Twyford Post Office and stores
Twyford shown within Hampshire
|OS grid reference|
|District||City of Winchester|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
|UK Parliament||Winchester (constituency)|
|Website||Twyford Parish Council|
Twyford is a village and civil parish in Hampshire, England, approximately three miles (4.8 kilometres) south of Winchester and near the M3 motorway and Twyford Down. In 2001, the population of the parish was 1,456. The village lies on the River Itchen, which passes through nearby watermeadows, and has been important economically for its residents.
The name "Twyford" means "two fords" (Old English 'twifyrd'), which cross the River Itchen and was noted from as early as 963, being also mentioned in the 1086 Domesday Book as 'Tuiforde'. From medieval times, the river supported a very large number of water mills for grinding corn.
In Thomas Moule's English Counties 1837 edition, Twyford is referred to as: "on the river Itchin [sic], 3 miles S. from the City of Winchester, contains 169 houses and 1048 inhabitants. The church, dedicated to the Virgin Mary, is a vicarage, value £12 12s. 8d., in the patronage of Emmanuel College, Cambridge. In the chancel is a mural monument, with a bust, by Joseph Nollekens, in memory of Dr. Jonathan Shipley, Bishop of St. Asaph, who died in the year 1788."
Twyford includes a village school, St. Mary's Primary School, a travel agency Roger Walker Travel, a doctor's surgery and pharmacy, a grocer's shop and Post Office, a traditional clockmaker, two Public Houses a social club Twyford Social Club, and numerous other small businesses.
The village benefits greatly from three parks; Ballards Close, Hunters Park and Northfields Park, as well as many footpaths and large areas of water meadow which are held in trust or otherwise protected from building development.
Twyford St Mary's Parish Church was designed by Alfred Waterhouse the renowned Victorian architect who designed London's Natural History Museum.
According to the 2001 UK census, the village has a population of 1,456 people, comprising 735 males and 721 females, living in 613 households. In 2001 there were twelve vacant dwellings in the parish, and the average household in Twyford had 6.40 rooms. 433 of these households were owner occupied, 105 were privately rented and 75 rented from the Council, housing association or registered social landlord. Housing in the parish consists of 241 detached houses or bungalows, 328 semi-detached or terraced houses or bungalows, and 61 flats, apartments, caravans or temporary structures.
The B3335 road runs north-south through the village, linking with Junction 11 of the M3 Motorway to the north and the neighbouring village of Colden Common to the south. This road is called the High Street for the most of its route through the village; before completion of the M3 to the west it was the main A333 from Winchester to Portsmouth. In the centre of the village is a crossroads, where an unclassified road crosses the High Street. The west turn-off, Finches Road, becomes Shawford Road which runs through to the nearby village of Shawford before joining the main road from Winchester to Otterbourne. The east turn-off, Hazeley Road, travels past the Twyford Waterworks, to Hazeley Down and on towards Morestead and Owslebury.
The nearest rail station is Shawford railway station to the east. Twyford is served by several regular bus routes, operated by Bluestar (bus company) and Stagecoach Group among others, linking the village with Winchester, Eastleigh, Southampton and Fareham. The Monarch's Way long distance footpath passes through the village from east to west. The Itchen Way follows the western boundary.
Twyford lies on the chalk at the northern edge of the Hampshire Basin, dipping south from the southern limb of the Winchester anticline. Successively younger layers of chalk are exposed from north to south, from Turonian New Pit Chalk in the Plague Pits Valley south of St. Catherine's Hill, the Lewes Nodular Chalk at Twyford Down, the Seaford Chalk under the village, to the Santonian or Campanian Newhaven Chalk to the south. In the Itchen valley to the west the chalk is overlain by alluvium and tufa deposits. The chalk is deeply incised by a series of dry valleys running south and west towards the Itchen.
Twyford is twinned with:
- "Parish Headcounts, Area: Twyford CP". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 30 November 2007.
- "Parish Profile – Accommodation and Tenure, Area: Twyford CP". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 30 November 2007.
- Berry, Carl. "Travel Search". Retrieved 30 November 2007.
- British Geological Survey (2002), Winchester. England and Wales Sheet 299. Solid and Drift Geology, 1:50,000 Series geological map, Keyworth, Nottingham: British Geological Survey, ISBN 0-7518-3340-1
- "British towns twinned with French towns [via WaybackMachine.com]". Archant Community Media Ltd. Archived from the original on 5 July 2013. Retrieved 20 July 2013.
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