Twin films

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Twin films are films with the same, or very similar, plot produced or released at the same time by two different film studios.[1] The phenomenon can result from two or more[2] production companies investing in similar scripts around the same time, resulting in a race to distribute the films to audiences.[3] Some attribute twin films to industrial espionage, the movement of staff between studios, or that the same screenplays are sent to several film studios before being accepted. Another possible explanation is if the films deal with topical issues, such as volcanic eruptions, reality television, terrorist attacks or significant anniversaries, resulting in multiple discovery of the concept.[3]

Screenwriter Terry Rossio notes that there are always multiple film projects with similar subjects being developed in multiple studios while usually only one of them makes it into production in a given period of time, and therefore twin films are better regarded as exceptions.[4] In one case, for the 1974 film The Towering Inferno, the fear of having competing action thrillers, both set in a burning skyscraper, convinced two Hollywood studios to merge their productions into one (all-star) film.[5]

While twin films usually are big budget films, a mockbuster can be made with a low budget, with similar titles, aesthetics and/or theme as blockbuster films.[6] Mockbusters are usually given more limited release and marketing, intending to piggy-back on the public interest in the topic driven by the major film.

Producer Bingham Ray recalls a conversation where the screenwriter of the 2006 Truman Capote biopic Infamous phoned to announce that his script had been finished. Ray said "I know, I've got it on my desk!" before realizing that he actually had the screenplay to Capote, a biopic by a different writer.[7]

Examples[edit]

Noted examples of twin films are included in this list:[7][8][9][10]

First film Release date Second film Release date Further info
Jezebel 1938 Gone with the Wind 1939 William Wyler's Jezebel (1938) was reportedly created for Bette Davis when she failed to win the highly coveted role of Scarlett O'Hara in Gone with the Wind (1939). Both films were about feisty, independent Southern belles during the American Civil War.
Young Mr. Lincoln 1939 Abe Lincoln in Illinois 1940 [11][12] Both are about Abraham Lincoln.
Oscar Wilde 1960 The Trials of Oscar Wilde 1960 Both are about the Irish playwright Oscar Wilde.
Dr. Strangelove 1964 Fail-Safe 1964 Both deal with the concept of accidental nuclear war, although Dr. Strangelove is satire, while Fail-Safe is a drama.
Harlow 1965 Harlow 1965 Both were based on the life story of Jean Harlow.
You're a Big Boy Now 1966 The Graduate 1967 Also Benjamin (1968). All are coming-of-age comedy-drama films about a young man being pursued by an older woman.[13]
Yours, Mine and Ours 1968 With Six You Get Eggroll 1968 Both movies deal with widowed parents marrying and combining both of their families.
Leo the Last 1970 The Landlord 1970 Both deal with issues of class and race and feature an upper-class white man who moves into a lower-class black neighborhood and gets involved with the residents.[14]
The Strawberry Statement 1970 Getting Straight 1970 Also The Revolutionary and R. P. M. (1970), are all dramas about campus revolt.[15]
Bloody Mama 1970 The Grissom Gang 1971 Both based on the life story of Ma Barker.[16]
Sweet Sweetback's Baadasssss Song 1971 Shaft 1971 Both are frequently credited as the earliest examples of the blaxploitation genre.
Godspell 1973 Jesus Christ Superstar 1973 Both adaptations of Broadway musicals based on the life of Jesus Christ.[17][18]
The Gambler 1974 California Split 1974 Both portray Jewish protagonists addicted to gambling on a downward spiral.
The Conversation 1974 The Parallax View 1974 Also Executive Action (1973). Both are paranoid thrillers about an assassination.
Cannonball 1976 The Gumball Rally 1976 Both about the same illegal cross-country race.
Go Tell the Spartans 1978 Coming Home 1978 Also The Deer Hunter (1978) and Apocalypse Now (1979) are all about American involvement in the Vietnam War.
The Warriors 1979 The Wanderers 1979 Both are about gang wars between New York teenage street gangs of various ethnicities.
Nosferatu the Vampyre 1979 Dracula 1979 Also Love At First Bite (1979), all based on Bram Stoker's novel Dracula.
The Amityville Horror 1979 The Shining 1980 Both supernatural horror films about a family moving into a building where a previous family of tenants has been murdered, in which the father "becomes" the previous murderer, ultimately attacking his family with an axe.
Border Cop 1979 Borderline 1980 Also The Border (1982); All involve border patrol or immigration enforcement agents that have dangerous encounters with criminals.
The Howling 1981 Wolfen 1981 Also An American Werewolf In London (1981); All either involve werewolves or supernatural wolf-like creatures.
Porky's 1981 The Last American Virgin 1982 Also Screwballs and Losin' It (both 1983); all are sex comedies depicting a group of young male friends trying to lose their respective virginities or perform another sexually related mission.
Some Kind of Hero 1982 First Blood 1982 Both feature a Vietnam War vet who returns home who then has trouble adjusting to civilian life.
Carmen 1983 Carmen 1984 Both are adaptations of Georges Bizet's opera Carmen.
Wild Style 1983 Beat Street 1984 Both well-received golden age hip hop films, focusing on all four pillars of hip hop culture.[19][20] See also 1983 documentary, Style Wars, focusing on graffiti and to a lesser extent breakdancing; 1984 film Breakin' focused largely on breakdancing; 1985's Krush Groove, a fictionalized retelling of the founding of Def Jam, focused more on and rap music. Many overlapping performers appear in the films, such as the Rock Steady Crew in Wild Style, Style Wars, and Beat Street.
Country 1984 The River 1984 Also Places in the Heart (1984); All are about the difficulties faced by family farms.
Dreamscape 1984 A Nightmare On Elm Street 1984 Both are about people entering the dreams of others and being able to kill them in real-life by killing them in their dreams.
Gremlins 1984 Ghoulies 1985 Also Critters (1986), all involve small destructive, evil creatures.
The Return of the Living Dead 1985 Day of the Dead 1985 Zombie movies, released almost simultaneously, both arising from the collaboration between John Russo and George A. Romero on Night of the Living Dead
Weird Science 1985 Real Genius 1985 Also My Science Project (1985), all feature teens dabbling in mad science and winding up in over their heads.
Back to the Future 1985 Peggy Sue Got Married 1986 Both feature protagonists who go back in time and meet high school versions of their family members, played by the same actors.
Fright Night 1985 Vamp 1986 Also The Lost Boys and Near Dark (1987); all are vampire films involving teenage characters.
Top Gun 1986 Iron Eagle 1986 Both are films about fighter pilots.
An American Tail 1986 The Great Mouse Detective 1986 Both are animated feature films starring mice.
GoBots: Battle of the Rock Lords 1986 The Transformers: The Movie 1986 Both are animated feature films derived from TV cartoons based on toy lines about transforming robots.
The Vindicator 1986 RoboCop 1987 Both are about an innocent man who is left mutilated and near-dead by villains, is reconstructed into a cyborg by a special-weapons company, and seeks revenge on the people responsible for his fate.
Gothic 1986 Haunted Summer 1988 Also Rowing with the Wind (1988). All are set in 1816 when Lord Byron, Mary Shelley, Percy Shelley and John William Polidori spend a summer in the isolated Villa Diodati by Lake Geneva.
Link 1986 Monkey Shines 1988 Both are horror-films with primates as the antagonist.
The Secret of My Succe$s 1987 Working Girl 1988 Both about people starting new lower-level jobs in New York City, pretending to be executives, coming up with great ideas regarding takeovers, and getting the girl/guy that was "out of their league".
Like Father, Like Son 1987 Big 1988 Also Vice Versa and 18 Again! (1988); all portray youngsters as, or who reverse roles with, older men.
Dangerous Liaisons 1988 Valmont 1989 Both are adaptations of the novel Les Liaisons Dangereuses
Turner & Hooch 1989 K-9 1989 Both are about a police officer who gets a dog for a partner.
DeepStar Six 1989 Leviathan 1989 Also The Abyss, The Evil Below, Lords of the Deep and The Rift (1989); all are underwater thrillers involving explorers discovering strange new (and in most of the movies hostile) creatures in the ocean.
Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves 1991 Robin Hood 1991 Both are based on the legend of Robin Hood.
December Bride 1991 The Playboys 1992 Both films tell of a young Irish woman in a small rural community who decides to have a child out of wedlock.
Point Break 1991 Stone Cold 1991 Also Beyond the Law (1992). Both are stunt heavy, action-crime films where an undercover cop must infiltrate a criminal organization while being berated by their superiors.
1492: Conquest of Paradise 1992 Christopher Columbus: The Discovery 1992 Both are about Christopher Columbus and his discovery of the Americas in 1492.
Fear of a Black Hat 1993 CB4 1993 Both are hip hop parodies, Fear of a Black Hat is a mockumentary, and both films largely parody N.W.A, among other popular acts.[19]
Hard Target 1993 Surviving the Game 1994 Both are modern-day action-adventure thrillers that are heavily inspired by The Most Dangerous Game.
Tombstone 1993 Wyatt Earp 1994 Both are Wyatt Earp biopics.
Rookie of the Year 1993 Little Big League 1994 Both are films in which a 12-year-old boy becomes involved in major league baseball.
Kalifornia 1993 Natural Born Killers 1994 Also 1993 mini-series Murder in the Heartland, all are road movies about a couple engaging in multi-state killing sprees and all directly or loosely based on real murderer Charles Starkweather. Both films have Juliette Lewis as a main character.
Three of Hearts 1993 Threesome 1994 Both films involve a love triangle between a heterosexual, a homosexual and a bisexual.
Terminal Velocity 1994 Drop Zone 1994 Both are action films that involve skydiving.
The Adventures of Priscilla, Queen of the Desert 1994 To Wong Foo, Thanks for Everything! Julie Newmar 1995 Both have the plot of drag queens going on a road trip across their continent (in one case Australia, in the other, the United States), in a journey of self-discovery.
Street Fighter 1994 Mortal Kombat 1995 Both are martial arts action adventure films based on fighting game franchises.
Braveheart 1995 Rob Roy 1995 Also The Bruce (1996); All are adventure/war biopics set in Scotland.[8]
Babe 1995 Gordy 1995 Both are family films starring piglets.[8]
Showgirls 1995 Striptease 1996 Both are erotic drama films centered around a lead character involved in the stripper profession.[21]
Powder 1995 Phenomenon 1996 Both tell the story of a man with telepathic powers that make him an outcast in a small town.
Dante's Peak 1997 Volcano 1997 Both are disaster films centered around volcanic eruptions.[7][8]
The Jackal 1997 The Assignment 1997 Both are action thrillers dealing with assassins called "Jackal."
Kundun 1997 Seven Years in Tibet 1997 Both are fact-based dramas set in mid-20th century Tibet, with the 14th Dalai Lama as a main character.[8]
Prefontaine 1997 Without Limits 1998 Both are biographical sports films about distance runner Steve Prefontaine.
Antz 1998 A Bug's Life 1998 Both are computer animated films about insects, starring a non-conformist ant who falls in love with an ant princess, leaves the mound, and eventually returns and is hailed as a hero.[8]
Deep Impact 1998 Armageddon 1998 Also Doomsday Rock (1997), Asteroid (1997), Judgment Day (1999), and Tycus (1998). All are global catastrophic risk disaster films centered around an impending impact event that threatens to end most or all life on Earth.[7][8]
Saving Private Ryan 1998 The Thin Red Line 1998 Both are prestige dramas about World War II.[8]
Dead Man on Campus 1998 The Curve 1998 Both films involve college students attempting to utilize pass by catastrophe.
The Truman Show 1998 Ed TV 1999 Both are films in which a man's life is a 24-hour-a-day TV show.[8]
54 1998 Last Days of Disco 1998 Both films are set again the backdrop of the waning disco era of the late 1970s.
Tale of the Mummy 1998 The Mummy 1999 Both are about mummies coming back to life and killing people.
Dark City 1998 The Matrix 1999 Also The Thirteenth Floor and eXistenZ (1999);[8] all are science fiction films involving the theme of whether the world is real or an illusion. All except for Dark City involve virtual reality in a computer system.
Bicentennial Man 1999 A.I. Artificial Intelligence 2001 Both are science fiction films dealing with the theme of humanoid robots seeking to experience emotion and be human.
Entrapment 1999 The Thomas Crown Affair 1999 Both are caper films focused on the relationship between an attractive female insurance investigator and a male thief who steals an expensive painting by a famous artist.[8] (Coincidentally, the male lead in both films is also played by an actor who has portrayed James Bond.)
End of Days 1999 Stigmata 1999 [8] Also Lost Souls (2000); all are supernatural religious horror films involving the Catholic Church. Both End of Days and Stigmata star Gabriel Byrne as a main character. Both End of Days and Lost Souls involve the theme of Satan taking possession of a man's body.
The Legend of the Titanic 1999 Titanic: The Legend Goes On 2000 Both are Italian animated films involving the maiden voyage and sinking of the Titanic. Both these films involve a romantic relationship between a young man and woman of different social backgrounds, and both feature anthropomorphic talking mice who are emigrating to America, as well as other talking animals.
The Road to El Dorado 2000 The Emperor's New Groove 2000 Both are historical animated comedies set in what is now Latin America.
Scary Movie 2000 Shriek If You Know What I Did Last Friday the Thirteenth 2000 Both are horror movie spoofs.[8]
Mission to Mars 2000 Red Planet 2000 Both are science fiction adventure films about expeditions to Mars.[8]
Wonder Boys 2000 Finding Forrester 2000 [8] Both are films involving a writer.
Gone in 60 Seconds 2000 The Fast and the Furious 2001 Both are action crime films in which cars are an important part of the plot.
Heist 2001 The Score 2001 [8] Both are crime thriller films involving a major robbery.
Joe Dirt 2001 Run Ronnie Run! 2002 Both are crude humor stories about lovable-ish rednecks. There are jokes that are nearly identical in each movie. However, Run Ronnie Run! is based on a Mr. Show with Bob and David character that first appeared in 1995.
Stealing Harvard 2002 Orange County 2002 Both are comedy films about someone resorting to drastic measures in order to obtain acceptance to, or tuition for, a prestigious college.
Liberty Stands Still 2002 Phone Booth 2002 Both movies revolve around people who answer a ringing phone in a public place and are held hostage there by a sniper who has an agenda.
Finding Nemo 2003 Shark Tale 2004 Both are computer animated films that take place in the ocean and center around anthropomorphic fish characters.
Freddy vs. Jason 2003 Alien vs. Predator 2004 Both feature horror icons from the '80s fighting against each other, while humans end up in the crossfire.
Chasing Liberty 2004 First Daughter 2004 Both are romantic comedy films about the rebellious daughter of the President of the United States.[9]
Sky High 2005 Zoom 2006 Both are about kids training to become superheroes.
The Cave 2005 The Descent 2005 [8] Both are horror films in which people encounter deadly creatures in a cave system.
Flightplan 2005 Red Eye 2005 Both are thriller films set on airplanes.[8]
War of the Worlds 2005 H. G. Wells' The War of the Worlds 2005 Both are adaptations of H. G. Wells' The War of the Worlds.
Madagascar 2005 The Wild 2006 Both are computer-animated films involving similar animal characters from New York's Central Park Zoo being introduced to the wild. See The Wild#Madagascar similarities.
Capote 2005 Infamous 2006 Both are dramas about Truman Capote and the writing of In Cold Blood.[7][8]
Beowulf & Grendel 2005 Beowulf 2007 Both are fantasy adventure films based on the Old English epic poem Beowulf.
United 93 2006 Flight 93 2006 Both are dramas about United Airlines Flight 93.[8]
The Prestige 2006 The Illusionist 2006 Both are films about 19th-century magicians.[8]
Happy Feet 2006 Surf's Up 2007 Both are Computer-animated family comedy films about penguins.[22][21]
The Zodiac 2006 Zodiac 2007 Also Curse of the Zodiac (2007);[23] All are films based on the story of the Zodiac Killer.
Coco Chanel 2008 Coco Before Chanel 2009 Also Coco Chanel & Igor Stravinsky (2009). All related to French fashion designer Coco Chanel.
Eagle Eye 2008 Echelon Conspiracy 2009 Both center around a government AI supercomputer that is tasked with protecting the US through ubiquitous surveillance and endless access to nearly all technology, which becomes too autonomous and powerful.[24]
Floored 2009 The Pit 2009 Both are documentary films focused on the people and business of commodities trading floors, with special attention to the advent of electronic trading and the threat it posed to the traditional open outcry system.
Observe and Report 2009 Paul Blart: Mall Cop 2009 Both are comedy films about an overweight mall cop.[2]
Gamer 2009 Surrogates 2009 Also Avatar (2009); all are science fiction films in which people control physical remotely-operated bodies.[2][25][26]
The Road 2009 The Book of Eli 2010 Both films are set in a post-apocalyptic world, where the main characters try to survive by travelling.
Armored 2009 Takers 2010 Both are stylized, action-crime robbery thrillers. Matt Dillon stars in both films.
The A-Team 2010 The Losers 2010 Both are fast-paced action films about dishonored military operatives seeking redemption and revenge after being betrayed on a secret mission. In addition, both are based on pre-existing series from other mediums (one is based on a television show and the other a comic book).
Despicable Me 2010 Megamind 2010 Both are computer animated films about super-villains who turned evil because of bad upbringings, finding themselves seduced to the good side to defeat an even worse villain.[27]
Skyline 2010 Battle: Los Angeles 2011 Both are alien invasion movies that primarily take place in Los Angeles. Sony Pictures, the studio of Battle, initiated legal action against the directors and special effects gurus of Skyline for allegedly ripping off ideas and equipment for their similar film. Sony later dismissed their arbitration, stating they were satisfied their own special effects were not used in Skyline.[28]
No Strings Attached 2011 Friends with Benefits 2011 Both are romantic comedies about a pair of friends who have a casual, non-romantic sexual relationship and eventually fall in love. No Strings Attached had the working title Friends with Benefits, but had to be renamed due to a conflict with the other film.[29]
War of the Buttons 2011 War of the Buttons 2011 Both are French film adaptations of the 1912 novel War of the Buttons, released a week apart from one another, though the first was set in the Algerian War while the second was set in World War II.[30]
The Raid 2011 Dredd 2012 Both films deal with a law enforcement officer infiltrated a large residential building in pursuit of a crimelord, wherein the crimelord attempts to turn the residents against the officer.[31]
Extraterrestrial 2011 Seeking a Friend for the End of the World 2012 [32] Also 4:44 Last Day on Earth (2011) and Melancholia (2011);[33] All are apocalyptic science fiction films.
Quartet 2012 A Late Quartet 2012 Both are about the members of a string quartet facing old age.[34]
The Girl 2012 Hitchcock 2012 Both are Alfred Hitchcock biopics.
Lincoln 2012 Abraham Lincoln: Vampire Hunter 2012 Both films are about United States President Abraham Lincoln.[35]
Mirror Mirror 2012 Snow White and the Huntsman 2012 Both are Snow White films.
Battleship 2012 Pacific Rim 2013 Both involve the invasion of Earth by extraterrestrials that are fought at sea. The protagonist also loses his brother in combat during both movies.
Tomorrow, when the War Began 2010 Red Dawn 2012 Both feature a group of combat-amateurish teens resisting against an invading army when their country is attacked.
Upside Down 2012 Patema Inverted 2013 Both are a romance between characters of twin worlds, each with gravity opposite to the other.[36]
The Other Son 2012 Like Father, Like Son 2013 Both films revolve around two young men who were switched at birth and raised by families from contrasting socioeconomic strata.[37]
A Hijacking 2012 Captain Phillips 2013 Both are about a pirate attack on a cargo ship off the coast of Somalia.[38]
Jobs 2013 Steve Jobs 2015 Both are Steve Jobs biopics.[39]
Olympus Has Fallen 2013 White House Down 2013 Both are action films about terrorist attacks on the White House.[40]
Oblivion 2013 After Earth 2013 Both films include a protagonist who must fight for survival on a post-apocalyptic Earth.[41]
This Is the End 2013 The World's End 2013 [42] Also Rapture-Palooza (2013); all are apocalyptic comedy films.
The Double 2013 Enemy 2013 Both are about a man who finds his physical doppelgänger in a seemingly totalitarian state.[43]
The Machine 2013 Automata 2014 Also Ex Machina (2015);[2] All are science fiction films involving robots and artificial intelligence.
Yves Saint Laurent 2014 Saint Laurent 2014 Both are Yves Saint Laurent biopics.[40]
Hercules 2014 The Legend of Hercules 2014 Also Hercules Reborn (2014);[2] All are about Hercules.
The Equalizer 2014 John Wick 2014 Both films involve a highly trained protagonist who seeks vengeance through killing.[44]
Life After Beth 2014 Burying the Ex 2014 Both are romantic comedies involving zombies.[45]
This Is Where I Leave You 2013 August: Osage County 2014 Both movies involve dysfunctional families reuniting after the death of the patriarch.
Unfriended 2014 Friend Request 2016 Both are horror films with social media plots.
Moonwalkers 2015 Operation Avalanche 2016 Both are films based on Moon landing conspiracy theories.[46]
Marguerite 2015 Florence Foster Jenkins 2016 Both films are based on Florence Foster Jenkins' life.[47]
The Martian 2015 Approaching the Unknown 2016 Both are about a man who is stranded in space on a mission to Mars and has to figure out a way to survive.[48]
Spectre 2015 Mission: Impossible – Rogue Nation 2015 Both films feature the protagonists chasing after secret criminal organisations through Austria, Morocco and London while their intelligence agencies are shutting down.[49][50] Paramount had to advance the release date of Mission: Impossible – Rogue Nation to avoid conflicting with Spectre.[51]
Freaks of Nature 2015 Scouts Guide to the Zombie Apocalypse 2015 [52] Both are comedy horror films involving zombies.
Coming Through the Rye 2015 Rebel in the Rye 2017 Both are films about J. D. Salinger.[53]
Christine 2016 Kate Plays Christine 2016 Both are films about Christine Chubbuck, though Kate Plays Christine is a documentary about the acting process.[54]
Captain Fantastic 2016 The Glass Castle 2017 Both are about a large family who lives secluded from the civilized world and deal with its moral ramifications.[55]
Zootopia 2016 Sing 2016 Also Rock Dog (2016). All are animated movies set in modern cities populated by anthropomorphic animals.
Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice 2016 Captain America: Civil War 2016 Both films deal with superheroes coming into conflict with each other. Both films involve a debate as to whether there should be oversight of the activities of superheroes in the aftermath of deadly incidents involving superheroes in African countries. Both films include a villain who schemes to pit superheroes against each other, and both films involve a bombing of a gathering of officials trying to resolve the debate. Both films also each reference a preceding film in their respective series involving a battle between superheroes and supervillains resulting in mass civilian casualties.
The Jungle Book 2016 Mowgli 2018 Both are live-action, CGI-heavy adaptations of Rudyard Kipling's The Jungle Book, though the 2016 film is a remake of the 1967 animated musical film.[56]
Anthropoid 2016 The Man with the Iron Heart 2017 Both films are about Operation Anthropoid, the assassination of SS-Obergruppenführer Reinhard Heydrich.[57]
Churchill 2017 Darkest Hour 2017 Both are films about Winston Churchill. Also, the TV film Churchill's Secret (2016) is about Winston Churchill.
Darkest Hour 2017 Dunkirk 2017 Both films are about planning of the evacuation of Dunkirk.
Rough Night 2017 Girls Trip 2017 Both films are about a group of best friends, that take a trip that involve romance, party antics, adventure, and self discovery.
Love, Simon 2018 Alex Strangelove 2018 Both movies deal with the coming out stories of high school boys. They both include common tropes found in most high school movies- parties, drinking, drug experimentation, and unrequited love.

Other meanings[edit]

One story from two perspectives[edit]

The term "twin films" has also been used for films produced by the same production company with the purpose of telling the same story from two different points of view:

Multiple-language films[edit]

The term "twin films" has also been used for multiple-language versions of films:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jasper Rees. "Hooray for Bollywood", Evening Standard, 12 October 2001. Retrieved 23 June 2011.
  2. ^ a b c d e Fredrik Strage. "Tvillingfilmer resultatet av ängsliga filmbolag", Dagens Nyheter, 28 September 2009. Retrieved 22 June 2011. (In Swedish)
  3. ^ a b Henrik Arvidsson. "Först till kvarn i Drömfabriken" Dagens Nyheter, 11 July 2008. Retrieved 22 June 2011. (In Swedish)
  4. ^ Rossio, Terry (2016). "Time Risk". Wordplay. Retrieved 26 September 2017. 
  5. ^ Collins, Andrew (January 1, 2000). "The Towering Inferno: Review". Empire Online. 
  6. ^ Rolf Potts. "The New B Movie" The New York Times Magazine, 7 October 2007. Retrieved 12 January 2009.
  7. ^ a b c d e John Seabrook. "Tru, Two", The New Yorker, 25 September 2006. Retrieved 23 June 2011.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u Henrik Arvidsson. "Tvillingfilmer vi minns", Dagens Nyheter'', 11 July 2008. Retrieved 22 June 2011. (In Swedish)
  9. ^ a b "11 Damn Near Identical Movies That Were Released at the Same Time", 11points.com, 13 March 2009. Retrieved 22 June 2011.
  10. ^ "Double Headers", mutantreviewers.com. Retrieved 22 June 2011.
  11. ^ "Cinema: New Picture: Jun. 12, 1939". TIME. 12 June 1939. Retrieved 21 June 2015. 
  12. ^ "Cinema: Popeye the Magnificent". TIME. 28 March 1938. Retrieved 21 June 2015. 
  13. ^ Roger Ebert (17 July 1968). "You're a Big Boy Now". Rogerebert.suntimes.com. Retrieved 21 June 2015. 
  14. ^ "Cinema: This Property Is Condemned". TIME. 1 June 1970. Retrieved 21 June 2015. 
  15. ^ "Cinema: Andy Hardy Gets Busted". TIME. 6 July 1970. Retrieved 21 June 2015. 
  16. ^ Roger Ebert (14 July 1971). "The Grissom Gang". Rogerebert.suntimes.com. Retrieved 21 June 2015. 
  17. ^ Roger Ebert (15 August 1973). "Jesus Christ Superstar". Rogerebert.suntimes.com. Retrieved 21 June 2015. 
  18. ^ Roger Ebert (21 March 1973). "Godspell". Rogerebert.suntimes.com. Retrieved 21 June 2015. 
  19. ^ a b "20 Landmark Films in Hip-Hop History". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 22 November 2017. 
  20. ^ "8 Things to Watch After You've Binged 'The Get Down'The Great Gatsby". Complex. Retrieved 22 November 2017. 
  21. ^ a b Gary Dudak. "Twin Movies: A History of Two Similar Films Coming Out at the Same Time" Mandatory, 14 April 2014
  22. ^ King, Susan (2007-06-04). "In `Surf's Up,' penguins again are the go-to birds". Los Angeles Times. Ross Levinsohn. Retrieved 2017-09-04. 
  23. ^ "Crime Profiles: The Zodiac Killer - The Aftermath". Citv.com.au. Retrieved 21 June 2015. 
  24. ^ Whipp, Glenn (2 March 2009). "'Echelon Conspiracy'". Retrieved 11 October 2017 – via LA Times. 
  25. ^ Hesse, Monica (August 30, 2009). "'Gamer,' 'Surrogates' and 'Avatar': Upcoming Films on Humans Abandoning Reality". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 2, 2016. 
  26. ^ Boucher, Geoff (September 3, 2009). "'Gamer,' 'Surrogates,' 'Avatar' and the meaning of (second) life". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 2, 2016. 
  27. ^ Press, David Germain Associated. "'Megamind' very similar to 'Despicable Me'". starnewsonline.com. Retrieved 11 January 2017. 
  28. ^ Belloni, Matthew (2011-03-17). "Sony Settles Dispute With 'Skyline' Directors Over 'Battle: LA' Special Effects". The Hollywood Reporter. Lynne Segall. Retrieved 2017-09-15. 
  29. ^ Bailey, Jason (December 29, 2010). "Know Your Natalie Portman/Mila Kunis Sex Comedies". Flavorwire. 
  30. ^ de La Baume, Maia (2011-09-14). "A Battle at the French Box Office: Two Remakes of One Classic Film". The New York Times. 
  31. ^ Hewitt, Chris (July 13, 2012). "Dredd Review". Empire. Retrieved August 14, 2016. 
  32. ^ Symonds, Alexandria (February 16, 2012). "Trailer Face-Off! Seeking a Friend for the End of the World vs. Extraterrestrial". Interview. Retrieved August 14, 2016. 
  33. ^ Rafferty, Terrence (15 June 2012). "'Seeking a Friend for the End of the World' and Other Apocalyptic Movies". Retrieved 11 October 2017 – via www.nytimes.com. 
  34. ^ Cieply, Michael (October 27, 2012). "Two Films in Which Classical Music Is Much More Than a Score". The New York Times. Retrieved August 14, 2016. 
  35. ^ Cieply, Michael (May 9, 2011). "Aside From the Vampires, Lincoln Film Seeks Accuracy". New York Times. Retrieved 27 May 2017. 
  36. ^ Scheck, Frank (August 27, 2014). "'Patema Inverted': Film Review". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved August 14, 2016. 
  37. ^ "Like Father Like Son". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. April 24, 2014. Retrieved August 14, 2016. 
  38. ^ Guy Lodge (12 October 2013). "On Captain Phillips, A Hijacking and the year of movie twins". HitFix. Retrieved 21 June 2015. 
  39. ^ Campbell, Christopher (7 September 2015). "The Critical Distinction of Steve Jobs". filmschoolrejects.com. Retrieved 11 January 2017. 
  40. ^ a b Roger Wilson. "Tvillingfilmer", Godmorgon, världen!, Sveriges Radio P1, 18 May 2014. Retrieved 18 May 2014. (In Swedish)
  41. ^ Wallace, Lewis. "Post-Apocalyptic Sci-Fi Trailer Smackdown: Oblivion Versus After Earth". WIRED. Retrieved 2017-09-13. 
  42. ^ Vineyard, Jennifer (August 23, 2013). "Simon Pegg and Nick Frost on The World's End, Pub Crawls, and Destruction Porn". Vulture. Retrieved August 14, 2016. 
  43. ^ Stevens, Dana (May 9, 2014). "Enemy and The Double". Slate. Retrieved August 14, 2016. 
  44. ^ Geoffrey Crété. "film reviews - John Wick - Cineman". Cineman.ch. Retrieved 21 June 2015. 
  45. ^ Sara Stewart. "Zombie rom-com 'Burying the Ex' is D.O.A." New York Post. Retrieved 6 December 2015. 
  46. ^ Prigge, Matt (September 16, 2016). "'Operation Avalanche' is another comedy about the 'fake' moon landing". Metro New York. Retrieved March 18, 2018. 
  47. ^ "Marguerite vs Florence Foster Jenkins". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. April 22, 2016. Retrieved August 14, 2016. 
  48. ^ Kenigsberg, Ben (June 2, 2016). "Review: In 'Approaching the Unknown,' Mark Strong Trades Earth for Mars". The New York Times. Retrieved August 10, 2017. 
  49. ^ Fabrizio Rinaldi (16 November 2015). "Here's proof that 'Spectre' and 'Mission: Impossible – Rogue Nation' are the same film". Medium. Retrieved 25 April 2017. 
  50. ^ Tasha Hegarty (16 December 2015). "Reddit explains how Spectre and Mission: Impossible - Rogue Nation are actually the same movie". Digitalspy. Retrieved 25 April 2017. 
  51. ^ Hayden, Erik; McClintock, Pamela (January 26, 2015). "Paramount Shifts Mission: Impossible 5 Release Date to Summer 2015". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved January 27, 2015.  Also, Spooks: The Greater Good.
  52. ^ MrDisgusting (20 October 2015). "Sony's Alien, Zombie, Vampire Horror Movie 'Freaks of Nature' Gets a Red Band Trailer!". Bloody Disgusting. Retrieved 22 October 2015. 
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