Tyburnia

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Tyburnia on a modern street map. Northern and western edges approximate. Hyde Park to the south.

Tyburnia is a district of London created to an 1824 masterplan by Samuel Pepys Cockerell to redevelop the historic lands of the Bishop of London, known as the Tyburn Estate, into a residential area to rival Belgravia. It was the first part of Paddington to be developed.

Area[edit]

The area called Tyburnia has varied over time and it was never finished according to the original plan but it is certainly bounded by Edgware Road in the east and Bayswater Road and Hyde Park Place in the south. The northern boundary is generally regarded as Craven Road and Praed Street, while the western boundary is generally regarded as Gloucester Terrace.

History[edit]

The district formed the centrepiece of an 1824 masterplan by Samuel Pepys Cockerell to redevelop the historic lands of the Bishop of London, known as the Tyburn Estate,[1] into a residential area to rival Belgravia.[2] It was the first part of Paddington to be developed.[3]

The area was laid out in the mid-1800s when grand squares and cream-stuccoed terraces started to fill the acres between Paddington station and Hyde Park; however, the plans were never realised in full. The author William Makepeace Thackeray described the district as "the elegant, the prosperous, the polite Tyburnia, the most respectable district of the habitable globe."[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Tyburnia – A History of the Paddington Estates". Hyde Park Square Garden. 20 October 2014. Retrieved 11 June 2017.
  2. ^ Walford, Edward. "Tyburn and Tyburnia". Old and New London: Volume 5. British History Online. Retrieved 11 June 2017.
  3. ^ T F T Baker, Diane K Bolton and Patricia E C Croot (1989). "'Paddington: Tyburnia' in A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 9, Hampstead, Paddington". British History Online. pp. 190–198. Retrieved 11 June 2017.
  4. ^ Brewer, E. Cobham. "Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (1898)". Bartleby.com. Retrieved 11 June 2017.

External links[edit]

Media related to Tyburnia at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 51°30′54″N 0°10′12″W / 51.5149°N 0.1701°W / 51.5149; -0.1701