Two Harbors, California
|Two Harbors, California|
View of Two Harbors from 16,000 feet in 2015.
Location of Two Harbors in Los Angeles County, California.
|Country||United States of America|
|Time zone||Pacific (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||Pacific Daylight Time (UTC-7)|
Two Harbors, colloquially known as "The Isthmus", is a small unincorporated community island village on Santa Catalina Island, California with a population of 298 (Census of 2000). It is the second center of population on the island, besides the city of Avalon. It is mainly a resort village. It has only one restaurant, one hotel, and one general store. The village has about 150 permanent residents who live on the isthmus year-round. One notable feature is the little one-room schoolhouse where those who live on the isthmus can go to school.
Two Harbors is a small island village located approximately 37 km (23 mi) from San Pedro Harbor on Santa Catalina Island. On the island's narrow isthmus, it is located about 18 miles from the only city in the Island, Avalon. It is named for the two harbors separated by the 770 m section of land separating the leeward (northern) Isthmus Cove (aka Banning Harbor) and Catalina (or Cat) Harbor on the windward (southern) side, which together almost cut off the northwestern sixth (31.7 km²) from the main part of the island. White Rock Island, commonly known as Bird Rock, is a small privately owned island only 6312 m² in size. It is approximately 1.4 km (0.87 mi) northeast of Two Harbors, offshore from Isthmus Cove, and 470 m (1,540 ft) northwest of the closest coastal point.
The area where Two Harbors is located was originally referred to simply as the Isthmus of Catalina Island. By the 1860s, mining operations for silver, lead and zinc took place in the area. In 1864, during the Civil War, the Union Army sent 83 soldiers to the island to establish Camp Santa Catalina Island, both to protect the area from Confederate privateers and survey the isthmus and adjacent Catalina Harbor for the Bureau of Indian Affairs as a location for a future Indian reservation for "militant" tribes captured in the Bald Hills War. However the reservation idea was abandoned and so was the camp. The barracks that the Army built on the isthmus were later used to house visiting film crews in the 1920s and 1930s, a contingent of the U.S. Coast Guard during World War II, and in 1951 became the home of the Isthmus Yacht Club.
The Ning Po, a Chinese merchant ship built in 1753 and involved in over a century of war, rebellion, and piracy, eventually found its way to Catalina and was converted into a tourist attraction in 1913. The Ning Po burned off the western shore of the Isthmus in 1938. The fire which destroyed her also claimed several wooden sailing vessels that had been used in filming motion-picture "spectaculars", including the famous old down-Easter "Llewellyn J. Morse" which stood in for the USS Constitution — with accurate re-rigging — in the silent film "Old Ironsides".
Primary and secondary schools
Two Harbors is part of the Long Beach Unified School District. Young children in Two Harbors attend the one-room school, Two Harbors Elementary School in Two Harbors. Older children attend the middle school and high school at Avalon, in the Avalon School.
Colleges and universities
The USC Wrigley Institute for Environmental Studies is an environmental research and education facility run by the University of Southern California in Two Harbors. The campus consists of a 2,800 square-meter (30,000 square-foot) laboratory building, a dormitory housing, a cafeteria, a hyperbaric chamber, and a large waterfront staging area complete with dock, pier, helipad, and diving lockers. The facility was made possible by a donation from the Wrigley family and was named for Philip K. Wrigley.
Two Harbors is served by ferry lines with regular daily service to San Pedro and Marina del Rey. A helicopter can also be chartered to the village. The Catalina Airport-In-The-Sky is 10 miles (16 km) away to the east. Alternatively, various charter boats offer private service to the Island 
Most people generally walk, but shuttles are available, as are full-sized motor vehicles.
To get around the island from Two Harbors, one can get a bus that can take them anywhere on the Island, or one can hike.
- The California State Military Museum, Historic California Posts: Camp Santa Catalina Island
- http://www.laalmanac.com/history/hi06b.htm laalmanac.com
- http://www.visitcatalinaisland.com/island-info/points-of-interest/civil-war-barracks visitcatalinaisland.com
- http://www.sandiegohistory.org/journal/58october/ningpo.htm sandiegohistory.org
- http://www.visitcatalinaisland.com/island-info/points-of-interest visitcatalinaisland.com