Twineham

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Twineham
Village
Twineham church.JPG
Twineham church
Twineham is located in West Sussex
Twineham
Twineham
Location within West Sussex
Area7.84 km2 (3.03 sq mi) [1]
Population271 [1] 2001 Census
306 (2011 Census)[2]
• Density35/km2 (91/sq mi)
OS grid referenceTQ256198
• London37 miles (60 km) N
Civil parish
  • Twineham
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townHAYWARDS HEATH
Postcode districtRH17
Dialling code01444
PoliceSussex
FireWest Sussex
AmbulanceSouth East Coast
UK Parliament
WebsiteTwineham Parish Council
List of places
UK
England
West Sussex
50°57′51″N 0°12′46″W / 50.96419°N 0.21273°W / 50.96419; -0.21273Coordinates: 50°57′51″N 0°12′46″W / 50.96419°N 0.21273°W / 50.96419; -0.21273

Twineham is a village and civil parish in the Mid Sussex District of West Sussex, England. It is located eight kilometres (5 miles) to the west of Burgess Hill. The civil parish covers an area of 784 hectares (1,940 acres) In the 2001 census 271 people lived in 100 households, of whom 139 were economically active. The 2011 Census population was 306.[2]

The village centre has no pub, post office or shop. There is only the church and the school.

The hamlet of Hickstead lies at the eastern end of the parish, on the A23 road, 2.7 mi (4.3 km) west of Burgess Hill.

History[edit]

Place name[edit]

Recorded as Tuineam (late 11th century), Tuynhe, Twyne (13th century); Twynym (15th century). The name is Old English in origin, meaning ‘(Place) between the streams’, from the OE ‘betwēonan’: between, amongst, and ‘ēa’ (dative plural ēam): river, stream.[3][4][5]

Early history[edit]

In Anglo-Saxon times it was a royal manor.[6]

Later history[edit]

In 1856, Twineham had many more services than today: a post office, general shop, butchers, dairy, shoe menders, blacksmith and wheelwright.[citation needed] None of these services are now there.

In 1911, the village started to get its piped water supply from the Burgess Hill Water Company. In 1928, the roads were surfaced, and electricity came to the village in 1936. The village of Twineham has never had its own pub, though there are two pubs in the parish of Twineham.

Governance[edit]

Civil Parish[edit]

Twineham Parish Council has five parish councillors.[7] The Parish Council holds six planned meetings a year; additional meetings may be called to discuss planning applications. Meetings are held at Twineham School.[8]

The Localism Act 2011 gives town or parish councils the ability to produce their own neighbourhood plan.[9] The Twineham Neighbourhood Plan was made on 24 March 2016. The plan informs development decisions, and helps influence the type, quality and location of that development.[10]

Non-metropolitan district[edit]

Twineham civil parish is in Bolney Ward of the non-metropolitan district of Mid Sussex;[11] the ward returns one councillor to Mid Sussex District Council.[12]

The responsibilities of district councils include local planning, housing, local highways, building, environmental health, and refuse collection.[13]

Non-metropolitan county[edit]

Twineham civil parish is in the Hurstpierpoint and Bolney electoral division of the non-metropolitan county of West Sussex.[11] The division returns one councillor to West Sussex County Council.[14]

The functions of county councils including education, transport, strategic planning, fire services, consumer protection, refuse disposal, social services and libraries.[13]

Westminster Constituency[edit]

Twineham civil parish is now in the Mid Sussex constituency.[11] Prior to 2010 it was in the Arundel and South Downs constituency.

Geography[edit]

Rivers[edit]

The eastern River Adur meets Herrings Stream at Twineham (50°57′46″N 0°14′09″W / 50.962746°N 0.235728°W / 50.962746; -0.235728). The river then continues to the west of Henfield, where it meets the western Adur to reach the sea at Shoreham-by-Sea.

Hickstead[edit]

The hamlet of Hickstead, at the eastern end of the parish (50°58′05″N 0°11′41″W / 50.96806°N 0.19477°W / 50.96806; -0.19477), is famous as the location of the All England Jumping Course, a short distance to the south, in the civil parish of Hurstpierpoint and Sayers Common.

Landmarks[edit]

Listed Buildings[edit]

Twineham civil parish contains 21 listed buildings. Of these, one is Grade I, two are Grade II* and the remaining 18 buildings are Grade II.

The Grade I listed building is:

  • The Parish Church of St Peter (List Entry Number 1284819) - see below.[15]

The Grade II* buildings are:

  • Slipe (List Entry Number 1025584), a former farmhouse, originally a 15th-century timber-framed open hall with a solar wing, modified in the 16th century and restored in the 1920s and late 1940s.[16]
An outbuilding at Hickstead Place, photographed from the north-east
  • Hickstead Place (List Entry Number 1181866), a timber-framed house of different periods, altered from the 18th century onwards; the oldest portions are 15th century.[17]

All England Jumping Course at Hickstead[edit]

Part of the All England Jumping Course at Hickstead is located within the parish; however, the International Arena itself, and public access to the course from the A23, are outside the parish, to the south, in the civil parish of Hurstpierpoint and Sayers Common.[10]

War Memorial[edit]

Twineham's War Memorial is a grade II listed building (List Entry Number 1436546). The National Heritage List for England describes it as 'an elegant and well-proportioned example of a Celtic cross memorial displaying good quality materials and fine craftsmanship'.[18]

Education[edit]

Twineham Church of England Primary School is a voluntary controlled school catering for Reception to Year 6 pupils (aged 4 to 11). There are no nursery classes. The school has capacity for 105 pupils.[19][20]

The school's Ofsted rating is ‘Good’. It was last inspection on 17 January 2017. Good schools are inspected around once every four years; the next Ofsted inspection is therefore due in 2021.[21]

The school is located in Church Lane, Twineham, adjacent to St Peter's Church. It was opened in 1864, with provision for 80 children.[22] Originally a tithe barn, the building has various additions, the latest in 2009.[23][24]

St Peter's Church[edit]

St Peter's Church is early Tudor, built with mellow red brick and a Horsham stone roof. There are covered pews, a gallery under the tower, which has a peal of five bells, and a Jacobean pulpit. The church is a Grade I listed building for the rarity of small early C16 churches.[15]

The churchyard contains a Quaker burial ground (used between 1694 and 1732) marked by four stone corner posts.

Sport[edit]

Twineham & Wineham Cricket Club, founded in 1893, still play at the village's recreation ground. The club plays friendly Sunday matches both at home and away against local village teams between the end of April and the end of September. The club was revived in the early 1980s after some years in the wilderness, and has since gone from strength to strength. In the late 1980s, its membership was boosted by the arrival of players from the recently defunct Warninglid team and the influx of a number of players from Brighton. The club has its own pavilion, though with no toilet. There have been tours to Yorkshire, Devon, Suffolk and Ibiza. The club runs just one team, and has occasionally struggled with numbers, but in 2009 membership is healthier than for many years, due in large part to the feeding through of the next generation. The club now boasts no fewer than six father-son combinations among its members.[citation needed]

Notable residents[edit]

Douglas Bunn (1928 – 2009), showjumping entrepreneur and businessman, lived in the parish, near Hickstead. He was godfather to model Jodie Kidd, who married entrepreneur Aidan Butler at St Peter's Church, Twineham on 10 September 2005.[25]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "2001 Census: West Sussex – Population by Parish" (PDF). West Sussex County Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 June 2011. Retrieved 10 April 2009.
  2. ^ a b "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 30 September 2016.
  3. ^ "'Parishes: Twineham', in A History of the County of Sussex: Volume 7, the Rape of Lewes, ed. L F Salzman (London, 1940), pp. 186-191". British History Online. Institute of Historical Research, University of London. Retrieved 15 February 2020.
  4. ^ "Twineham". Key to English Place-Names. Institute for Name-Studies, University of Nottingham. Retrieved 15 February 2020.
  5. ^ Mills, A. D. (2011). A Dictionary of British place-names. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199609086. Retrieved 15 February 2020.
  6. ^ Woolf, Alex (2001). "View from the West: An Irish perspective". In Higham, N. J.; Hill, D. H. (eds.). Edward the Elder 899-924. Routledge. p. 98. ISBN 0-415-21497-1.
  7. ^ "Twineham Parish Council Notice of Election". Twineham Parish Council. Twineham Parish Council. Retrieved 13 February 2020.
  8. ^ "Meetings". Twineham Parish Council. Twineham Parish Council. Retrieved 13 February 2020.
  9. ^ "Neighbourhood Plans". Mid Sussex District Council. Mid Sussex District Council. Retrieved 13 February 2020.
  10. ^ a b Twineham Neighbourhood Development Plan 2014 - 2031 (PDF) (‘Made’ Document ed.). Haywards Heath: Mid Sussex District Council. March 2016. Retrieved 13 February 2020.
  11. ^ a b c "Election Maps". Ordnance Survey. Ordnance Survey. Retrieved 13 February 2020.
  12. ^ "Your Councillors by Ward". Mid Sussex District Council. Mid Sussex District Council. Retrieved 13 February 2020.
  13. ^ a b "England : Detailed information on the administrative structure within England". Office for National Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 13 February 2020.
  14. ^ "Electoral division boundaries". West Sussex County Council. West Sussex County Council. Retrieved 13 February 2020.
  15. ^ a b Historic England. "The Parish Church of St Peter (1284819)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 27 November 2019.
  16. ^ Historic England. "Slipe (1025584)". National Heritage List for England.
  17. ^ Historic England. "Hickstead Place (1181866)". National Heritage List for England.
  18. ^ Historic England. "Twineham War Memorial (1436546)". National Heritage List for England.
  19. ^ "Get information about schools : Twineham CofE Primary School". GOV.UK. UK Government Digital Service. Retrieved 14 February 2020.
  20. ^ "Twineham CofE Primary School". West Sussex County Council. West Sussex County Council. Retrieved 14 February 2020.
  21. ^ "Twineham CofE Primary School". Ofsted : Find an inspection report. Ofsted. Retrieved 14 February 2020.
  22. ^ Kelly's Directory of Kent, Surrey & Sussex, 1891. [Part 4: Sussex & Advertisements]. London: Kelly's Directories. 1891. Retrieved 14 February 2020.
  23. ^ "Twineham". Twineham Parish Council. Twineham Parish Council. Retrieved 14 February 2020.
  24. ^ McKergow, Peter. "Parish History [extract from 'Twineham Recollections']". Twineham Parish Council. Twineham Parish Council. Retrieved 14 February 2020.
  25. ^ Michael Horsnell (10 September 2005). "Four weddings promise much joy for paparazzi". The Times. p. 11.

External links[edit]