Tybroughney

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Tibberaghny
Tiobra Fhachna
Civil parish, townland
Tibberaghny is located in Ireland
Tibberaghny
Tibberaghny
Location in Ireland
Coordinates: 52°20′42″N 7°21′46″W / 52.344866°N 7.3626745°W / 52.344866; -7.3626745Coordinates: 52°20′42″N 7°21′46″W / 52.344866°N 7.3626745°W / 52.344866; -7.3626745
Country  Ireland
Province Leinster
County Kilkenny
Municipal district Piltown[1]
Electoral division Whitechurch[2]
Area[n 1]
 • Total 4.644 km2 (1.793 sq mi)
Time zone WET (UTC+0)
 • Summer (DST) IST (WEST) (UTC-1)
Ref [3]

Tybroughney, statutory spelling Tibberaghny (Irish: Tiobra Fhachna[4]), is a civil parish in the barony of Iverk, County Kilkenny in Ireland. The parish comprises a single townland, also called Tibberaghny.[5] It lies on the north bank of the River Suir facing County Waterford, while the Lingaun river separates it from County Tipperary to the west.[4]

Name[edit]

The name Tiobra Fhachna means "well of Saint Fachtna", who was at Lismore Abbey in the seventh century.[6] Various anglicised spellings include Tibberaghny,[4] Tiberaghny,[7] Tipperaghny,[8] Tybroughney,[6] Tyburoughny,[8] Tibroughny,[7] Tybrachny.[4][7]

History[edit]

Saint Fachtna's well, the holy well from which the townland is named, lies near the ruined former parish church.[9] Saint Modomnoc reputedly lived as a hermit in the area in the sixth century, and a pattern was celebrated there on 13 February, his feast day.[10][11] The church was built before the Norman invasion of Ireland, and the parish formerly belonged to the Diocese of Lismore rather than the Diocese of Ossory.[12] A pillar in the churchyard is carved in the style of a Celtic high cross, of which it may be a remnant.[9][13] In the Church of Ireland the parish was united to Whitechurch parish by 1821,[14] and in 1833 both were among five civil parishes in the benefice of Fiddown.[8][15] In the Irish Catholic church it is part of Templeorum parish.[8]

The site is at the limit of access upstream on the Suir for medieval sea-going vessels.[6] A Viking settlement here was destroyed in 980.[6] Prince John of England built a castle here in 1185, shortly after the Norman invasion, to guard the northern border of Waterford.[6] John's castle may have been built on the site of the extant Tybroughney Castle built in the 15th century,[6] or a motte-and-bailey on a now-empty height near by.[8][16] The parish was in County Tipperary as late as 1536, but had been transferred to County Kilkenny by 1649.[17]

Population[edit]

Censuses recorded population by townland until 1911.

Population of civil parish and townland of Tibberaghny at decennial censuses[18][19]
Year 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891 1901 1911
Population 278 247 210 190 147 128 104 71

Transport[edit]

The section of the N24 road between Carrick-on-Suir and Piltown runs through the north of the townland. Further south is the Limerick–Rosslare railway line, between Carrick-on-Suir station and Waterford station. (The nearer station at Fiddown closed in 1964.[9][20])

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ 1,147.6125 acres (464.4223 ha)[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "S.I. No. 53/2014 - County of Kilkenny Local Electoral Areas and Municipal Districts Order 2014." Irish Statute Book. Retrieved 29 June 2015. 
  2. ^ a b General topographical index of Ireland, 1901. Command papers. Cd.2071. Dublin: HMSO. 1904. p. 869. 
  3. ^ "Map with Tibberaghny highlighted". Google Maps. Retrieved 29 June 2015. 
  4. ^ a b c d "Tiobra Fhachna/Tibberaghny (parish)". Placenames Database of Ireland. Retrieved 29 June 2015. 
  5. ^ "Tiobra Fhachna/Tibberaghny (townland)". Placenames Database of Ireland. Retrieved 29 June 2015. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f "Tybroughney Castle - Bastion of Romans and saints and now restored by the Dowleys". Kilkenny People. 10 October 2012. Retrieved 29 June 2015. 
  7. ^ a b c Abstract of Answers and Returns pursuant to Act for taking Account of Population of Ireland. Command papers. 22, xxiv, 393. HMSO. 1824. pp. 71, note (y). 
  8. ^ a b c d e Lewis, Samuel (1837). "Tipperaghney". A Topographical Dictionary of Ireland,. Retrieved 29 June 2015. 
  9. ^ a b c Crawford, Henry S. (30 September 1908). "Description of a Carved Stone at Tybroughney, Co. Kilkenny". The Journal of the Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland. Fifth Series, Vol. 38 (3): 270–277. JSTOR 25513927. 
  10. ^ Bunson, Matthew; Bunson, Margaret; Bunson, Stephen (2003). "Modomnoc". Our Sunday Visitor's Encyclopedia of Saints. Our Sunday Visitor Publishing. p. 592. ISBN 9781931709750. Retrieved 30 June 2015. 
  11. ^ "St Aidan, Bishop and Patron of Ferns". The Irish Ecclesiastical Record. Browne and Nolan. 7 (73): 394. 1871. 
  12. ^ Power, P. (30 June 1938). "Some Old Churches of Decies". The Journal of the Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland. Seventh Series, Vol. 8 (1): 56, fn.1. JSTOR 25510095. 
  13. ^ Kelly, Dorothy (1992). "The High Crosses of Ireland: A Review Article". The Journal of the Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland. 122: 69. JSTOR 25509022. (Subscription required (help)). 
  14. ^ "County Kilkenny: Barony of Iverk". Abstract of Answers and Returns pursuant to Act for taking Account of Population of Ireland. Sessional papers. 22 xxiv 577. 1824. pp. 44–45, note (y). Retrieved 30 June 2015. 
  15. ^ "Return of Number of Churches in each Benefice or Union in Ireland". Sessional papers No.400. EPPI. 18 June 1833. pp. 14 No.34. Retrieved 30 June 2015. 
  16. ^ Orpen, Goddard H. (31 December 1909). "Motes and Norman Castles in Ossory". The Journal of the Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland. 39 [Fifth Series, Vol. 19] (4): 324. JSTOR 25514022. 
  17. ^ Empey, C. A. (1971). "The Cantreds of the Medieval County of Kilkenny". The Journal of the Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland. Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland. 101 (2): 131. JSTOR 25549764. (Subscription required (help)). 
  18. ^ "HISTPOP.ORG - Browse > Census > 1881 > Ireland > Area, population and number of houses, Vol. I, Ireland, 1881 Page 342". Retrieved 30 June 2015. 
  19. ^ "HISTPOP.ORG - Browse > Census > 1911 > Ireland > Area, houses, and population, Leinster, Ireland, 1911 Page 15". Retrieved 30 June 2015. 
  20. ^ "Written Answers. - River Suir Bridge". Dáil Éireann debates. 29 March 1977. Retrieved 30 June 2015.