Tyczyn

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Tyczyn
Wodzicki Palace
Wodzicki Palace
Coat of arms of Tyczyn
Coat of arms
Tyczyn is located in Poland
Tyczyn
Tyczyn
Coordinates: 49°58′N 22°2′E / 49.967°N 22.033°E / 49.967; 22.033Coordinates: 49°58′N 22°2′E / 49.967°N 22.033°E / 49.967; 22.033
Country  Poland
Voivodeship POL województwo podkarpackie flag.svg Subcarpathian
County Rzeszów
Gmina Tyczyn
Established 1368
Town rights 1368
Government
 • Mayor Janusz Skotnicki
Area
 • Total 9.67 km2 (3.73 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Total 3,299
 • Density 340/km2 (880/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 36-020
Area code(s) +48 17
Car plates RZE
Website http://www.tyczyn.pl

Tyczyn [ˈtɨt͡ʂɨn] is a town in southern Poland with a population of 3,353 inhabitants (02.06.2009).[1] It is located in the Subcarpathian Voivodeship (Województwo Podkarpackie), in the Rzeszów County (Powiat Rzeszowski).

History[edit]

Bartold Tyczner, a merchant from Moravia, founded Tyczyn in 1368 during the reign of King Casimir III of Poland. The Jews migrated into the area during the 15th and 16th centuries.

Tyczyn is located in the lower Carpathian foothills, about halfway between the two large towns of Kraków to the west and Lviv (Lwów) to the east. The center of town is on top of a hill surrounded by numerous farming villages. To the north of town is the River Strug.

The town grew and dominated the area until the mid-17th century when it was destroyed first by a Tatar and later by a Cossack invasion. During the years 1792 to 1918 Tyczyn and the southern part of Poland, known as Polish Galicia, became part of the Austrian-Hungarian Empire. During those years the area of Tyczyn came under administrative control of Rzeszów, a larger town and a county seat, some eight miles (13 kilometres) north of Tyczyn.

Prior to World War II, Tyczyn had a vibrant Jewish shtetl community. The Nazi Army took control over the town on September 10, 1939.[2] The Jewish residents faced severe restrictions, relocation from their homes to the Rzeszów ghetto, deportations to labor and concentration camps, as well as numerous executions. In particular, there is a large mass grave for the Jewish inhabitants who were executed in the forests in the outskirts of the town. George Lucius Salton, a former resident of Tyczyn, estimates that the Nazis reduced Jewish population from approximately 2,000 people to 10 people by end of the war. According to Salton's autobiography, most of the ghetto's population, promised relocation to a large Ukrainian farm, were taken directly to Belzec where they were gassed in the designated gas chambers. Today, sites within the town serve as memorials and learning centers for the Tyczyn's victims of the Holocaust.

Education[edit]

  • Wyższa Szkoła Społeczno-Gospodarcza (Social-Economic High School)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ "Population. Size and structure by territorial division" (PDF). © 1995-2009 Central Statistical Office 00-925 Warsaw, Al. Niepodległości 208. 2009-06-02. Retrieved 2009-06-22.  External link in |publisher= (help)
  2. ^ "World War II came to Tyczyn". 2002. Retrieved 2011-02-26.