Tygodnik Ilustrowany

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Tygodnik Ilustrowany
Tygodnik Ilustrowany.jpg
Tygodnik Ilustrowany no. 121 (1862)
Type weekly magazine
Founder(s) Józef Unger
Publisher Gebethner i Wolff
Language Polish language

Tygodnik Ilustrowany (Polish: [tɨˈɡɔdɲik ilustrɔˈvanɨ], The Illustrated Weekly) was a Polish language weekly magazine published in Warsaw from 1859 to 1939.[1] The magazine focus was on literary, artistic and social issues.[2]

History[edit]

It is said to have been one of the most important and popular Polish magazines of the period,[1][3] profitable and widely respected.[4] It was particularly popular among the inteligencja social group.[5] It was the oldest cultural periodical published in Warsaw.[6]

The magazine was first published by Józef Unger; later it was taken over by the company Gebether i Wolff.[7] Editors included: L. Jenike, J. Wolff, A. Oppman, A. Grzymała-Siedlecki, Z. Dębicki, P. Choynowski, W. Gebethner, J. Gebethner, W. Czarski and C. Staszewicz.[7] In 1909 its circulation was reported to be about 20,000.[8]

The magazine commonly published articles on history of Poland and Polish society, including archeological, ethnographic and similar essays.[3] It also published texts on the progress of technology and on voyages and explorations.[5] It serialized some novels, including Orzeszkowa's Nad Niemnem, Reymont's Chłopi Żeromski's Popioły.[5] Texts published in it are still seen as high quality.[3]

The magazine history ends with the German invasion of Poland in September 1939; the last issue was published on 3 September that year.[4]

Among its contributors most prominent were Polish literary figures such as Józef Ignacy Kraszewski, Eliza Orzeszkowa, Bolesław Prus and Nobel Prize winner Henry Sienkiewicz.[1] Others included: T. Boy-Żeleński, Władysław Skoczylas,[5] W. Sabowski, J. Zachariasiewicz, Z. Miłkowski, P. Chmielewski, W. Bogusławski, M. Gawalewicz, J. Wieniawski.[7]

It is credited with popularizing woodcut illustrations in Poland, publishing works by artists such as Wojciech Gerson, Henryk Pillati, Franciszek Kostrzewski and Juliusz Kossak.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d HALINA LERSKI (30 January 1996). Historical Dictionary of Poland, 966-1945. ABC-CLIO. pp. 615–616. ISBN 978-0-313-03456-5. Retrieved 23 May 2013. 
  2. ^ Anna Agnieszka Szablowska; Мар'яна Сеньків; Музей етнографії та художнього промислу Інституту народознавства НАН України (2009). Plakat polski: ze zbiorów Muzeum Etnografii i Przemysłu Artystycznego Instytutu Narodoznawstwa Narodowej Akademii Nauk Ukrainy we Lwowie. Ministerstwo Kultury i Dziedzictwa Narodowego. p. 72. ISBN 978-83-929227-1-1. Retrieved 23 May 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c "Opis realizacji projektu". Bilp.uw.edu.pl. Retrieved 2014-04-04. 
  4. ^ a b Alina Brodzka (1992). Słownik literatury polskiej XX wieku. Ossolineum. p. 1339. ISBN 978-83-04-03942-1. Retrieved 23 May 2013. 
  5. ^ a b c d "Encyklopedie w INTERIA.PL - największa w Polsce encyklopedia internetowa". Encyklopedia.interia.pl. Retrieved 2014-04-04. 
  6. ^ Stanisław Bylina (1978). Stosunki literackie polsko-czeskie i polsko-słowackie, 1890-1939: praca. Zakład Narodowy im. Ossolińskich. p. 98. Retrieved 23 May 2013. 
  7. ^ a b c "Tygodnik Ilustrowany - Przyjaciel Ludu - WIEM, darmowa encyklopedia". Portalwiedzy.onet.pl. Retrieved 2014-04-04. 
  8. ^ Alina Brodzka (1992). Słownik literatury polskiej XX wieku. Ossolineum. p. 130. ISBN 978-83-04-03942-1. Retrieved 23 May 2013. 

External links[edit]