Two Lights State Park
|Two Lights State Park|
|Maine State Park|
Two Lights State Park
|Elevation||66 ft (20 m) |
|Area||41 acres (17 ha)|
|Management||Maine Department of Agriculture, Conservation and Forestry|
|IUCN category||V - Protected Landscape/Seascape|
|Website: Two Lights State Park|
Two Lights State Park is a state park located on Cape Elizabeth, Maine, named after the twin Cape Elizabeth Lights. The 41-acre (17 ha) park opened in 1961 and offers views of Casco Bay and the Atlantic Ocean. In addition to rocky headlands, the park includes the remains of a World War II-era seacoast battery bunker, and a fire control tower.
The nearby twin lighthouses were built in 1828. One is still active, Cape Elizabeth Light, and the other was decommissioned in 1924, served as a fire control tower in World War II, and is now a private home. Edward Hopper made one of the towers the subject of his 1929 painting The Lighthouse at Two Lights. Both lighthouses can be viewed from the turnaround at the end of Two Lights Road, but cannot be seen from within Two Lights State Park.
During World War II, the park area was the Cape Elizabeth Military Reservation. The coast defense battery in the park was Battery Construction Number (BCN) 201, designed for two 6-inch guns in shielded mounts that would be on the large concrete circles at each end of the battery. However, with the threat from surface ships nearly non-existent by the time the battery was completed, it was not armed. It was part a modernization of the Harbor Defenses of Portland, centered on Battery Steele on Peaks Island. A duplicate of Battery Steele, BCN 101 with two 16-inch guns, was planned for an area near the park but never built.
Park facilities include paths and benches along the shore, rest rooms, and a playground. Picnic tables situated on the hills facing the ocean afford visitors views of the ocean.
- "Two Lights State Park". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
- "Two Lights State Park". Department of Agriculture, Conservation and Forestry. Retrieved July 25, 2014.
- "The Lighthouse at Two Lights". The Collection Online. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Retrieved July 25, 2014.
- Berhow, Mark A., Ed. (2004). American Seacoast Defenses, A Reference Guide, Second Edition. CDSG Press. p. 203. ISBN 0-9748167-0-1.
- List of all US coastal forts and batteries at the CDSG website
- FortWiki article on Cape Elizabeth Mil Res
- Two Lights State Park Department of Agriculture, Conservation and Forestry