dante's Peak||1997||Volcano||1997||Disaster films involving volcanoes.|
|The Jackal||1997||The Assignment||1997||Both are action thrillers dealing with assassins who go by the "Jackal" alias.|
|Kundun||1997||Seven Years in Tibet||1997||Fact-based dramas set in Tibet.|
|Prefontaine||1997||Without Limits||1998||Both are biographical sports films about distance runner Steve Prefontaine.|
|Antz||1998||A Bug's Life||1998||Animated films about insects, starring a non-conformist ant who falls in love with an ant princess, leaves the mound, and eventually returns and is hailed as a hero.|
|Deep Impact||1998||Armageddon||1998|| Also, see Doomsday Rock, Asteroid, [[Judgment Day, and Tycus.|
|Saving Private Ryan||1998||The Thin Red Line||1998||Prestige dramas about World War II.|
|Dead Man on Campus||1998||The Curve (film)||1998||Both films involve college students attempting to utilize Pass by catastrophe|
|The Truman Show||1998||Ed TV||1999||Films in which a man's life is a 24-hour-a-day TV show.|
|Tale of the Mummy||1998||The Mummy||1999|
|Dark City||1998||The Matrix||1999||Also The Thirteenth Floor and eXistenZ (1999); all are science fiction films involving the theme of whether the world is real or an illusion. All except for Dark City involve virtual reality in a computer system.|
|Bicentennial Man||1999||A.I. Artificial Intelligence||2001||Science fiction films dealing with the theme of humanoid robots seeking to experience emotion and be human.|
|Entrapment||1999||The Thomas Crown Affair||1999|||
|End of Days||1999||Stigmata||1999|| Also Lost Souls (2000); all are supernatural religious horror films involving the Catholic Church. Both End of Days and Stigmata star Gabriel Byrne as a main character. Both End of Days and Lost Souls involve the theme of Satan taking possession of a man's body.|
|The Legend of the Titanic||1999||Titanic: The Legend Goes On||2000||Both are Italian animated films involving the maiden voyage and sinking of the Titanic. Both these films involve a romantic relationship between a young man and woman of different social backgrounds, and both feature anthropomorphic talking mice who are emigrating to America, as well as other talking animals.|
|The Road to El Dorado||2000||The Emperor's New Groove||2000||Historical animated comedies set in what is now Latin America.|
|Scary Movie||2000||Shriek If You Know What I Did Last Friday the Thirteenth||2000||Horror movie spoofs.|
|Mission to Mars||2000||Red Planet||2000||Science fiction adventures about expeditions to Mars.|
|Wonder Boys||2000||Finding Forrester||2000|||
|Gone in 60 Seconds||2000||The Fast and the Furious||2001|
|Joe Dirt||2001||Run Ronnie Run!||2002||Both are crude humor stories about lovable-ish rednecks. There are jokes that are nearly identical in each movie. However, Run Ronnie Run! is based on a Mr. Show with Bob and David character that first appeared in 1995.|
|Stealing Harvard||2002||Orange County||2002|
|Liberty Stands Still||2002||Phone Booth||2002||Both movies revolve around people who answer a ringing phone in a public place and are held hostage there by a sniper who has an agenda.|
|Finding Nemo||2003||Shark Tale||2004||Both are computer animated films that take place in the ocean and involve fish characters.|
|Freddy vs. Jason||2003||Alien vs. Predator||2004||Both feature horror icons from the '80s fighting against each other, while the humans end up in the crossfire.|
|Chasing Liberty||2004||First Daughter||2004|||
|The Cave||2005||The Descent||2005|||
|Flightplan||2005||Red Eye||2005||Thrillers set on airplanes.|
|War of the Worlds||2005||H. G. Wells' The War of the Worlds||2005||Adaptations from H. G. Wells' The War of the Worlds.|
|Madagascar||2005||The Wild||2006||Both are computer animated films involving similar animal characters from New York's Central Park Zoo being introduced to the wild. See The Wild#Madagascar similarities.|
|Capote||2005||Infamous||2006||Dramas about Truman Capote and the writing of In Cold Blood.|
|Beowulf & Grendel||2005||Beowulf||2007||Both are fantasy adventure films based on the Old English epic poem Beowulf.|
|United 93||2006||Flight 93||2006||Dramas about United Airlines Flight 93.|
|The Prestige||2006||The Illusionist||2006||Films about 19th-century magicians.|
|The Zodiac||2006||Zodiac||2007||Also Curse of the Zodiac (2007)|
|Coco Chanel||2008||Coco Before Chanel||2009||Also Coco Chanel & Igor Stravinsky (2009). All related to French fashion designer Coco Chanel.|
|Observe and Report||2009||Paul Blart: Mall Cop||2009||Both are comedy films about an overweight mall cop.|
|Gamer||2009||Surrogates||2009||Also Avatar (2009); all are science fiction films in which people control physical remotely-operated bodies.|
|The Road||2009||The Book of Eli||2010||Both films are set in a post-apocalyptic world, where the main characters try and survive by travelling.|
|Armored||2009||Takers||2010||Both are stylized, action-crime robbery thrillers. Matt Dillon stars in both films.|
|Cop Out||2010||The Other Guys||2010||Both are buddy cop action-comedy films.|
|Despicable Me||2010||Megamind||2010||Both are computer animated films about super-villains who turned evil because of bad upbringings, finding themselves seduced to the good side to defeat an even badder guy.|
|Skyline||2010||Battle: Los Angeles||2011||Both are alien invasion movies that primarily take place in Los Angeles; Sony Pictures, the studio of Battle: Los Angeles, later sued the producers of Skyline because their company was hired to develop the visual effects of Battle: Los Angeles and allegedly stole the idea of the movie during this process.|
|No Strings Attached||2011||Friends with Benefits||2011||Both are romantic comedies about a pair of friends who have a casual, non-romantic sexual relationship and eventually fall in love. The films draw their titles from references to this kind of relationship.|
|Extraterrestrial||2011||Seeking a Friend for the End of the World||2012|| Also 4:44 Last Day on Earth (2011) & Melancholia (2011) |
|Quartet||2012||A Late Quartet||2012|||
|The Girl||2012||Hitchcock||2012||Alfred Hitchcock biopics.|
|Lincoln||2012||Abraham Lincoln: Vampire Hunter||2012||Both films are about United States President Abraham Lincoln. |
|Mirror Mirror||2012||Snow White and the Huntsman||2012||Both Snow White films.|
|Battleship||2012||Pacific Rim||2013||Both involve the invasion of Earth by extraterrestrials that are fought at sea. The protagonist also loses his brother in combat during both movies.|
|Upside Down||2012||Patema Inverted||2013||Both are a romance between characters of twin worlds, each with gravity opposite to the other.|
|The Other Son||2012||Like Father, Like Son||2013||Both films revolve around two young men who were switched at birth and raised by families of different social statuses.|
|Eagle Eye||2008||Echelon Conspiracy||2009|||
|A Hijacking||2012||Captain Phillips||2013|||
|Jobs||2013||Steve Jobs||2015||Steve Jobs biopics.|
|Olympus Has Fallen||2013||White House Down||2013||Action films about terrorist attacks on the White House.|
|This Is the End||2013||The World's End||2013|| Also Rapture-Palooza (2013); all are apocalyptic comedy films.|
|The Double||2013||Enemy||2013||Both are about a man who finds his physical doppelgänger in a seemingly totalitarian state.|
|The Machine||2013||Automata||2014||Also Ex Machina (2015)|
|Yves Saint Laurent||2014||Saint Laurent||2014||Yves Saint Laurent (designer) biopics.|
|Hercules||2014||The Legend of Hercules||2014||Also Hercules Reborn (2014)|
|The Equalizer||2014||John Wick||2014|||
|Life After Beth||2014||Burying the Ex||2014||Romantic comedies involving zombies.|
|Unfriended||2014||Friend Request||2016||Both are horror films with social media plots.|
|Beauty and the Beast||2014||Beauty and the Beast||2017||Both are live-action romantic fantasy films based on the fairy tale. The 2014 film is in French and the 2017 film is in English.|
|Freaks of Nature||2015||Scouts Guide to the Zombie Apocalypse||2015|||
|Spectre||2015||Mission: Impossible – Rogue Nation||2015||Both films feature the protagonists chasing after secret criminal organisations through Austria, Morocco and London while their intelligence agencies are shutting down. Paramount had to advance the release date of Mission: Impossible – Rogue Nation to avoid conflicting with Spectre.|
|Marguerite||2015||Florence Foster Jenkins||2016||Both films are based on Florence Foster Jenkins' life.|
|Christine||2016||Kate Plays Christine||2016||Both are films about Christine Chubbuck.|
|Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice||2016||Captain America: Civil War||2016||Both are films dealing with superheroes coming into conflict with each other. Both films involve a debate as to whether there should be oversight of the activities of superheroes in the aftermath of deadly incidents involving superheroes in African countries. Both films also include a villain who schemes to pit superheroes against each other, and both films involve a bombing of a gathering of officials trying to resolve the debate.|
|Zootopia||2016||Sing||2016||Both are animated movies set in modern cities populated by anthropomorphic animals.|
|The Jungle Book||2016||Jungle Book||2018||Jungle Book is a British adaptation of the Rudyard Kipling book, while The Jungle Book is a live-action adaptation of the Disney version.|
|Darkest Hour||2017||Churchill||2017||Both are films about Winston Churchill. Also Churchill's Secret.|
|Anthropoid||2016||HHhH||2017||Films about Operation Anthropoid, the assassination of SS-Obergruppenführer Reinhard Heydrich.|
|The Disaster Artist||2017||Best F(r)iends||2017||Both depict the friendship between Greg Sestero and Tommy Wiseau (maker of the film The Room)|
The term "twin films" has also been used for films produced by the same production company with the purpose of telling the same story from two different points of view:
- Anatomy of a Marriage: My Days with Françoise (1964) and Anatomy of a Marriage: My Days with Jean-Marc (1964) use the same cast to tell the same story from two different points of view.
- The World War II films Flags of Our Fathers (2006) and Letters from Iwo Jima (2006) are about the Battle of Iwo Jima, told from the perspective of United States Marines and Japanese soldiers.
It has also been used for films produced with the purpose of making the same film in two different languages:
- Whispering City (1947) and La Forteresse (1947) have the same director with different sets of actors speaking English or French.
- Orions belte (1985) and Orion's Belt (1985) have different directors but the same set of actors speaking Norwegian or English.
- Raavan (2010) and Raavanan (2010) use similar casts filming the scenes in both Hindi and Tamil.
- Jasper Rees. "Hooray for Bollywood", Evening Standard, 12 October 2001. Retrieved 23 June 2011.
- Fredrik Strage. "Tvillingfilmer resultatet av ängsliga filmbolag", Dagens Nyheter, 28 September 2009. Retrieved 22 June 2011. (In Swedish)
- Henrik Arvidsson. "Först till kvarn i Drömfabriken" Dagens Nyheter, 11 July 2008. Retrieved 22 June 2011. (In Swedish)
- John Seabrook. "Tru, Two", The New Yorker, 25 September 2006. Retrieved 23 June 2011.
- Rolf Potts. "The New B Movie" The New York Times Magazine, 7 October 2007. Retrieved 12 January 2009.
- Henrik Arvidsson. "Tvillingfilmer vi minns", Dagens Nyheter'', 11 July 2008. Retrieved 22 June 2011. (In Swedish)
- "11 Damn Near Identical Movies That Were Released at the Same Time", 11points.com, 13 March 2009. Retrieved 22 June 2011.
- "Double Headers", mutantreviewers.com. Retrieved 22 June 2011.
- "Cinema: New Picture: Jun. 12, 1939". TIME. 12 June 1939. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
- "Cinema: Popeye the Magnificent". TIME. 28 March 1938. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
- Roger Ebert (17 July 1968). "You're a Big Boy Now". Rogerebert.suntimes.com. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
- "Cinema: This Property Is Condemned". TIME. 1 June 1970. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
- "Cinema: Andy Hardy Gets Busted". TIME. 6 July 1970. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
- Roger Ebert (14 July 1971). "The Grissom Gang". Rogerebert.suntimes.com. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
- Roger Ebert (15 August 1973). "Jesus Christ Superstar". Rogerebert.suntimes.com. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
- Roger Ebert (21 March 1973). "Godspell". Rogerebert.suntimes.com. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
- Gary Dudak. "Twin Movies: A History of Two Similar Films Coming Out at the Same Time" Mandatory, 14 April 2014
- "Crime Profiles: The Zodiac Killer - The Aftermath". Citv.com.au. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
- Hesse, Monica (August 30, 2009). "'Gamer,' 'Surrogates' and 'Avatar': Upcoming Films on Humans Abandoning Reality". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 2, 2016.
- Boucher, Geoff (September 3, 2009). "‘Gamer,’ ‘Surrogates,’ ‘Avatar’ and the meaning of (second) life". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 2, 2016.
- Press, David Germain Associated. "'Megamind' very similar to 'Despicable Me'". starnewsonline.com. Retrieved 11 January 2017.
- Hewitt, Chris (July 13, 2012). "Dredd Review". Empire. Retrieved August 14, 2016.
- Symonds, Alexandria (February 16, 2012). "Trailer Face-Off! Seeking a Friend for the End of the World vs. Extraterrestrial". Interview. Retrieved August 14, 2016.
- Cieply, Michael (October 27, 2012). "Two Films in Which Classical Music Is Much More Than a Score". The New York Times. Retrieved August 14, 2016.
- Cieply, Michael (May 9 2011). "Aside From the Vampires, Lincoln Film Seeks Accuracy". New York Times. Retrieved 27 May 2017. Check date values in:
- Scheck, Frank (August 27, 2014). "'Patema Inverted': Film Review". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved August 14, 2016.
- "Like Father Like Son". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. April 24, 2014. Retrieved August 14, 2016.
- Guy Lodge (12 October 2013). "On Captain Phillips, A Hijacking and the year of movie twins". HitFix. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
- Campbell, Christopher (7 September 2015). "The Critical Distinction of Steve Jobs". filmschoolrejects.com. Retrieved 11 January 2017.
- Roger Wilson. "Tvillingfilmer", Godmorgon, världen!, Sveriges Radio P1, 18 May 2014. Retrieved 18 May 2014. (In Swedish)
- Vineyard, Jennifer (August 23, 2013). "Simon Pegg and Nick Frost on The World’s End, Pub Crawls, and Destruction Porn". Vulture. Retrieved August 14, 2016.
- Stevens, Dana (May 9, 2014). "Enemy and The Double". Slate. Retrieved August 14, 2016.
- Geoffrey Crété. "film reviews - John Wick - Cineman". Cineman.ch. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
- Sara Stewart. "Zombie rom-com ‘Burying the Ex’ is D.O.A.". New York Post. Retrieved 6 December 2015.
- MrDisgusting (20 October 2015). "Sony’s Alien, Zombie, Vampire Horror Movie ‘Freaks of Nature’ Gets a Red Band Trailer!". Bloody Disgusting. Retrieved 22 October 2015.
- Fabrizio Rinaldi (16 November 2015). "Here’s proof that ‘Spectre’ and ‘Mission: Impossible — Rogue Nation’ are the same film". Medium. Retrieved 25 April 2017. hair space character in
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- Tasha Hegarty (16 December 2015). "Reddit explains how Spectre and Mission: Impossible - Rogue Nation are actually the same movie". Digitalspy. Retrieved 25 April 2017.
- Hayden, Erik; McClintock, Pamela (January 26, 2015). "Paramount Shifts Mission: Impossible 5 Release Date to Summer 2015". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved January 27, 2015. Also, Spooks: The Greater Good.
- "Marguerite vs Florence Foster Jenkins". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. April 22, 2016. Retrieved August 14, 2016.
- Halperin, Moze (October 25, 2016). "The Writers of ‘Christine’ and ‘Kate Plays Christine’ on One of the Strangest Cinematic Coincidences in Recent Memory". Flavorwire. Retrieved December 5, 2016.
- Chaka Phillips (23 August 2014). "Race to Make the 'Jungle Book' Movie: Disney Versus Warner Bros.". Latin Post. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
- Pulver, Andrew (2 March 2015). "Fifty Shades star Jamie Dornan in new wartime drama Anthropoid". The Guardian. Retrieved 15 April 2017.
- Bosley Crowther. "My Days with Jean Marc Screen: Participants Testily to a Broken Marriage:Twin Films by Cayatte at Two Theaters Charrier and Miss Nat Star as Couple", New York Times, 27 October 1964. Retrieved 24 June 2011.
- "With twin films, Japan and US let go of Iwo Jima scars", breitbart.com, 21 October (2005?). Retrieved 24 June 2011.
- Associated Press. "Rai calls twin films tough challenge", LJWorld.com, 9 October 2009. Retrieved 24 June 2011.