Twisted Wheel Club
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|Location||Brazennose Street, Manchester, England, United Kingdom|
|Owner||Jack, Phillip and Ivor Abadi|
|Type||Live music venue|
|Genre(s)||Blues, Soul, Northern soul|
The nightclub was founded by the brothers Jack, Phillip and Ivor Abadi as a blues and soul live music coffee bar/dance club. The original location of the club was on Brazennose Street, near Deansgate and Albert Square. This was the rhythm and blues mod venue, with Roger Eagle as DJ. The club's later location was at 6, Whitworth Street, M1 3QW. This venue was the mostly soul-oriented club with resident Saturday "All Niter" DJ Bob Dee compiling and supervising the playlist and utilising the newly developed slip-cueing technique to cue in vinyl records. The Whitworth Street venue was a converted warehouse, with a coffee snack bar on the ground floor and a series of rooms in the cellar. These lower rooms housed the stage, a caged disc jockey area, and the main dance room. Back-lit iron wheels decorated the simple painted brick walls. Ivor Abadi ran the club without an alcohol licence, serving only soft drinks and snacks. There was another Twisted Wheel in Blackpool under the same ownership.
Prior to the opening of the Twisted Wheel, most UK nightclubs played modern popular music, Soul and R&B. The Twisted Wheel DJs and local entrepreneurs imported large quantities of records directly from the United States. Many of the records played at the Twisted Wheel were rare even in the United States; some may only have been released in one city or state. At the time, in addition to records released by larger record companies, there was a huge number of soul releases by a wide variety of artists on a multiplicity of obscure, independent labels.
All-night sessions were held each Saturday, from 11:00 pm through to Sunday 7:30 am. DJs played new records generally not played elsewhere. However, by 1969 more mainstream songs like Steam's "Na Na Hey Hey Kiss Him Goodbye" and Tony Joe White's "Polk Salad Annie" were added to the early session playlist. Allnight DJ, Brian "45" Philips introduced - Jerry Cook - "I Hurt on the Other Side"; Dobie Gray - "Out on the Floor"; The Artistics - "This Heart of Mine"; Leon Haywood - "Baby Reconsider", Earl Van Dyke - "6 by 6" and U.S releases on Ric-Tic, Brunswick, Okeh and other obscure labels.
Each week at 2:00 am Soul artists performed live at the club. Junior Walker, Edwin Starr, Oscar Toney Jr., Marv Johnson, Mary Wells, Ike and Tina Turner, Johnny Johnson and the Bandwagon, and Inez and Charlie Foxx were among the many musicians to squeeze onto the tiny stage. Soul fans travelled from all over the UK for the all-nighters; some by car, most by train, coach or bus. Singer Chris Rea on his album Deltics commemorates the club in the song "Twisted Wheel". Rea is said to have written this song because of his chagrin at being too young to go on the organised trips to the club's weekend all-nighters from his hometown of Middlesbrough in the mid-1960s.
The club gained the reputation of playing rare and uptempo soul. Following a visit to the Twisted Wheel in 1970, music journalist Dave Godin noted that the music played at the club, and in northern England in general, was quite different from the music played in London. His description "Northern Soul" became the accepted term for this genre and subculture.
The club shut down in early 1971 because of a bylaw which prevented premises from staying open more than two hours into the following day. Since 2002, nostalgia soul nights have been held in the original Whitworth Street location on the final Friday of every month. These nights feature the original DJ playlists and many original members attend. Two "Goldmine" recordings,Twisted Wheel and Twisted Wheel Again, feature songs from the original DJ playlists. The closure of The Twisted Wheel gave the Golden Torch its opportunity to take the Northern Soul crown for the next few years until it too was shut down due to local council opposition. Today its legacy is eclipsed by that of the nearby Wigan Casino.
The Twisted Wheel was reopened in the 1970s as a fully licensed and expanded venue.
The physical structure of the Club was finally removed from the Manchester landscape in 2013 when it was demolished to make way for a hotel. This despite attempts to impress on the City Council the venue's cultural importance. In the few years before the demolition it was reopened as The Twisted Wheel by Pete Roberts, and enjoyed capacity attendance for its Sunday afternoon sessions, alongside of those sessions there were also all nighters and Friday evening sessions.
- "Manchester UK -Northern Soul". Twisted Wheel. Retrieved 3 June 2015.
- "Roger Eagle". Twistedwheel.com. Retrieved 3 June 2015.
- Gatenby, Phill & Gill, Craig (2011) The Manchester Musical History Tour. Manchester: Empire Publications; p. 133
- David Nowell, Too Darn Soulful: The Story of Northern Soul, ISBN 978-1861054319, Robson Books, 2001, p. 35
- Bolton Evening News, 'Marvellous Days and Memories', Saturday 15 March 2003, page 10
- Manchester Evening News, "Where is Bobby Now?", 3 January 2004, page 20
- "Twisted Wheel". Thetwistedwheel.com. Retrieved 3 June 2015.
- "The Twisted Wheel on Manchesterbeat - the group and music scene of Manchester in the 60s". Manchesterbeat.com. Retrieved 3 June 2015.
- "The Twisted Wheel". Soulbot. 15 June 2014. Retrieved 3 June 2015.
- "Manchester UK -Northern Soul". Twistedwheel.net. Retrieved 3 June 2015.
- ThisIsLancashire.co.uk Letter by Bob Dee to Bolton Evening News, published Monday 10 March 2003 with references to his work at the Twisted Wheel
- ThisIsLancashire.co.uk Response letter to Bolton Evening News, published Saturday 15 March 2003 regarding Bob Dee's work at the Twisted Wheel & re-submitted by the same author to the Manchester Evening News, 3 January 2004 page 20)