Two-Fisted Tales

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Two-Fisted Tales
Cover illustration by Harvey Kurtzman
Publication information
Publisher EC Comics
Schedule Bi-monthly
Format Anthology
Genre
Publication date November/December 1950 – February 1955
Number of issues 24
Creative team
Creator(s) William Gaines
Harvey Kurtzman

Two-Fisted Tales was a bimonthly, anthology war comic published by EC Comics in the early 1950s. The title originated in 1950 when Harvey Kurtzman suggested to William Gaines that they publish an adventure comic. Kurtzman became the editor of Two-Fisted Tales, and with the advent of the Korean War, he soon narrowed the focus to war stories. The title was a companion comic to Frontline Combat, and stories Kurtzman wrote for both books often displayed an anti-war attitude. It returned to adventure-themed stories in issues #36 through #39, co-edited by John Severin and Colin Dawkins, with a cover-title change to The New Two-Fisted Tales.

The bimonthly title ran 24 issues, numbered 18–41, from 1950 to 1955. In 1952, EC published Two-Fisted Annual which had no new stories but instead bound together past issues of Two-Fisted Tales with a new cover by Kurtzman. The same procedure was repeated in 1953 for an annual with a new Jack Davis cover.

Years after its demise, Two-Fisted Tales was reprinted in its entirety and was adapted to television.

Publication history[edit]

Numbering[edit]

As with many EC comics published at the time, Two-Fisted Tales did not start with issue number one; a renaming of The Haunt of Fear, Two-Fisted Tales began with issue #18 (cover-dated Dec. 1950) and ran 24 issues through #41 (March 1955).[1] Wholesaler problems had caused Gaines to consider canceling The Haunt of Fear, but he changed his mind without skipping an issue. Two-Fisted Tales took over the numbering, and The Haunt of Fear then reverted to the correct numbering for the remainder of its run.[2]

Development[edit]

Two-Fisted Annual (1953). Cover art by Jack Davis

Kurtzman's editing approach to Two-Fisted Tales and Frontline Combat was a stark contrast to fellow EC editor Al Feldstein's style. Whereas Feldstein allowed his artists to draw the story however they chose, Kurtzman prepared detailed layouts for each story and required his artists to follow them exactly.[3] Kurtzman's writing tended to use less text than Feldstein's, which enabled the two war titles to be hand-lettered rather than machine-lettered like the remainder of EC's titles.[4] Kurtzman was dedicated to making the stories as historically accurate as possible and along with assistant Jerry DeFuccio put a lot of research into each story. As a result, where Feldstein took generally about a week to complete each issue he edited, Kurtzman took approximately a month.

Change in format and demise[edit]

Two-Fisted Tales was published with a companion title, Frontline Combat, for most of its run. Towards the end of 1953, a decrease in interest due to the end of the Korean War, as well as Kurtzman becoming overwhelmed with his work on Mad required changes to be made. Frontline Combat was dropped entirely while Two-Fisted Tales was changed from bi-monthly to quarterly publication. As sales continued to drop, Gaines was forced to fold the title. Over its four-year span, the comic ran for 24 issues, ending with issue 41, in February 1955.

Reprints[edit]

Two-Fisted Tales has been reprinted several times. It was fully reprinted in a series of four black-and-white hardcover books by publisher Russ Cochran as part of the The Complete EC Library in 1980. Between October 1992 and July 1998, Cochran, in association with Gemstone Publishing, reprinted all 24 issues. This complete run was later rebound, with covers included, in a series of five softcover EC Annuals. In 2007, Cochran and Gemstone began to publish hardcover, digitally colored volumes of Two-Fisted Tales as part of the EC Archives series. Two volumes of a projected four were published before the project fell into limbo. But the project may soon be revived under a new publisher. GC Press LLC, a boutique imprint established by Russ Cochran and Grant Geissman, announced in a September 1, 2011 press release that it is continuing the EC Archives series, and the first new releases shipped in January 2012.[5]

Revival[edit]

In 1993, Dark Horse Comics published two issues of Harvey Kurtzman's The New Two-Fisted Tales, featuring war stories by contemporary creators. The first was published April 1, 1993 and the last August 1, 1993. They contained four stories in both issues.

Notable creators[edit]

Two-Fisted Annual (1952). Cover art by Harvey Kurtzman.

Artists who contributed included Kurtzman and other EC regulars such as John Severin, Jack Davis, Wally Wood, George Evans, Will Elder, Reed Crandall and Bernard Krigstein. Non-EC regulars that contributed to the comic included Alex Toth, Ric Estrada, Gene Colan, Joe Kubert and Dave Berg.

Kurtzman wrote the majority of the book's stories from 1950 through 1953, with Jerry DeFuccio contributing one-page text stories and the occasional regular story as well. Colin Dawkins provided the writing for the majority of the stories for 1954 and 1955, with contributions from Davis, Evans and Severin. John Putnam, who scripted "Dien Bien Phu!" (#40), later became the art director of EC's Mad.

Themes[edit]

Anti-war message[edit]

The stories Kurtzman wrote for this title often displayed an anti-war attitude. Canadian journalist Mitchell Brown wrote about the impact and influence of Kurtzman's approach:

Prior to Two-Fisted Tales #18, war comics were simple and jingoistic. Comic readers during the Second World War could look forward to stories about Captain America punching Hitler, or a group of preteen boys pulling pranks behind enemy lines, or a bumbling private up to his usual hijinks in the mess hall. There were plenty of stories that truly tried to capture the horror and senselessness of the battlefield, but comic books were not the place to find them.
Harvey Kurtzman changed all that... But unlike other magazines of the day, no one could accuse Two-Fisted Tales of being wartime propaganda. On the contrary, the magazine was a brutally honest look at battles and wars throughout history. Kurtzman, who had been drafted in 1942, knew warfare firsthand, and he was outraged by the gung-ho war comics that made war look like a glorious thing. In his stories, there were no heroes—just soldiers trapped in situations beyond their control. Often, his stories weren't about soldiers at all, focusing instead on the lives of innocent people scarred by war... The title ended with its 41st issue in 1955, but its influence would later be seen in titles by other publishers that would pick up the torch—for instance, in the 1960s Warren Publishing's Blazing Combat tried to deal honestly with war at a time when honesty about the Vietnam war was hard to come by. In later years, Sgt. Rock would be DC's answer to the call for realistic war stories.
By the end of the century, war comics that told the truth about war were all but forgotten by most readers, making way for movies like Platoon, Full Metal Jacket and Saving Private Ryan to show the true face of war. But the spirit with which Kurtzman created some of the most masterful stories of their kind would, like the servicemen they commemorated, not easily be forgotten.

Kurtzman discussed his approach to Two-Fisted Tales in a 1980 interview:

When I thought of doing a war book, the business of what to say about war was very important to me and was uppermost in my mind, because I did then feel very strongly about not wanting to say anything glamorous about war, and everything that went before Two-Fisted Tales had glamorized war. Nobody had done anything on the depressing aspects of war, and this, to me, was such a dumb—it was a terrible disservice to the children.[2]

Other themes[edit]

In addition to contemporary stories about the Korean War and World War II, Two-Fisted Tales and Frontline Combat contained a number of stories taking place in historical settings, including the Civil War, the Revolutionary War and ancient Rome.

A series of special issues dedicated to the Civil War included issues 31 and 35 of Two-Fisted Tales and issue 9 of Frontline Combat. Although originally planned to be seven issues in total, the series was never completed.

In other media[edit]

Television adaptation[edit]

In 1991, the comic book was adapted for a TV pilot by producers Joel Silver, Richard Donner, Robert Zemeckis and others. Apart from an opening montage of covers from the comic book and use of comic's logo, the pilot had little connection with Kurtzman's creation. In imitation of EC's horror books, the hour-long anthology drama featured ghostly gunfighter Mr. Rush (Bill Sadler) as a host and a device to connect the segments, although Kurtzman's war-adventure stories had never been introduced by a host. Two of the stories, "Showdown" and "King of the Road," were original scripts and not adaptations from EC (although Showdown did share a title with a story from issue 37). The third story, "Yellow," was adapted from a story written by Al Feldstein and illustrated by Jack Davis for the first issue of EC's Shock SuspenStories. The pilot had a single telecast, generating little interest, and all three segments were later extracted to become individual episodes of HBO's Tales From The Crypt television series. The cast included Kirk Douglas, Brad Pitt and Dan Aykroyd.

Popular Culture[edit]

Welsh drum and bass, and electronic music producer and DJ, Lincoln Barrett, adopted the name Two Fisted Tales as a pseudonym under which to produce primarily house music tracks.

Issue guide[edit]

# Date Cover Artist Story Story Artist
18 Nov/Dec 1950 Harvey Kurtzman Conquest Harvey Kurtzman
Hong Kong Intrigue Al Feldstein
Revolution Wally Wood
Mutiny Johnny Craig
19 Jan/Feb 1951 Harvey Kurtzman War Story John Severin & Bill Elder
Jivaro Death Harvey Kurtzman
Flight from Danger Johnny Craig
Brutal Capt. Bull Wally Wood
20 Mar/Apr 1951 Harvey Kurtzman Massacred John Severin & Bill Elder
Colt Single Action Army Revolver Jack Davis
Pirate Gold Harvey Kurtzman
Dark Side of the Moon Wally Wood
21 May/June 1951 Harvey Kurtzman Ambush Jack Davis
Pigs of the Roman Empire John Severin & Bill Elder
The Murmansk Run Wally Wood
Search Harvey Kurtzman
22 July/Aug 1951 Harvey Kurtzman Enemy Contact Jack Davis
Dying City Alex Toth
Massacre at Agincourt Wally Wood
Chicken John Severin & Bill Elder
23 Sept/Oct 1951 Harvey Kurtzman Death Stand Jack Davis
Old Soldiers Never Die Wally Wood
Kill Harvey Kurtzman
Dog Fight John Severin & Bill Elder
24 Nov/Dec 1951 Harvey Kurtzman Hill 203 Jack Davis
Bug Out Wally Wood
Rubble Harvey Kurtzman
Weak Link John Severin & Bill Elder
25 Jan/Feb 1952 Harvey Kurtzman Mud Jack Davis
Bunker Hill Wally Wood
Corpse On the Imjin Harvey Kurtzman
Buzz Bomb John Severin & Bill Elder
26 Mar/Apr 1952 Harvey Kurtzman The Trap John Severin
Hagaru-Ri Jack Davis
Link-Up John Severin & Bill Elder
Hungnam Wally Wood
27 May/June 1952 Harvey Kurtzman Luck John Severin & Bill Elder
Custer's Last Stand Wally Wood
D-Day John Severin
Jeep Jack Davis
28 July/Aug 1952 Harvey Kurtzman Checkers John Severin & Bill Elder
Pell's Point Wally Wood
Alamo John Severin
Saipan Jack Davis
29 Sept/Oct 1952 Harvey Kurtzman Korea Jack Davis
Red Knight John Severin
Washington John Severin & Bill Elder
Fire Mission Dave Berg
30 Nov/Dec 1952 Jack Davis Bunker Ric Estrada
Knights Wally Wood
Wake Gene Colan
Fledgling Jack Davis
31 Jan/Feb 1953 Harvey Kurtzman Blockade Wally Wood
Campaign John Severin & Bill Elder
Donelson Jack Davis
Grant John Severin & Bill Elder
32 Mar/Apr 1953 Wally Wood Silent Service Jack Davis
Lost Battalion Johnny Craig
Hannibal Wally Wood
Tide Joe Kubert
33 May/June 1953 Wally Wood Signal Corps Jack Davis
Outpost John Severin
Pearl Divers Joe Kubert
Atom Bomb Wally Wood
34 July/Aug 1953 Jack Davis Betsy Jack Davis
Trial By Arms Wally Wood
En Crapaudine John Severin
Guynemer George Evans
35 October 1953 Jack Davis Robert E. Lee John Severin
New Orleans Wally Wood
Memphis Reed Crandall
Chancellorsville Jack Davis
36 January 1954 John Severin Gunfire Jack Davis
Battle Reed Crandall
Justice John Severin
Dangerous Man John Severin & Bill Elder
37 April 1954 John Severin Action John Severin
Warrior John Severin
Homemade Blitz John Severin
Showdown John Severin
38 July 1954 John Severin Lost City John Severin
Warpath John Severin
Bullets John Severin
Stampede John Severin
39 Oct 1954 John Severin Uranium Valley John Severin
Oregon Trail John Severin
The Secret John Severin
Slaughter John Severin
40 Jan 1955 George Evans Dien Bien Phu John Severin
Flaming Coffins George Evans
Last of the Mohicans Jack Davis
Sharpshooter John Severin
41 March 1955 Jack Davis Code of Honor John Severin
Mau-Mau Bernie Krigstein
Carl Akely Wally Wood
Yellow George Evans

References[edit]

  1. ^ Two-Fisted Tales at the Grand Comics Database
  2. ^ a b The Complete EC Library: Two-Fisted Tales Volume 1. Russ Cochran. 1980. 
  3. ^ Diehl, Digby Tales from the Crypt: The Official Archives (St. Martin's Press, New York, NY 1996) p. 52
  4. ^ Diehl, Digby Tales from the Crypt: The Official Archives (St. Martin's Press, New York, NY 1996) p. 46
  5. ^ Michael Kronenberg posting at MarvelMasterworksFansite.Yuku.com, September 1, 2011. Accessed September 2, 2011

Sources[edit]

  • Goulart, Ron. Great American Comic Books. Publications International, Ltd., 2001. ISBN 0-7853-5590-1.
  • Overstreet, Robert M.. Official Overstreet Comic Book Price Guide. House of Collectibles, 2004.
  • von Bernewitz, Fred. "Tales of Terror: The EC Companion." Fantagraphics Books, 2000. ISBN 1-56097-403-6.

External links[edit]